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The Changing Roles Of The Teacher In Recent Times.

3006 words - 12 pages

My main aim of this assignment is to critically discuss how and in what ways the role of the teacher has altered as a result of legislation since and including the 1988 Education Reform Act. So, in order to fulfil this purpose it will be useful to concentrate on the major issues and changes that have effected schools and teachers as a result of the transformation of the Education System.Among the people with whom most teachers have professional relationships, several groups may be distinguished, which potentially have considerable influence upon the role of the teacher. So, for this reason, the most appropriate way to begin would be by defining the 1988 Education Reform Act which has had an immense effect on the role of the teacher in the modern era. It was the most important and far-reaching educational law-making for England and Wales since the Education Act of 1944 and it altered the basic power structure of the education system.Maclure (1992:1) describing this change says:"It increased the powers of the Secretary of State for Education and Science and it restored to the central government powers over the curriculum which had been surrendered between the wars and set up formal machinery for exercising and enforcing these powers and responsibilities. It also introduced important limitations on the functions of the LEA's, who were forced to give greater autonomy to schools and governing bodies."The most obvious and striking aspect of the new Act, which greatly changed the work of teachers, was the establishment for the first time of a prescribed national curriculum for all state schools from the age of 5 upwards.Chitty (1999:30) explaining in detail this major change says:"The 1988 Act defined mathematics, English and science as core subjects with a second group of foundation subjects which contained modern foreign language, technology, history, geography, art music and physical education. For most subjects the Act stated that there would be attainment targets for children aged seven, 11, 14 and 16."The second major change he described was the introduction of a system of school management known as local management of schools and the third major change was the creation of a new-tier of schooling comprising city technology colleges (CTC) and grant maintained schools.Since, the introduction of The National Curriculum together with the new testing and assessment procedures have had such a major influence on the role of teachers, it would be most appropriate to discuss issues concerning these matters, first.The National Curriculum online describing the aims and objectives of the 'National Curriculum' say:"The National Curriculum lies at the heart of our policies to raise standards. It sets out a clear, full and statutory entitlement to learning for all pupils. It determines the content of what will be taught, and sets attainment targets for learning. It also determines how performance will be assessed and reported."The desirability or otherwise of a...

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