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The Changing Role Of Minorities In America During Wwii

2267 words - 9 pages

During the time of World War II there was a dramatic change in the society of America and its way of life. Men were needed at war and the women were left at home. People were mistrusted and were falsely accused of crimes they did not do. Some people were even pushed away because they were different. Many of these people were the minorities of America. Some of the minorities it affected the most were the African Americans, women, Japanese Americans, and even young adults. What is a minority? A minority, in this case, is a person or group of people who are discriminated against because there is something about them that makes them different. Some of the things that make them different are race, gender, and even age. After the war the roles of minorities change economically, legally, and socially.
World War II offered several opportunities for African American men during and after the war. While not allowed to join the Marines at the beginning of the war, African American men were able to join other branches of the military such as the Navy and the Army Air Corps’ (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). Ironically, these men were being asked to lay down their lives for a country that still didn’t want to give them basic civil rights. The African Americans that joined the military still experienced segregation. They were trained separately and put in separate groups from the white men, because America was still prejudice. (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). Those African Americans who joined the Navy were given only the menial jobs instead of the positions that required having a skill (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). The Army Air Corps’ sent Africans Americans to Tuskegee, Alabama where they trained at a university for blacks (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). Some of these men became known as the Tuskegee Airmen, one of the most well known groups of flyers during World War II (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). They were able to fly 200 bomber escort missions over enemy territory and at the same time prevent every one of the bombers from being shot down by the enemies (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). They were even able to take out their enemies fast jet fighters (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). What is shocking about all of this is that these men weren't trained with guns or knives, they had to use sticks instead (Reinhardt and Ganzel 1). With all the racism still going on, one African American man said it would be an irony for him to give America his life if it didn’t want to given him basic civil rights (Reinhardt and Ganzel 2). Further more after returning home the African American men were given an opportunity to join a movement (Reinhardt and Ganzel 2). The soldiers came home to a country that wasn’t granting them their full rights, so some joined a movement to expand them (Reinhardt and Ganzel 2). Other soldiers ended up moving to the city instead so they could find work similar to what they did while in the war (Reinhardt and Ganzel 2). The roles of African American minorities were changed after the war...

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