This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Changing Role Of Nato After The Cold War

6386 words - 26 pages

NATO After the Cold War and Changing Role


1. Introduction

2. NATO’s main functions

3. NATO’s new missions after Cold War

4. NATO in the 21’th century

5. Europe after the Cold War

6. NATO’s relations with OSCE and WEU

7. Conclusion

1. Introduction

(1) After the end of World War II, all involved countries, with no exception of being victorious or defeated, have started seeking of the prevention of a new disaster by reconstructing and maintaining the security and peace primarily in Europe. All huge and disastrous events (such as World Wars) which affected whole world were originated from the uncomfortable conditions and conflicts in the continent. Thus the main task was to settle a mechanism that would eliminate any emerging threat against the continental security and maintain the order and peace. For this purpose, in 1949 West European countries established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in order to protect the member countries against any possible attack which was primarily expected from the East European Countries led by the Soviet Union. During the Cold War, NATO’s primary goal was to circumvent any aggression held by the iron-curtain countries. Military deterrence (by developing high-tech and nuclear weapons and locating them to the eastern frontier of the Alliance, Germany and Turkey) was the main strategy in preventing any large-scale attack from the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact countries. By the end of Cold War many debates were made and still is going on whether the Alliance completed its mission in the territory. In spite of all, The North Atlantic Treaty has continued to guarantee the security of its member countries ever since. Today, following the end of the Cold War and of the division of Europe, the Alliance has been restructured to enable it to participate in the development of cooperative security structures for the whole of Europe. It has also transformed its political and military structures in order to adapt them to peacekeeping and crisis management tasks undertaken in cooperation with countries which are not members of the Alliance and with other international organizations.

Table 1: The 19 Member Countries of the North Atlantic Council (NAC)

Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark

France Germany Greece Hungary

Iceland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands

Norway Poland Portugal Spain

Turkey United Kingdom United States

Through initiatives such as the creation of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) and Partnership for Peace (PfP), and the establishment of a new Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), the member countries of NATO have opened the way for new forms of partnership and cooperation with other countries within the framework of the Alliance. On 27 May 1997, in Paris, NATO and Russia signed a historic agreement on their future relations. A few days later a NATO-Ukraine Charter was initialed in Sintra, Portugal,...

Find Another Essay On The Changing Role of NATO After the Cold War

Cold War - The Changing Relationship of the Superpowers

633 words - 3 pages Cold War - The Changing Relationship of the SuperpowersThe United States and Soviet Union, the single most important rivalry of the twentieth century, started as a partnership. This irony was caused by the fact that the Germans were taking over Europe, which forced them in this relationship. Once Hitler was eliminated and Berlin destroyed, the tensions began rising. These two nations had completely opposite ideologies from the economic system to

The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945

2131 words - 9 pages The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945 After World War Two, there was an increasing interest in the idea of a United Europe. Soviet Russia and Western European Capitalist states had no common interests despite the wartime alliance, which was no longer valid. There was growing hostility between the United States and Soviet Russia that developed in to a Cold War. This essay will suggest that the development

Interntional Relations After the Cold War

1672 words - 7 pages try to find ways to promote globalization. One obvious example is the U.S. effort to remain in the role of international policeman, and influence other countries and organizations. Relations between political organizations, as well as transatlantic forces and determine the extent of globalization. In global security policy after the Cold War, the world faces serious challenges. In today's global atmosphere resulting from the military and

Structural Realism after the Cold War

1013 words - 5 pages analyze Waltz theoretical argument from the journal "Structural Realism after the Cold War". Firstly, this paper will indicate the author's thesis and the arguments supporting it. Secondly, limitations found in theoretical arguments will be illustrated and thirdly, synergies between the author's thesis and this analysis will be exposed. From the realist point of view, the international political system is considered as anarchic. There is a

US - Russian relations after the cold war

1446 words - 6 pages - well researched essay, very thoughtfulShkolnikov 1US and Russia relations after the defeat of the USSR:The end of Cold War brought new challenges to Russian life, economy and politics. Actually, the post-Cold War period opened the new opportunities for Russia. Democracy made its first steps in the country. After seventy years of communism Russian people finally got a chance to live how the want, to say what they want and to do what they want

The role of Cuba during the Cold War

1062 words - 4 pages During the heart of the Cold War, the heated focal point of the United States and the USSR shifted away from Europe, Asia and Africa for a few brief tense years, and locked in on one of the US' closest neighboring countries, Cuba. The antagonism that occurred between the US and Cuba during 1959 to 1963 can be largely attributed to the change of regime from Batista to Fidel Castro in 1956, manifested in the arenas of economics, international

The Events That Happen After the Cold War

586 words - 3 pages During the 1960’s there were many radical movements that changed society. One radical movement was the cold war. During this time, the Americans and Soviets were considered the two most dominant countries in the world. There was great tension worldwide due to the fact that if a war broke out it would mean the end of the world. The soviets and Americans had nuclear weapons powerful enough to destroy the whole world. This war instilled fear to all

The USA and Latin American Countries After the Cold War

1220 words - 5 pages developing even more complex strategies based on what they believe will be future perspectives on US / Inter-american relations in the issue of military cooperation. Because with time, everything can change. After the fall of the Cold War the global world changed completely. The US had made many bold moves in order the keep it’s hegemony and to fight off communism.Which led the United states to losing its global power status and made it adjust to the

Autonomy and Political Responsibility after the Cold War

2676 words - 11 pages -reliant. Halmut Tuerk remarked that "The importance of the national State will diminish due to the existence of supra-national institutions on the one hand and the increasing role of regions on the other hand. Thus . . . every individual . . . will enjoy the advantage of living in a broader European framework."20 The Cold War shaped the decades from after World War II to the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. As the United States and Soviet Union

The Changing Role of Women

1549 words - 7 pages women played very important roles in World War II, and thus the war played a major part in advancing their empowerment. World War II brought many positive changes to the role of women within the United States, and allowed them to show the world that they were truly capable of doing much more than believed possible during those times. From bravely taking over jobs designed for men, to the aiding soldiers in battle fields, these valiant women were

Security Studies During and After The Cold War

2103 words - 8 pages Berlin Wall signified the end of conflict between the Communism and Capitalist ideology, new emerging issues such as the ‘War on Terror’ in the Middle East are fought in the same manner and built on the same ideological functions of the Cold War. Traditional security studies can define security as the protection of the state while critical security studies expands the role of security into protecting additional critiques involving the environment

Similar Essays

Nato And The Cold War Essay

699 words - 3 pages active role in international relations. NATO was formed on the 4th of April 1949 with an alliance of twelve independent nations committed to defense and security. Natio's primary job was to act as the opposition to the Soviet Union and its Warsaw pact nation allies. In the years after World War II (1939-1945), many Western leaders believed the policies of the USSR threatened international stability and peace. The forcible installation of Communist

"The Changing Of Mary Willis" In The Novel Cold Sassy Tree What Did She Do After The Death Of Her Mother? Read About How The Timid, Immature Mary Willis Became Bold And Helpful

602 words - 2 pages After the death of her mother, Mary Willis Tweedy was very heartbroken. She went into many weeks of mourning and nobody thought that she would ever recover. Mary Willis was very dependent on her mother. However, Mary Willis did emotionally mature greatly in the course of this novel.In the beginning of this novel, Mary Willis was very laid back. When Grandpa Blakeslee told her to do something, she did it with no questions asked. She rarely voiced

France After The Cold War Essay

932 words - 4 pages France is a country located in western Europe. The capital is Paris and it has a population of approximately 60,424,000. France was one of the many countries impacted by the Cold War and I will be discussing the current state of the country. Today, “France is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO

Nato And Cold War Essay

990 words - 4 pages was formed with the purpose of stopping Soviet expansion in Europe, with the United States as the main driving force. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the consequential end of the Cold War it may be asked why has NATO survived and still plays an active and influential role in European interstate politics. NATO has a definite reason for still continuing on in Europe. According to Michael Ruhle (Senior Planning Officer, Policy Planning and