What exactly is truth? What is true? These questions are two completely different questions. In order to answer what is true, you must first determine what truth actually is. If we look in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, we see the definition that says “The things that are true”. This is not what we are looking for in a definition of this word, but really there is no defining line between what is true, and what is not.
Truth is essentially divided into two main types of truth. There is empirical truth that is what is observed, what can be tangibly learned from observation. For an example we look at, Starbucks makes coffee and other hot beverages. This is a form of empirical truth, which is what is observed. Other than the empirical truth, there is truth. Truth is defined by us, by our beliefs, experiences, observations. This is the problem that there is with the nature of truth, because our experiences, and beliefs may differ from someone else giving them different truth. There are several theories on truth, and they are the Correspondence Theory, the Semantic Theory, the Deflationary Theory, the Coherence Theory, and the Pragmatic Theory. In this paper, we will be focusing on the Correspondence Theory and the Coherence Theory ( insert citation, IEP website).
The Correspondence Theory, is most likely the popular one of the group. The origins of this theory originate in early forms of Plato, and Aristotle. What this theory says about what truth is, is that its a relationship. A relationship between a proposition, and a fact that goes along with this proposition. The proposition that peppermint tea, has the taste of peppermint is an example of this. This theory uses fact to determine truth. We can see that this uses an form of argument to derive what is true. (i) The peppermint tea has peppermint in it, (ii) it tastes like peppermint (iii) therefore peppermint tea tastes like peppermint. ( insert citation, IEP website).
Now that we have the basics of the correspondence theory, we have an issue. The issue that religion brings into play. Christians believe that Jesus is lord, and that the earth was created by God. But how can some people believe this to be true, and some not? This is because Christians use the bible, and history to determine their fact, whereas some people would dismiss this as fact, or evidence in proof of anything. ( insert citation, Denver Sem. Website)
The correspondence theory of truth relies of fact and reality. What we can tangibly feel, and have evidence for. Aristotle once said that “to say that which is, is not, or that which is not, is a falsehood; and to say that which is, is, and that which is not is not, is true.” Aristotle is saying, that what we can see in reality is actually truth, but if we were to say that snow falls from the sky blue, then we would have a false claim, or a lie (Lynch, 2001, page 9).
The Coherence theory of truth is usually come to by philosophers because of the lack of understanding of...