As a matter of fact is, in Thanatopsis by William Bryant it shows us as a Romanticism and Transcendentalism has a relationship or concerns with American style. Romanticism was a reaction against Classicism, Romanticism championed imagination and the emotions and it was an attitude toward nature, humanity and society that espoused freedom and individualism. Consequently, that echoing the ideals of equality set forth in the declaration of independence and offered a parallel to growing sense of nationalism.
In American Romanticism was yielding to philosophy of Transcendentalism, which like the earlier movement, upheld the goodness of humanity, the glories of nature and the importance of the individual. Even today American writers display Romantic qualities as they probe the national character and celebrate nature.
In the poem of Thanatopsis, William Bryant influenced in Romantics style like the one of the pioneers of Romantics period is Ralph Waldon Emerson, that I will discuss about him later in the one of his works is "The American Scholar", because Literary of Nationalism period gave the writers attempting to establish American literature to every one has own identity, freedom and independence. Thanatopsis is a view of death, which is a wonderful literary work that explores the often controversial questions of death. Bryant attempts to show the relationship between death's eternal questions and the on going cycle of nature and life. Through out the poem, Bryant creates images which connect death and sleep and the nature makes him glad, loves him, teaches him and heals him. That all supported in first stanza:
To him who in the love of Nature holds
Communion with her visible forms, she speaks
A various languages; for his gayer hours
She has a voice of gladness, and a smile
And eloquence of beauty, and she glides
Into his darker musings with a mild
And healing sympathy that steals away.(line 1-7)
Moreover, Bryant beliefs that after death it will be a new life, while everything changes and dies. The God only remains immortal and beliefs that the natural world provides a key to the human world, that humanity is fulfilled through the life cycle of birth, growth, decay and death.
In this poem, Bryant supplies some metaphors about the death, when someone dies and the body should be buried in the grave and the body will be a part of the nature and all the people will be in the same death or all of them will share their destinies.
Of the stern agony and shroud, and pall,
and breathless darkness, and the narrow houses(line,11-12)
All that breathe
Will share thy destiny. The gay will laugh
When thou are gone,(line,60-62)
And the time passes rapidly like the death and that everyone should get ready to the death because the death doesn't know who's the rich one or the poor, young or old and even strong or weak.
As a long train
Of ages glides away, the sons of men,
The youth in life's green spring, and he who goes
In the full strength of years, matron and...