Mother by Maxim Gorky
Question: Evaluate the character of Pavel as a revolutionary hero in “Mother”.
“Mother” is a masterpiece of Maxim Gorky where he depicts a revolution against the bourgeois society. Being greatly influenced by the thoughts and philosophy of Lenin, Maxim Gorky is greatly shocked and frustrated by the ignorance, poverty and sufferings of his country people. He wants to establish the equal rights of the people in the society. In this novel Pavel is a character portrayed with a revolutionary spirit and Maxim Gorky shows his philosophy and dreams through the character of Pavel in this novel.
After the death of his father, Pavel, who is only a teenaged boy, joins the factory and there he learns the collective power of the proletariat. He discovers that the working class is the real agent of change in society. That leads him to a series of study circles and book-reading sessions in which like-minded, socialist workers actively take part. The studious, caring and politically aware person Pavel becomes a hero of the revolutionary circle.
We see Pavel as a great philanthropic in this novel. Pavel is the representative of this revolutionary group who questions himself “Why do the evils happen to the working class? Why are the political and economic powers in the hands of ruling class? Why are the people leading such a miserable life?” All these questions prick his mind and he is really shocked to see the inhuman sufferings of the people. He wants to eradicate capitalism from the society and to establish a class-less society where there will be no difference between the rich and the poor.
Pavel is self educated. He develops a habit of reading books about the working people. He discloses his future plan that he will study a lot and teach the people. His mother gets worried and tries to stop him from...