The Chernobyl Disaster Essay

1640 words - 7 pages

Imagine a city of 50,000 people. It’s like any normal city with hotels and restaurants and a city square. A new amusement park is going to opened in a few days. Everything in this town is great. Now imagine the city being completely empty in a matter of days. There is no one to be seen for miles. This is the story of the Chernobyl Disaster.
The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station was built in the town of Pripyat, which was a town mainly for the people that worked at and helped build the power station. The town had been founded on February 4, 1970, and earned the title of being a city in 1979. The Town had grown to a population of 49,360 before the explosion occurred.
In March of 1970, the ...view middle of the document...

It is followed by the second reactor when it becomes operational in 1978. By April of 1979, the two reactors have produced their first 10 Billion kilowatt-hours of electrical output.
In 1981, the third reactor of the power station was operational. The very next year, there was a partial core meltdown in reactor No. 1. This was not even made public until 1985. They did not want anyone to panic or change their mind about the benefit of the power station. The reactor was successfully repaired and put back into operation with a couple of months.
On the 20th of December, 1983, reactor No. 4 was put into operation. The construction of the power station is now completed. It is reported by the media on the 22nd. This was a festive day for the workers in the energy industry to celebrate. In the Soviet Union, when workers received public acclaim for their accomplishments, they are given their own special day as well as bonuses.
In February of 1986, the Minister of Power and Electrification of Ukraine, Vitali Sklyarov, is interviewed by the Soviet Life magazine. He is quoted to have said “The odds of a meltdown are one in 10,00 years. The plants have safe and reliable systems that are protected from any breakdown with three safety systems.” in his interview. People had no idea of what was coming in the very near future.
On April 25, 1986, some tests were being ran on the reactors to see how well the reactor ran with a reduced power supply. The test had begun at 1 A.M. and after twelve hours had been reduced to 50% power. It then remained at 50% power and ran smoothly for another 9 hours until the emergency core cooling system is switched off at Midnight. At midnight, Aleksandr Amikov took over as the unit’s shift chief. At 12:28 A.M., control rods are transferred from local to global power. This causes the the power in the reactor to drop from 1500 MWt to only 30 MWt.
After seeing the drop in power, Amikov sees a problem and wants to abort the test. His request is denied by the chief engineer and test supervisor, Anatoly Dyatlov,and that the test would go on despite the dangerously low power level. They were to eventually able to raise the power level up to 200 MWt at around 1 A.M. The test is continued for another 19 minutes. The reactor is then forced to operate at only 7% of power by removing all but six of the control rods. The reactor was never designed to be operated at such a low power level. The water level of the core is dangerously high. the operator tries to manually adjust the flow of water going into the reactor. He was unsuccessful and the reactor grows more unstable. All of the the control rods are then raised
At 1:21 A.M, the pressure channels are about to rupture. The reactor was vibrating furiously. Shockwaves could be felt throughout the building. Fifty seconds later pressure has fallen to nothing in the steam drums. A 1:23:40 A.M all of the control rods are reinserted. The main circulation pumps of the reactor start cavitating due...

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