Throughout history, the government has been in charge of creating and regulating different types of laws. Many of the laws have been created to protect those who reside in that country and therefore are expected to be followed. However, not everyone believes that they should follow the law and in return decide to either ignore them or rebel against them. When members of society violate the simple law that has been set in place to protect those who do not possess the capability to protect themselves, it becomes a dangerous and horrendous tragedy. One of the most horrific laws that people violate is that of child abuse and neglect.
In 1974, the United States Congress passed an act that would provide the necessary laws and regulations that would protect those who have become victims of child abuse and neglect. According to this policy was meant to: “provide financial assistance for a demonstration program for the prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse and neglect” (CAPTA of 1974 P.L. 93-247). This law became known as Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act was first amended in 1974 and became known as CAPTA. However, over the years CAPTA has been amended several times. When CAPTA was amended on June 25, 2003 it became part of the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003. The most recent amendment of the law was on December 1, 2010 (Public Law 108-36) (About CAPTA: A Legislative History). By definition, which was established in 1974, CAPTA is defined as “the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of eighteen by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which indicate that the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened” (Swan, 2010).
The Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention and Treatment Act is one of the many laws that has been set up to protect those who are unable to protect themselves, but also those who are indirectly affected by those tragedies. People who are indirectly affected include the family members of the victim. Child abuse can be interpreted in different ways. For example, it includes abuse (sexual and physical), neglect, and other forms of maltreatment. The different forms of maltreatment also includes psychological. Meanwhile, neglect also includes medical neglect aside from the failure of providing the necessities that are required to properly take care of a child.
When creating this policy it becomes a high necessity to fully know who is for and who is against the bill before it’s passed by the legislation. The major players of this policy would have to be those in favor of protecting those who are victims this crime. However, there are several individuals that are against CAPTA and their reasons vary throughout a widespread spectrum. Congress established different programs with the intention of helping the victims and their families, but there are situation...