This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Chinese Cultural Revolution Essay

1700 words - 7 pages

The Chinese Cultural Revolution

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, beginning as a campaign targeted at removing Chairman Mao Zedong's political opponents, was a time when practically every aspect of Chinese society was in pandemonium. From 1966 through 1969, Mao encouraged revolutionary committees, including the red guards, to take power from the Chinese Communist party authorities of the state. The Red Guards, the majority being young adults, rose up against their teachers, parents, and neighbors. Following Mao and his ideas, The Red Guard's main goal was to eliminate all remnants of the old culture in China. They were the 'frontline implementers' who produced havoc, used bloody force, punished supposed 'counter revolutionists', and overthrew government officials, all in order to support their 'beloved leader'.

     ?Red Guards? was a title given to people belonging to many different social groups: workers, peasants, demobilized soldiers and students. A vast majority of the people in this group were youngsters in their mid-teens, who were summoned at their middle schools by Mao. The Red Guard youth soon turned from obedient to rebellious students. Red Scarf Girl is a novel based on truth, terror and courage during the Cultural Revolution. The following excerpt discusses about the hundreds of wall posters the young Red Guard?s wrote, which discriminated against teachers, and members of their community.
?Sheet after sheet, article after article, each da-zi-bao was a bitter accusation. One was titled, ?Teacher Li, Abuser of the Young.? The student had failed to hand in her homework on time, and Teacher Li had told her to copy the assignment over five times as punishment. Another student said his teacher had deliberately ruined his students? eyesight by making them read a lot, so they could not join the Liberation Army. Still another accused Teacher Wang of attempting to corrupt a young revolutionary by buying her some bread when he learned that she had not eaten lunch.? (42)

With the incentive of being promoted, the youth set out to change the whole educational system. The students denounced the old curriculum and lessons, which taught abstract ideas not pertaining to the revolution. They vilified respectable administrators, whose only intentions were to educate children and turn them into intelligent young adults. This disruption in the education system set back China?s development, and encouraged a new generation of ignoramus people. The youth soon moved from their school to the streets, by making posters, speeches, and committing violent acts in the name of the Cultural Revolution.

The role of Red Guard was mainly to attack the ?four olds? of society, as well as purging all bourgeois elements within the government. The following excerpt, from an interview between an ex-red guard father and his daughter, explains what the four olds were:
?We were told to destroy four types of things: 1 ~ anything of the old feudal...

Find Another Essay On The Chinese Cultural Revolution

The Chinese Revolution of 1949 Essay

1822 words - 7 pages The Chinese revolution of 1949 Introduction The declaration of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949 by the Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong signified a revolution in China that brought an end to the costliest civil war in Chinese history between the Nationalist Party or Kuomintang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that had lasted a period of 22 years from 1927 to 1949. The Chinese revolution of 1949 signified the beginning

Cultural Revolution Of The 1920s Essay

744 words - 3 pages The 1920's were times of cultural revolution. The times were changing in many different ways. Whenever the times change, there is a clash between the "old" and the "new" generations. The 1920's were no exception. In Dayton, Tennessee, 1925, a high school biology teacher was arrested. He was arrested because he taught the theory of evolution. The teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of having violated the Butler Act. This

The Impact of the Chinese Revolution

1233 words - 5 pages The impact (or lack thereof) of the Chinese Revolution of 1911 is seen throughout Lu Xun’s stories. In particular the works “Diary of a Madman”, “A New Year’s Sacrifice” and “The True Story of Ah Q” provided evidence of changes (or lack thereof) the revolution brought to China. Focus in particular was paid to the topics of filial piety, female chasteness and Chinese conservatism, respectively in each story. “Diary of a Madman” was a

The Chinese Post-Revolution Economical Development

2499 words - 10 pages discuss in different aspects of China’s development as a country. However, economically, the Chinese Revolution had a positive impact towards the country’s growth strongly basing on the Soviet model of Economic development. As World War II came to an end and the Japanese gave up conquering surrounding territory, the Nationalist Party and Communist Party of China began competing for territories and Japanese technology that had been left behind

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China

1912 words - 8 pages should always be remembered for such horrors to never occur again. Works Cited Branigan, Tania. "China's Cultural Revolution: Son's Guilt over the Mother He Sent to Her Death." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 28 Mar. 2013. Web. 03 Apr. 2014. Chevrier, Yves, and David Stryker. Mao and the Chinese Revolution. Northampton, MA: Interlink, 2004. Print. "Cultural Revolution." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 03 Apr. 2014

Mao Zedong During the Cultural Revolution

1121 words - 5 pages During Cultural Revolution, there were many issues happen. The revolution didn’t occur a lot of time. This was a huge revolution in the country. China had changed rapidly from the past. China was strongly weak and not powerful because of many factors. In this revolution, there were many people involved. One of them is Mao Zedong. Mao was an important person in this revolution. He was the one who change revolution rapidly, especially women right

The Beat Generation: A Cultural Revolution

1837 words - 7 pages The Beat Generation: A Cultural Revolution In the 1950's, society's prudish view on art was drastically altered. If not for this era, art (literature, music, and fashion) would not be as exceptional as it is today. Prior to the beat generation, the conformists of America censored everything; freedom of expression was unheard of. The Beat Generation, blooming in the 1950's, inspired a group of people whose unparalleled creativity shaped

The Harlem Renaissance: A Black Cultural Revolution

1960 words - 8 pages The Harlem Renaissance- A Black Cultural Revolution James Weldon Johnson once said that "Harlem is indeed the great Mecca for the sight-seer; the pleasure seeker, the curious, the adventurous, the enterprising, the ambitious and the talented of the whole Negro world."("Harlem Renaissance") When one thinks of the Harlem Renaissance, one thinks of the great explosion of creativity bursting from the talented minds of African-Americans in the

The Cultural Revolution That Took Place in China

2252 words - 9 pages Overview In the last few years China is quickly becoming the country that has stolen all of the jobs from the United States. Maybe there is something to be gained from looking at how the Chinese people do things and what they view as important. The Cultural Revolution that took place in China greatly changed how the Chinese do things. Starting in 1966 this revolution ended how “Old China” viewed and did things. Mao Zedong had a different

Chaotic Period During the Cultural Revolution in China

2369 words - 9 pages reasons for launching the revolution itself. Roots of the Revolution Most scholars seem to agree on that the roots of the Cultural Revolution lay within the mind of Mao Zedong. Mao had been worried for a long time about the stagnation of the Chinese revolution and the bureaucratization of the Chinese Communist Party, a process that he found just as much a challenge to the proletarian dictatorship as the bourgeoisie. This bureaucratization of

On the Film Title Translation from English into Chinese from the Cultural Differences Aspect

4664 words - 19 pages most influential mass media with large quantities of English film being introduced into China. The film title, as an important part of film, is of informative, expressive and vocative functions and its translation is a challenging job.This paper studies the Chinese translation of English films on the cultural differences aspect. Language and culture are two inseparable twins. Language is a reflection of culture and also part of culture. Culture

Similar Essays

Chinese Cultural Revolution Essay

563 words - 2 pages because they were now targets against a rather communist society. Although the professionals who were put on the list were not eliminated, Mao Zedong made them an exhibit to society. The Cultural Revolution instilled fear in the Chinese people by explicitly accusing them for rejecting communism. He managed to turn the tables and use his power to persuade his followers that these violators weren’t all right. Zedong’s strategic plan to maintain

A 1984 Nightmare During The Chinese Cultural Revolution

3030 words - 12 pages Utopian Ideals and Dystopian DisappointmentsA 1984 Nightmare during the Chinese Cultural RevolutionThe Cultural Revolution in China was a political campaign launched by the Central Committee of the Communist Party on May 16, 1966. It was also the call for a massive purge of China's past and of all influences from abroad. Chinese society in this era reflects the one described in George Orwell's 1984. In both cases, the party in power blames its

A Report Documenting Early 20th Century Chinese History Using The Movie "Farewell My Concubine" And Peking Opera As A Reference Point Of How The Arts Were Affected By The Cultural Revolution

958 words - 4 pages The movie "Farewell, My Concubine" is the story of two Chinese opera actors from the same theatre troupe whose lives are dramatically affected by the sweeping cultural changes that occurred in China during the early 20th century. The movie follows the lives of two actors, Duan Xiaolou and Cheng Dieyi, from the time they enter the troupe as child apprentices to the time of their reunion in 1977 and manages to tell the entire story of 20th century

The Chinese Revolution Essay

767 words - 3 pages social and democratic life virtually collapsed. It was the price that Chinese people had to pay for the political games of their leaders. The Cultural Revolution lasted for several years and its effects were felt well into 1970s. These days the Communist government of China is seeking new ways of improving the economical situation in the country. The communists finally realized that the lack of democracy and freedom would eventually lead China to