The Chinese Post Revolution Economical Development Essay

2499 words - 10 pages

Mao Zedong once stated, “Communism is at once a complete system of proletarian ideology and a new social system. It is different from any other ideological and social system, and is the most complete, progressive, revolutionary and rational system in human history. The ideological and social system of feudalism has a place only in the museum of history. The ideological and social system of capitalism has also become a museum piece in one part of the world (in the Soviet Union), while in other countries it resembles ‘a dying person who is sinking fast, like the sun setting beyond the western hills’, and will soon be relegated to the museum. The communist ideological and social system alone is full of youth and vitality, sweeping the world with the momentum of an avalanche and the force of a thunderbolt.” The Chinese Revolutionary Civil War from 1945-1949 is a very controversial topic to discuss in different aspects of China’s development as a country. However, economically, the Chinese Revolution had a positive impact towards the country’s growth strongly basing on the Soviet model of Economic development.
As World War II came to an end and the Japanese gave up conquering surrounding territory, the Nationalist Party and Communist Party of China began competing for territories and Japanese technology that had been left behind. Although the Communist Party had an advantage because they controlled most of Northern China, where most of the previously Japanese-occupied land resided, the Nationalist Party had the upper hand due to the major help that they were receiving from the United Stated of America including ammunition and troops. Chiang K'ai-shek, the leader of the Nationalist Party, seemed to be winning every battle against Mao Zedong and the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) and even assembled a national assembly which made a new constitution that was ratified on January 1, 1947. The new constitution reiterated the Three People's Principles as the foundation of government, established the government on a five yüan system, and based the entire system on the "four powers of the people": vote, recall, initiative, and referendum. The Nationalists later held a national election for the National Assembly and on April 19, 1948, the National Assembly elected Chiang K'ai-shek as President of China. Of course, by this time, most of the country had sided with the Communist Party of China. The National Army continued to fight the communist Red Army and slowly was beat by this strong army. In the middle of 1949, the National Army just fell apart. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong declared the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. The National government ended up fleeing to Taiwan and from this point on, communist China would be known as the People’s Republic of China. ("Modern China: The Communist Revolution")
Soon after the war was over, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Chen Yun, and Chu Teh, merged power and worked to obtain the confidence of the...

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