This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Decision Of King Philip Ii Of Spain To Send The Armada Against England

2317 words - 9 pages

The Spanish Armada was a giant flotilla of Spanish warships send by the Catholic Spanish King Philip II in 1588. This flotilla was sent to retaliate against England for supporting the piracy and terrorizing of Spanish ships in the Atlantic, and for championing the Netherlands in their revolt against Spain. Philip’s decision to send the Armada was ultimately a result of Queen Elizabeth I’s behavior toward Spain, and the influence of the Church who declared Elizabeth as illegitimate and therefore unfit to rule. The Armada was eventually defeated, resulting in a short-term defeat for Spain, but ultimately, a long-term triumph in the decade after.
Background and context of the events leading to the Spanish Armada
Philip II was co-monarch of England from 1554 until the death of his wife, Queen Mary I of England in 1558. Philip had married Mary to gain authority as a ruler of two world powers. After Mary’s death, Philip proposed to Elizabeth I, Mary’s Protestant half-sister in an attempt to keep his rule in England, but Elizabeth declined. During Philip’s marriage to Mary, the English people were very distrustful of the Spanish-English alliance. They felt that they were treated with contempt and disrespect by Philip. In 1554, King Philip passed the Treason Act of 1554, which made it high treason for anyone to deny Philip’s royal authority. It became a crime punishable by death to “compass or imagine to deprive the King’s majesty from having with the Queen the style, honor, and kingly name, or to destroy the King, or to levy war within this realm against the King or Queen.” (Stephens and Adams 1920) The English people were scared that the Spanish influences, in particular the Spanish Inquisition, would spread to England (Lathbury 1840). Sir Thomas Smith, a protestant English scholar and member of Parliament wrote to Elizabeth to dissuade her from marrying Philip, “and do you not think that if King Philip had been long here, he would not have brought some piece from Spain? If nothing else, at least the Inquisition, as they call it…” (Strype 1820). Therefore, English citizens were observed to speak highly of Elizabeth’s decision not to marry Philip. “Had not our godly, wise, learned, merciful Queen Elizabeth stood in the gap to restore the everlasting word of god unto us? We had (sic) been bond slaves unto the proud, vicious Spaniard.” (Strype 1822)
Despite the poor opinions the English people had of Philip II and the differences of opinion regarding religion, Elizabeth and Philip had a peaceful relationship during the first few years of Elizabeth’s reign. The good relations changed however in the 1560’s with England and Spain competing for high seas commerce. By 1562, England involved herself in the slave trade from Africa. Prior to this, Spain had held a monopoly on the slave trade to America and had reaped enormous profits from it by requiring merchants to bring their slaves through Spanish ports to pay high taxes before selling them to America....

Find Another Essay On The Decision of King Philip II of Spain to Send the Armada Against England

Philip II of Macedonia Essay

2353 words - 9 pages Philip II of Macedonia became king when he was 23 years old in very dire situations in 359 B.C.E. (Sekunda 4). There were threats from barbarians north of Macedonia, and threats from the cunning Greek southern cities (4). Philip had to act quickly to gain control so he needed to create an army (4). He had spent time in Thebes as a hostage and gained military knowledge "from the work of Epaminondas, one of the greatest generals of the day

Philip II of Macedonia Essay

2239 words - 9 pages Philip II of Macedonia became king when he was 23 years old in very dire situations in 359 B.C.E. (Sekunda 4). There were threats from barbarians north of Macedonia, and threats from the Greek southern cities (4). Philip had to act quickly to gain control so he needed to create an army (4). He had spent time in Thebes as a hostage and gained military knowledge from "Epaminondad, one of the greatest generals of the day" ("Philip"). He armed his

Vikings: The first Norman king of England

1036 words - 4 pages -Norse King Sigtrygg II Silkbeard Olafsson of Dublin. King Sigtrygg convinced Brodir of the Isle of Man and Sigurd of Orkney to side with him in the Battle of Clontarf. King Sigtrygg stayed with reinforcements at Dublin while Brodir and Sigurd led the battle that lasted all day. King Brian was killed in the battle, but the Irishmen prevailed and ultimately drove back their enemies into the sea. Sigurd himself was also killed in the battle

The Accomplishments of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain

1769 words - 8 pages Many people have heard of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. However, only some know of all the things they accomplished. They might be best known for funding the voyages of Christopher Columbus, but they also greatly contributed to the unity of Spain (“Isabella l”). Together, they brought many kingdoms on the Iberian Peninsula together to form what Spain is today. Through Spain’s unification, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

The Defeat of the Spanish Armada

620 words - 2 pages England defeated the Spanish Armada near the end of the 16th century. Spain was the largest international ruler of the world. It ruled, colonized or tried to over much of the world. Spanish power has at it's height at this time. Also at this time King Phillip II pledge to conquer the heretics in England and convert them to the Church of Rome. He also had other reasons for conquering England. He disliked Queen Elizabeth I and vowed to kill her.To

The Loss of the Spanish Armada

832 words - 4 pages The loss of the Spanish Armada, off the coast of England in 1588, was a military disaster for the Spanish. Not only did it mean an end for Spanish plans to invade England, but the losses the Spanish suffered, particularly when it came to ships, were extremely expensive to replace. However, while the English did have a hand in defeating the Spanish fleet, it was the weather,that truly destroyed the Spanish Armada. For those Spanish who were

The History of Spain

1896 words - 8 pages five times against the French, and this made Spain a dominant power in northern as well as southern Italy. In 1556 Charles relinquished the Spanish throne to his son, Philip II, who served as ruler during Charles' many absences. The French Wars were ended by the Treaty Cateau-Cambresis in 1559, and thus started the "Golden Age" of culture and art. In 1571, Spain took the lead in the Holy League, which defeated the Turks in the Battle of

The Complex Character of King Richard II

3454 words - 14 pages The Complex Character of King Richard II A general conclusion of most critics is that Richard II is a play about the deposition of a "weak and effeminate" king. That he was a weak king, will be conceded. That he was an inferior person, will not. The insight to Richard's character and motivation is to view him as a person consistently acting his way through life. Richard was a man who held great love for show and ceremony. This idiosyncrasy

The True Legacy of King Leopold II

1398 words - 6 pages The colonial movement in Africa brought wealth and prestige to several European nations from the late 19th century to the mid-20th century. Exploitation of these colonies for financial gain had become an accepted practice in Europe during this time and the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium was no exception. During Leopold’s tenure as sovereign leader of the colony he accumulated a large fortune while the native population was

The Accomplishments of King Leopold II

937 words - 4 pages King Leopold II formed the Congo Free State in 1884 at the Berlin Conference. King Leopold’s goal was to extract as much and as many resources from the CFS as he could. Leopold formed the Force Publique to stop the arab slave trade in upper congo but in actuality the Force Publique was used to maximize production from the workers. The Force Publique was made up of belgian soldiers and mercenaries. Locals were recruited to help the Force Publique

Philip II of Macedon - historical debates concerning the life of KingPhilip of Macedon

2144 words - 9 pages prime example of this comes in the form of the speeches of Demosthenes, a famed Athenian orator known for his anti-Philip sentiment. In his Philippics, a series of speeches intended to stir the Athenians up against Philip, he describes the Macedonian king as '...a liar and deceiver', as well as '... an unscrupulous and clever opportunist...'In contrast, Plutarch's Moralia describes Philip as someone who '...was not only great among kings, but

Similar Essays

King Phillip Ii Of Spain Essay

836 words - 4 pages thing was that England didn’t have to provide military support to Phillip’s fathering any war. They never had any children and Mary died in 1558, two years after Phillip became King of Spain. After Mary’s death the throne was given to Elizabeth I. Phillip didn’t want to break his connection with England so he offered to marry Elizabeth. She didn’t respond. Phillip tried to maintain his peace with England and even defended Elizabeth against the Pope

Discuss The Causes Of The Dutch Revolt Against Spain. What Were The Consequences For The Emerging Power Of England?

518 words - 2 pages THIS WAS LIMITED TO A 1-2 PAGE ESSAY ANSWER (TIMED) FOR A MIDTERM EXAMQuestion:Discuss the causes of the Dutch revolt against Spain. What were the consequences for the emerging power of England?Answer:Although the Low Countries possessed no other identity other than fragmented states that were "owned" (or controlled) by the dukes of Burgundy, and therein, when called upon to send delegates to an estates general, the seeds of collaboration were

Colonization Of Spain, England, And The Holy Roman Empire

967 words - 4 pages In order to understand colonization, it is important to consider the background of the events leading up to colonization. In Spain for instance, the re-conquest of Grenada as well as the search for new trade routes are important events that lead up to colonization. In England, the Civil War between parliament and the monarchy affected colonization as well. The living situation for people in the Holy Roman Empire was deemed not good enough for

Phillip Ii Of Spain Essay

1119 words - 4 pages really respect the decision that Philip II made about allowing William of Orange to rule the colony. It was a very intelligent plan because he would still have the ability to take over the Netherlands at any time but he could focus his attention on other problems that he was encountering in Spain. Unfortunately the taking over of Netherlands was postponed as Philip was now having problems with France and England. This led to the downfall and the