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The Ciivil Rights Activist Rosa Parks: One Goal And One Dream

1448 words - 6 pages

“I refuse!” Rosa Parks was an African American lady who did not move to the back of the bus. She wanted to be treated like a human being. Rosa Parks, who was 42 years old at the time, wanted to make a difference in blacks. She refused to move to the back of the bus, and then started the Montgomery Bus Boycott with Martin Luther King Jr. Eventually, Rosa was a member of the NAACP and acted as a leader to stop segregation in the South.
The civil rights activist, Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Rosa’s childhood brought her early experiences with racial discrimination and activism for racial equality. After her parents separated, Rosa’s mother moved the family to Pine Level, Alabama to live with her parents. Rosa’s mother taught her to read at a young age. When she was younger Rosa attended many segregated schools. In 1929, she attended a laboratory school for secondary education led by the Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes. Then she had to leave school to take care of her mother and grandmother. However, Rosa never returned to her studies; instead, she got a job at a shirt factory in Montgomery. In 1932, at age 19, Rosa met and married Raymond Parks. He was an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Later on, Rosa earned her high school degree in 1933. She soon became actively involved in civil rights issues by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NACCP in 1943.
One day on December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks took a seat on the bus on her way home from the Montgomery Fair department store where she worked as a seamstress. The bus driver demanded her to move back and Rosa refused. She was arrested that day for violating a city law requiring racial segregation of public buses. Her arrest became a turning point which the African American community organized a bus boycott in protest of the discrimination they had endured for years. Rosa and four other blacks were told to move, but Rosa did not listen. When she went to court, Rosa was found guilty and fined ten dollars. After Rosa was convicted under the law, her lawyer filed a notice of appeal. A case was created that was called Browder v. Gayle; racial segregation on public buses was unconstitutional. Rosa said, “I felt determined to take this as an opportunity to let it be known that I did not want to be treated in that manner and that people have endured it far too long”. Rosa was a woman of unchallenged character who was held in high esteem by all those who knew her.
Next, Rosa started the Montgomery Bus Boycott with Martin Luther King Jr. This boycott happened because of what Rosa Parks did and she was determined to turn the world around. Rosa said, “The only thing that bothered me was that we waited so long to make this protest and to let it be known wherever we go that all of us should be free and equal and have all opportunities that others should have”. Rosa and Martin...

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