The City of Rome
The city of Rome was quite spacious. It had a “population of about 1,000,000” (Arnold, Pg. 266). Within the city of Rome, there was a variety of ethnic groups. It was a multi-ethnic cosmopolitan city: Italians from various districts as well as people from Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Judea, Persia, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, Gaul, Germany, Brittania, and elsewhere” (Arnold, Pg. 266). Rome also had five or six different religions. “The entire pantheon of Roman gods, numerous Greek deities, some Asian, Persian and Egyptian deities, the goddess Roma, and the ruler cult” (Arnold, Pg. 266). Rome has three “ports: Ostia, Portus, and Puteoli” (Arnold, Pg. 266). “Rome was the political, economic, and military center enormous Roman empire” (Arnold, Pg. 266). The reason for this is because in the thirteenth period of Paul’s mission in Rome he was able to have his own living place, which was also able to have a plethora of people visit. “He received permission from an official who reported to the praefectus praetorii to stay in rented private quarters (Acts 28:16) that were evidently large enough to receive “large numbers” of visitors (Acts 28:23)” (Schnabel, Pg. 114).
After Paul’s job was done in Rome, he proceeds to Spain. Rome could possibly one of the most important cities that he visited. “Some scholars therefore argue that the release of Paul from Roman custody is a historical fact that should be the basis for any critical reconstruction of the history of the early church” (Schnabel, Pg. 117). For where the location of Spain was in relation to Rome, the traveling was good fro Paul. *“Spain could be easily reached from Rome, with good sailing conditions ships needed only seven days to cover the distance between Ostia, the harbor of Rome, and Spain; an overland journey presented no obstacles either, as there was a developed network of Roman roads in this region” (Schnabel, Pg. 118). “Rome was fifteen miles inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea, along the banks of the Tiber river. Two of the fourteen regions, Circus Maximus and From Romanum, are well known. The perimeter of the city measured just over thirteen miles” (Arnold Pg. 266). “The forum was the hub of the political, religious, and economic life of Rome. Here the Senate building was located as well as the Mamertime prison, where prisoners were kept prior to their executions.
The Colosseum had not yet been built (it was completed in A.D. 80).Throughout the city were numerous temples dedicated to many deities and to the deified Caesars. The palaces of the Caesars were located in the Circus Maximus and crowned the Palatine Hill” (Arnold, Pg. 266). “The Arch of Constantine, which he built to commemorate his military victory in A.D. 312. The Church of St. Peter in Montorio, west of the Tiber, commemorating the area where he was said to have been crucified upside-down” (Arnold, Pg. 267).
A great city such as Rome, did not become great or as big as it was over night. “ancient Rome...