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The Civil Liberties In Relation To The Cold War In The United States

1460 words - 6 pages

Civil liberties can be defined as the basic rights and freedoms of an individual granted to citizens in the United States and the entire world through the national common law or the statute law. The liberties include freedom of association, speech, movement, religious worship, and that from arbitrary arrest. The liberties get to form the roots of democracy in a society. In a dictatorial from of administration, the citizens are denied the rights and freedoms. However, liberties can be described as universal rights and freedoms. During the cold war in 1945 to 1953, the civil liberties got faced by many challenges as the citizens of the US faced and lived in a lot of terror.
The Cold War in ...view middle of the document...

The actions by the Communists also affected the U.S government. This led to the analysis of the federal employees so as to determine their sufficiency and loyalty to the government. Government operatives got to investigate any allegations of the submissive elements in the government so as to reduce the chances of betrayal. The operatives included the US Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and the House Un-American Activities Committee. This helped ease the tension as the Red Scare got to ease in the late 1950’s.
The USSR initially undertook espionage activities in the country with the help of the US citizens especially during the World War two. The Americans’ concerns on communism increased when they heard of the international occurrences concerning the successes of nuclear tests. This led to the citizens live in fear of death and hence they did not usually convene. The Americans were afraid that when in groups they would be east targets for the communists. This led to the citizens having their freedom of expression limited. The citizens could not go to church, mosques, or even temples for they were aware of the communists who tried to instil fear in them.
Considering the fact that the government got to question the citizens and its employees, the citizens were afraid of communicating amongst themselves for they did not also know whom to trust. This led to the limitation of the freedom of speech. The US citizens were at a period where even what was said in the media and written in the papers gone through a lot of scrutiny. During this time communication became something difficult hence violation of the civil right.
As the government tried to curb and control the situation of terror within the country’s boundaries, minimal movement was advocated. With the situation, flights to different parts of the world were restricted for the US government was afraid that the USSR would shoot down the passenger planes in bid of instilling more terror and proving their power. Immigration into the US became complicated for the government was trying to avoid any unexpected surprises. The government limited travelers from all over the world in bid of protecting the citizens. In fear of death, most of the Americans made little or no movements at all for they were afraid of risking their lives. This generally inhibited the freedom of movement. The government after the communists took control of China after the successful testing of a nuclear bomb put the security of the citizens as a priority and hence restricted their movement.
There got to be a period when the Red Scare got to intensify. This led to the political climate turning into a conservative one. The elected government and state officials got in the bid of public portrayal deeming themselves as anticommunists. Doing this at the period of time was a show of hypocrisy. However, few citizens had the guts to question the tactics and actions that they believed were used to persecute the suspected radicals. The membership...

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