This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

1810 words - 7 pages

The latter part of the Civil Rights Movement was characterized by action and change as it was no longer centralized in the South or only fought for by black individuals. Rather, northerners were active in achieving black equality and the white community was campaigning for integration. Although many lost their lives in this struggle, their valiancy did not go unrewarded and soon enough African Americans were able to vote, work, study, and simply eat lunch beside white individuals.

Despite the great efforts put forth during the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 in which the black community and its supporters refused to use public transportation, transport segregation still remained in some southern states. As a result the civil rights group, the Congress on Racial Inequality (C.O.R.E.), began to organize what they called “freedom rides.” In 1961, the group began sending student volunteers on bus trips to test the implementation of new laws prohibiting segregation in interstate travel facilities (Peck, 161). Most notable was a trip they took from Washington, D.C., making stops in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Upon arrival the group was met with violence and brutality from the Ku Klux Klan and others, but this did not deter them from getting their voice heard. In September 1961, the Attorney General petitioned the Interstate Commerce Commission to draft a policy making racial segregation in bus terminals illegal, and in November this was put into effect. The Freedom Riders gave national publicity to the discrimination that black Americans were forced to endure and, in doing so, helped bring about change not only in bus terminals but in the nation as a whole.

One of the groundbreaking events in these decades can be accredited to James Meredith. After applying for admission and going through the necessary preliminaries for acceptance to his home state university, “Ole Miss,” he was denied. On May 31, 1961, he filed suit against the University of Mississippi asserting that he had been rejected on racial grounds (Brooks, 187). Much to the dismay of segregationalists, over a year later, in September 1962, a federal court ordered the University of Mississippi to accept James Meredith. Governor Ross Barnett stated that he would never authorize the integration of the university and, after much rioting and violence, Meredith was accompanied by federal marshals and enrolled on October 1, 1962. Because of his determination and the support he had from the government, James Meredith, a regular man with conventional dreams, made it possible for black individuals to seek a higher education.

Events, such as those mentioned above, provided the Civil Rights Movement with a great deal of publicity and revealed the intense violence that these activists were faced with. Another such series of events took place in Birmingham, Alabama in the spring of 1963. Considered to be the most segregated city in...

Find Another Essay On The Civil Rights Movement

The civil rights movement Essay

626 words - 3 pages . Martin Luther King, Jr., who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States of America.In January, 1957, a meeting of southern black ministers was held in Atlanta, tosee what could be done to continue the baffle against racism and segregation. From thismeeting, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was formed, for thepurpose of expanding non-violent means to end segregation. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was elected as the SCLC's first

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

1705 words - 7 pages The Civil Rights Movement “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” This was a speech by Martin Luther King Jr. Even one hundred years after slavery was banned, African Americans were still being treated unfairly. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most famous leaders of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960’s

The Civil Rights Movement

1662 words - 7 pages The Civil Rights Movement The 13th amendment, passed on the first of January, 1865 abolished slavery throughout America. Although African Americans were considered free after this amendment was approved, they still had a long and arduous struggle to absolute freedom. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was frequently used throughout many of the Southern and Border States. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even

The Civil Rights Movement

2088 words - 8 pages Man-made constitutions once created a society based on hierarchy, separating black from white, Latino from Asian, and rich from poor. Through the significant decades of the 1940s-1960s, America laid the groundwork for civil rights, a movement through which minorities fought for equal opportunity. How could America call itself “land of the free” when only the white man could socially and economically move upward? For minorities, this

The Civil Rights Movement

882 words - 4 pages The 1960’s were a time of freedom, deliverance, developing and molding for African-American people all over the United States. The Civil Rights Movement consisted of black people in the south fighting for equal rights. Although, years earlier by law Africans were considered free from slavery but that wasn’t enough they wanted to be treated equal as well. Many black people were fed up with the segregation laws such as giving up their seats on a

The Civil Rights Movement

1313 words - 5 pages The civil rights movement in the middle of the 20th century marked an important point in the changing of race relations in the United States. Prior to and during the civil rights movement, African-Americans faced legally sanctioned persecution and Jim Crow justice at the hands of white Americans. Peaceful protests and other methods of civil disobedience were often met with aggression and violence from whites. Although legally having the right

The Civil Rights Movement

1535 words - 6 pages Many changes occurred during the late 1950s into the early 1960s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights. Many strides were made for racial equality in the United States. However, while changes were made, they did take a considerable amount of time to achieve. This made some leaders of the civil rights movement frustrated and caused them to divert from their original goal of

The Civil Rights Movement - 3343 words

3343 words - 14 pages During the 1950s and 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement took place. Black citizens of America were all part of a large, organized struggle for justice and equality. The burden of racism became too much to bear and black Americans, tired of waiting for change, joined forces to protest. It is often acknowledged that the nation that was built on the principles of liberty and democracy was the nation that denied certain people their right to those

The Civil Rights Movement - 1642 words

1642 words - 7 pages . This movement was put in place to put a dent in the cities financial policies. As significance, all African-Americans pulled together and stopped using the city buses; as well as, car pulling and walking. (Appleby 824) With the victory of the Montgomery Boycott, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. became a leader of the civil rights movement (Appleby 825). He was a leader that chose to use nonviolent retaliations; such as Mohandas Gandhi, his influencer

The Civil Rights Movement - 1486 words

1486 words - 6 pages unconstitutional in public schools everywhere was an early victory for blacks. In later years the Courts issued several laws that outlawed segregation in other public places not just schools. The Courts decisions were not enough; they needed to be enforced. Many whites in the South simply ignored the new laws. Rosa Parks was also part of an early victory in the civil rights movement. She refused to move to the back of a bus when a white person wanted her

The Civil Rights Movement - 4513 words

4513 words - 18 pages Segregation and The Civil Rights Movement Segregation was an attempt by white Southerners to separate the races in every sphere of life and to achieve supremacy over blacks. Segregation was often called the Jim Crow system, after a minstrel show character from the 1830s who was an old, crippled, black slave who embodied negative stereotypes of blacks. Segregation became common in Southern states following the end of Reconstruction in 1877

Similar Essays

The Civil Rights Movement Essay 1706 Words

1706 words - 7 pages they would name this park ‘White Park’” the young boy thought to himself. When he asked his parents as to why it was not named green, brown, blue, or yellow park, but instead “White Park” they did not want to explain to their young child the ongoing issue of segregation that was going on in their present day world (Watson). The Civil Rights Movement was a movement to fight for the end of segregation between blacks and whites and additionally

The Civil Rights Movement Essay 982 Words

982 words - 4 pages The Civil Rights Movement The 13th amendment, passed on the first of January, 1865 abolished slavery throughout America. Although African Americans were considered free after this amendment was passed, they still had a long and arduous struggle to absolute freedom. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was commonly practiced throughout many of the Southern and Border States. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even

The Civil Rights Movement Essay

2482 words - 10 pages civil rights movement of 1960s adopted platforms that were similar to those that were created by their predecessors. Nonviolent groups advocated passive resistance, which was similar to Washington?s approach because both worked within the system. Black power groups agreed with Du Bois in that they felt Blacks could assert control over their own destiny. Groups like the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and Martin Luther

The Civil Rights Movement Essay 977 Words

977 words - 4 pages The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution form what is known as the Bill of Rights. In essence it is a summary of the basic rights held by all U.S. citizens. However, Negro citizens during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950-70’s felt this document and its mandate that guaranteed the civil rights and civil liberties of all people; were interpreted differently for people of color. The freedoms outlined in the Constitution were