The Civil Rights Movement In America

1152 words - 5 pages

I. Introduction

Segregation was an issue in the past that a lot of the population did not wanted to deal with. Even some presidents did not touch the topic because it could cost them their re-election, but as time went on, the topic of African Americans wanting equality in all aspects of life increased among audiences and since then nothing has been the same.

II. The civil rights movement grows.

African Americans participated and contributed to the outcome of World War II. They were part of the force that fought for justice in the War and when they came back home, they realized their world, from a social point of view, was still the same; this made it look like their efforts weren’t enough. African Americans and other ethnic groups such as Latinos, or Asians proved during WWII that their abilities were part of their great efforts and not just their skin color. The belief that something in society had to be changed lingered in the depths of African Americans, but after WWII, many of those beliefs started to resurface and became part of the push for a reform movement.

Many challenges had to be faced during the Civil Rights movement of the 1950’s; one of those challenges being the case of Brown v. Board of Education, which tested the ruling in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson back in the year 1896 proclaiming segregation to be constitutional as long as it was “separate but equal”. In this particular case, Thurgood Marshall claimed that forcing African Americans to used separate education facilities was violating the 14th Amendment which gave the right of equality to all citizens under the law of the United States.

As the Civil Rights movement continued to grow, it provided more inspiration and made it possible for increasing numbers of people to become more involve. When the Brown v. Board of Education case was successful, schools where beginning to become integrated, but African Americans still faced many challenges such as racial discrimination from white society. Elizabeth Eckford was a high school girl that along with 8 other African American students, with the help of the federal government, confronted many of the white hatred and opposition to her integration into Little Rock Central High. “The little rock nine” as they were called faced this challenge head on, and even thought they were not perfect; they were a great example of bravery.

III. Special people and their contributions to the Civil Rights movement.

Mahatma Gandhi was an important individual that contributed to the Civil Rights movement by becoming part of what influenced Martin Luther King Jr. Gandhi practiced a philosophy of nonviolence; he was the leader of India’s movement towards independence and he proved with his actions that methods of nonviolence were not only intended to be “morally admirable but effective in the real world”. Following the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. modified Gandhi’s idea of civil disobedience to the Civil Rights...

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