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The Civil War 'our Hearts Were Touched With Fire'

2583 words - 10 pages

Civil War pg 1 Abstract The Civil War was fought between 1861-1865. The Confederate states seceded from the Union in 1861. Hence, the Civil War began. The South maintained the upper hand throughout the first half of the war, but the battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863) was the turning point for the North. Confederate General Robert E. Lee got the best of a succession of Union generals in battle before he met defeat at Gettysburg to Union forces under Gen. George Gordon Meade. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, whose genius had been displayed in the Western Theater, then took overall command of Union forces and forced Lee to surrender. President Abraham Lincoln guided the Union throughout the war, freed the slaves and established himself not only as our greatest president but one of the most noble figures in the history of the world.Civil War pg 2 Civil War 'Our Hearts Were Touched With Fire' The Civil War was one of the most brutal wars in American history, even worse for the fact that it was fought brother against brother, father against son, neighbor against neighbor. It was a war that was fought to prevent the United States from being divided in two, an outcome that would have irreparably harmed this great nation.Oliver Wendell Holmes said of his generation, which fought the Civil War, "Our hearts were touched with fire." The Civil War raged from 1861-65 and was THE defining moment for this country. Some 600,000 people were killed, the slaves were freed, the union preserved. It started because the southern states in rebellion desired to be free of federal control, the northern states desired to preserve the Union. It ended up being about slavery, although that's not why it started. There will always be a dispute about that, but President Abraham Lincoln didn't issue his Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves until after the Battle of Antietam on Sept. 17, 1862, and it stated that slaves would be freed only in those Confederate states which refused to rejoin the Union by Jan. 1, 1863. On that date he freed the slaves in the Confederate states, none of which had rejoined the Union, although the proclamation did not apply to such neutral slave-holding states as Kentucky and Delaware. All the slaves in the United States weren't set free until the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment on Dec. 18, 1865 -- after the Civil War.Following the election of Lincoln as President on Nov. 6, 1860, seven states withdrew from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America on Feb. 9, 1861. The Civil War began when Confederate troops fired on Union troops at Fort Sumter in the harbor at Charleston, S.C., on April 12, 1861. Lincoln declared war on the Confederate States on July 4, 1861.The war engulfed the country for the ensuing four years. The principal struggles occurred in the Eastern Theater -- in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania -- although major battles also were fought in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia and South Carolina. The main...

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