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The Classical Liberalism Essay

1096 words - 5 pages

Introduction

The Classical liberalism theory mainly emphasis is sited on shielding the freedom of the individual by restricting the power of the government. Classical liberalism is a wide philosophy of politics, economics, and human society that upholds individual freedom and the acknowledgement of universal human dignity. The most important features of The classical liberalism theory is consist of the following beliefs: All human beings have intrinsic dignity and worth, all individuals have intrinsic natural rights; including right to live, liberty, pursuit of happiness, and property ownership, social arrangements and governments are human constructs; their justification is the establishment of order, to promulgate justice, and to guard and enhance natural rights. Despite the fact that human being are equal in rights and dignity, our disparity in talents, interests and other qualities is a valid and essential characteristic of the human condition. Hence, classical liberalism counters leftist efforts to compel equalization of condition or result (Goodman, 2004).

In addition, the Classical Liberalism put emphasize on limited government, free market economics, and the rule of law. It views the International Political System as Non-Hobbesian anarchy. Classical Liberalism theory did not believe that government created individual rights ‘in a moral sense’, but rather that moral rights existed completely independent of government. Thomas Jefferson called these rights "inalienable rights" and indicative of the classical liberal belief that rights do not come from the law, but that the law serves to guard natural individual rights. And government exists to protect those moral rights, ensured by a constitution that defends individual autonomy from other individuals and governmental power and private property.

It’s main actor in International Political System
From the Classical Liberalism point of view the main actors in the international political system are not only the states but also the non- state actors such as the United Nation and International Non-Governmental Organizations. According to liberalism point of view alongside the states there is a global community that operates and co-operates. Classical Liberalism also believe in attaining a constructive cooperation among states from their point of view, the chances of achieving a high level of cooperation among states and trade and commerce are extremely high because in their view trade has no boundaries.
The Classical Liberalism views of War and Peace
It starts from the principle that not war and violence, but peace, is the key aspect in achieving stability and prosperity. Moreover, what alone allows mankind to move forward and distinguishes human from the animals is social cooperation. It is labor alone that is productive it makes capital or wealth and therewith lays the outward groundwork or basis for the inner flourish of human. According to Classical Liberalism war only devastates, it...

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