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The Claw Hand Diease Essay

1394 words - 6 pages

Tradition has it that Dupuytren’s Contracture originated with the Vikings, who spread it throughout Northern Europe and beyond as they traveled and intermarried. At this time, scientists are not sure why the Viking origin predisposes people to suffer more from Dupuytren’s compared to non-Vikings. {First citation} It is estimated that, in70% of cases, people have a predisposition to Dupuytren’s. There is no known screening procedure such as DNA, laboratory tests or other diagnostic tests. It is hoped one day with the assistance, of DNA scientists will come up with a screening test for the living patient and the unborn child.
Baron Guillaume Dupuytren (October 5th, 1777 – February 8th 1835) was a French anatomist and military surgeon.He is best known today for Dupuytren's contracture, which is named after him and which he described in 1831, However, he was not the first to describe it. {Second citation}

Dupuytren’s affects both ordinary and well known people. Some famous people who suffer from Dupuytren’s include:
• Bill Nighy, who is well known for his appearances with Johnny Depp in Pirates of the Caribbean.
• Samuel Beckett, the acclaimed Irish playwright, who acted in Waitipng for Godote.
• President Reagan, who was one of the most prominent individuals to contract the disease.
• Margaret Thatcher, Former British Prime Minister, Who at the age of 60 she had surgery on her right hand to release her contracture.
• David McCallum, who acted on the TV spy series The Man from U.N.C.L.E. And more recently as Dr. Donald "Duckie" Mallard on NCIS.
• Misha Dichter World famous classical pianist who first noticed symptoms of Dupuytren’s when he could no longer stretch his hand to reach all the keys.
Twenty seven million people in the United States and Europe are affected by Dupuytren's 50% of all cases involve only one hand. It is extremely rare that the feet are involved. Women get Dupuytren's less often than men.They often get a less astringent form of the disease; it may simply be under-reported or not descried until later in life. The development of Dupuytren's contracture is usually very slow over a long period. It may begin as a small tender lump in the palm. There is also abnormal thickening of tough tissue in the palm and fingers. Tight bands that may cause any of the fingers to bend towards the palm are present. However, the ring and small fingers are most commonly affected. When fingers become bent, they may well interfere with the use of the hand and may or may not be bothersome for years. Depending on the cruelty of the disease the person may lose the ability to accomplish activities of daily independent living, such as shaking hands, putting things in the in pockets zipping up clothing, typing on a keyboard, and opening the door. These are examples of daily activities everyone does every day and takes for granted because they have use of their hands. The people with Dupuytren’s find it difficult, if not impossible, to do...

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