The Coastal Defences At Reculver Essay

1733 words - 7 pages

In Roman times St. Mary's Church was built with Twin Towers as part of
the building. Originally the church was 3kms away from the sea but as
the cliff was eroded it eventually became next to the see. There was a
danger the cliff under the Twin Towers and therefore the Twin Towers
themselves would be destroyed by erosion. To stop this happening many
coastal defences and different types of management have been erected.

The initial try at coastal management was in 1809. Wooden and ragstone
blocks were place at the foot of the Twin Towers to protect them. The
apron of rocks (revetment) sheltered the cliff foot and face. A small
number of wooden groynes were also put on to the beaches on both sides
of the Towers to preserve the shingle beach and therefore using the
shingle beach as a defence.

Then after the devastating floods in 1953, in which North Kent was
badly affected, a lot of building of hard defences to minimise the
risk of more floods and the damage that is associated with them. A
straight concrete sea wall from Reculver to Minnis Bay near Margate,
4.5 kms long, was built. The sea wall protected the low-lying farmland
and in addition to this the railway that links Ramsgate and London. A
smaller recurved concrete sea wall was built west of the Towers to
avert flooding at Reculver. Additional wooden groynes were sited on
the beaches to delay longshore drift and maintain the shingle beaches,
which itself is a defence. In the 1960s the houses at Bishopstone Glen
were in danger of being destroyed because the soft clay and sandstone
cliffs underneath them were so unstable. As a result another sea wall
was built, this time underneath the cliffs. Plus an extra line of
wooden groynes was constructed to protect the sea wall by save even
more of the shingle beach. As well as this the clay layer was regraded
so it had a less steep slope. This stops the cliff sliding and drains
put in to take away excess water. Grass and other types of vegetation
were planted so that the roots secure the surface together. A
monitoring system was also set up to detect movements in the cliff.

In the 1980s the coastal management schemes at Bishopstone Glen were
extended. As there is a protected area, S.S.S.I. (Site of Special
Scientific Interest), a less discordant approach was needed. The sea
wall was not harmonious so instead of extending it, a layer of riprap,
was placed there to absorb the energy of the waves. The cliff top was
graded and grassed over again to avoid any more slumps in the clay
layer.

In 1995 the Environment Agency and Canterbury City Council spent £4.5
million upgrading the coastal defences at Reculver. A beach
nourishment scheme had already started; shingle was brought in by
lorry and put on the beach each winter. The wooden groynes were in a
poor state and were replaced with...

Find Another Essay On The Coastal Defences at Reculver

Final Project: Mitigation Strategies and Solutions

2015 words - 8 pages The Costs of Coastal DevelopmentAxia College of University of PhoenixIn the world today we suffer from many environmental issues, and many are directly brought on by the human race. The problem is that most of the issues are from unintentional actions; they are simply the result of the growth and expansion of our population. The population is always growing, and more recurrently people are moving to the coasts. Along with migration to the...

Deception, Advantage, and D-Day: World War II

2592 words - 10 pages According to Sun Tzu’s book, The Art of War, he states, “All war is based on deception” (“D-Day as a Parable”). The Allied Invasion of Normandy, code named Operation Overlord, on June 6, 1944, was considered the most decisive and deceptive battle in Western Europe between the Allied and the Axis powers. The Allies were led by Britain, France, and the United States in the Western front and the Soviet Union in the Eastern front. The Axis powers...

How Climate Change Affects the Developing World.

828 words - 3 pages The human race is the main cause of the current global climate change. To make our lives easier and more luxurious we do things that give off Greenhouse Gases which end up affecting us for the worse, not for the better.Some examples of this are found below:Bangladesh is threatened by coastal flooding and is densely populated so the results could be very destructive and endanger many lives.Ninety five percent of Egypt's...

The Loss of Coastal Wetlands

733 words - 3 pages The Loss of Coastal Wetlands This paper introduces the environmental concerns of the loss of coastal wetlands. The paper will discuss the significance of wetlands and the devastation that is occurring because of human activity. Wetlands are an essential element of our environment both ecological and societal; conservation will be essential for the preservation of these precious ecosystems. Globally coastal wetlands are disappearing at an...

Marine and Coastal Ecosystems Degradation

1414 words - 6 pages The ocean still remains as one of the important natural resource capital of many nations. The numerous benefits (food, climate regulation, nutrients recycling, etc) particularly the quality of life derived from marine and coastal areas have raised global concern for the adoption of sustainable strategies that will ensure the existence of marine and coastal areas in its natural state with less impact caused by externalities. The natural structure...

Drinking Water Pollution and the Earth's Rising Sea Level

1249 words - 5 pages Water is one of the basic foundational units of life. It is very easy to take it for granted; after all, it does make up three-quarters of the total global surface. It has no taste, no smell, and no color. When considered on the most basic level, it is not very exciting or stimulating at all. Its simplicity is infinitely remarkable, yet it is indispensable to the perpetuity of all life forms here on Earth. So why has it taken so long for us to...

Investigating if Dawlish Warren is Under Threat of Human Impact

5747 words - 23 pages Investigating if Dawlish Warren is Under Threat of Human Impact My investigation aims to find out if Dawlish Warren is threaten by human impacts and marine processes and are these affecting the ecological and economical value of Dawlish Warren. I will put to test Butlers Model and see if it applies to Dawlish Warren. I will also look at the other side of the argument and see the effect of management in Dawlish Warren...

Defences for Murder

911 words - 4 pages Defences for Murder There are only three partial defences for murder; suicide pact, provocation-the loss of self control and reaction must be instantaneous and diminished responsibility. Amongst the three mentioned two are most frequently used, these are provocation and diminished responsibility, and only one full defence, self defence. These defences are used to reduce the sentence charge by the defendant to...

How Natural Processes Operate at Coastal Geographic Environment

1013 words - 4 pages How Natural Processes Operate at Coastal Geographic Environment Natural Processes are actions or events that have natural causes, which result in natural events. The three main coastal environment processes that operate at Muriwai are Coastal Erosion, Coastal Transportation and Coastal Deposition. The elements that interact to produce natural processes are wind, waves and tides. Each phenomenon at Muriwai's coastal geographic environment has...

Global Warming

1317 words - 5 pages GLOBAL WARMING Global warming is an ever increasing problem. Through our careless pollution of the Earth's atmosphere, disruptions are apparent world wide. This essay will focus on what effects global warming will have on the UK in the not too distant future. Will the...

Automatism, Insanity and Diminished Responsibility

1823 words - 7 pages A defence in criminal law arises when conditions exist to negate specific elements of the crime: the actus reus when actions are involuntary, the mens rea when the defendant is unaware of the significance of their conduct, or both. These defences will mitigate or eliminate liability from a criminal offence. Insanity, automatism and diminished responsibility are examples of said defences. They each share characteristics but can be...

Similar Essays

Determine Which Of The Areas Along Toronto's Shoreline Is At The Greatest Risk For Coastal Erosion.

4124 words - 16 pages IntroductionErosion of coastlines and beaches is a problem that can impact any settlement or city located near a body of water. In both the long and short run, coastal erosion can have enormous detrimental impacts on an area, in terms of both geography and economics. This issue is important the world over, as more than half the world's population lives within two hundred kilometers of a coastline (Committee). As a result, there are more...

North Norfolk Coast Case Study

851 words - 3 pages GCSE Geography Controlled AssessmentAnia VinogradovQuestion: To what extend is geology the main influence on the distinctive coastal landforms at the North Norfolk Coast? North Norfolk CoastThe North Norfolk coastline (NCC) is distinctive and unique from other coasts around the UK as its landforms are mainly influenced by geological history and erosion. Geodiversity (defined as the...

Tourism's Impact On The Hengistbury Head And Mudeford Spit Area

4805 words - 19 pages Tourism's impact on the Hengistbury Head and Mudeford Spit Area Hypothesis The hypothesis that my group have chosen to investigate is: "Tourism has impacted along the Hengistbury Head and Mudeford Spit area. This has resulted In more coastal problems." Throughout this piece of coursework, I will gather information from sources to either agree, or disagree with my chosen hypothesis. These are the...

Comparing And Contrasting Regions Of Texas

865 words - 3 pages There are many similarities and differences in a state as large as Texas. The state is divided into 4 geographic regions: Mountains & Basins, the Great Plains, the North Central Plains, and the Coastal Plains. Even in these regions there are enough differences for subdivisions. The Great Plains is divided into the Llano Basin, Edwards Plateau, and the High Plains. The North Central Plains is also divided into 3 sub-regions: Grand Prairie,...