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The Code Of Hammurabi Essay

917 words - 4 pages

2Freyre1FreyreAnthony FreyreProfessor ChuHIS-101-019H3 October 2014The Code of HammurabiThere have been many bodies of laws created and implemented into various civilizations throughout the course of history. The Code of Hammurabi is one of the most well known bodies of laws of all developed around 1792 B.C.E. by King Hammurabi of Babylon during his rule. The need for a civil society and the classical ideas of authority in the Old Babylonian Empire lead to the development and publication of these laws. "The Code is considered the first important legal code known to historians for its comprehensive coverage of topics and widespread application" (Nagarajan). The examination of the Code of ...view middle of the document...

This is why the development of the two hundred eighty two laws came about in the Code of Hammurabi and why the civilization was so stable and powerful.The Code of Hammurabi is the longest surviving text from the Old Babylonian period. From the Code, it can be perceived that structure and values of the Babylonian Empire was very important. In Martha T. Roth's, Law Collections from Ancient Mesopotamia and Asia Minor, the Code of Hammurabi is described and some of its two hundred eighty two laws are displayed in the text. The laws are inscribed on an eight-foot column made of basalt with the depiction of the Babylonian king, Hammurabi, being granted with jurisdiction by Shamash who is the god of justice (Nagarajan). Below this are the inscriptions of the law codes written in cuneiform. Each of the inscribed laws begins and ends with descriptions of the faithfulness of Hammurabi to the gods, his plans on diplomacy, as well as his obligations as king of Babylon. These pronouncements covered such subjects as slander, trade, slavery, the duties of workers, theft, food and many other subject matters. This is an early example of a fundamental law regulating the government of one of the earliest complex urban society of the ancient world. Roth's text gives good insight on ideas and...

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