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The Cold War And Decolonization Essay

1869 words - 8 pages

After the tragic events of World War II, the Cold War represented how the two superpowers were in a fight in order to gain more territory. The Soviet Union wanted European countries to abide by communism while the United States were trying to prevent the spread of communism and enforce democracy. However, the Soviets took control of the eastern half of Europe and the United States controlled the western side. Communism is a one-party dictatorship where the government controls economic and political decisions which is based on a five year plan. On the other hand, democracy is where the People elect the president and are protected under the rule of law. From 1947 to 1991, the cold war took ...view middle of the document...

In 1948, an Indian man was angered by this unity and assassinated Gandhi in order to disrupt the religions coming together. In addition, the post-war era led to China to become divided into two nations as related to India and Pakistan.
Since Japan’s huge defeat in World War II, the country desired to gain their territory back from China. The Nationalist Party, also called Guomindang government, and the Communist Party temporarily became allies in order to prevent Japan from attacking China as noted above. Although, both parties wanted to have political power which later initiated a civil war due to different ideologies. Chiang Kai-Shek, leader of the Guomindang, wanted to name China as the Republic of China to follow the constitution while Mao Zedong, leader of the Communist Party, wanted his forces to gain territories. The United States attempted to financially aid the Nationalist Party in order to prevent communism to expand. Due to the Communist Party becoming too powerful for the Nationalist, Chiang Kai-Shek relocated to an island in Taiwan, also known as the Republic of China, to become aided by the United States. In 1949, Mao took over Chinese mainland and renamed it The People’s Republic of China. Conversely, Stalin became livid once he heard that there was another form of communism not under his direct control, but Mao refused to be controlled by the USSR. To avoid a conflict in the future, the two countries signed the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance to ensure economic assistance from the USSR to the PRC and nonintervention in domestic affairs.
During World War II, Germany controlled France and supervised its Asian Colonies which included Vietnam. Vietnam wanted to gain its independence from France after the failed attempt at guerilla warfare against the Japanese. Also, Great Britain wanted Vietnam to gain its independence since they freed their colonies. Ho Chi Minh, leader of Vietnam, established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. In return, the French declared the First Indochina War a year later. From 1946 to 1954, Vietnam was utilized as a battleground for the French to contain the nationalist movement. However, Ho Chi Minh was a communist leader and the allies had doubts that he would establish a democratic state in Vietnam. When the containment policy was put in place, the United States aided France to stop the spread of communism. Though, Mao gave military support to Minh in order to magnify communism. Vietnam defeated France in which they were forced to negotiate to form an independence agreement.
Since the Baltour Declaration was enacted in 1917, Jewish were able to immigrate to Palestine to signify their homeland. However, the Arabs were furious that Great Britain allowed for this to happen. In 1945, six Arab countries formed the regional intergovernmental organization to establish an Arab homeland to support one another politically and economically and to remove the Jews from...

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