It’s Getting Hot in Here:
The Cold War’s Not So Cold Affect on United States Foreign Policy
AP United States History
May 24, 2014
The events of The Second World War launched the world’s nations headfirst into a period of united social consciousness unprecedented in world history. Human Rights became a main topic in global discussion and were embraced and enforced largely by the newly formed United Nations. The passing of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights showcased democracy as a core value of the UN and highlighted the importance of self-determination. As one of the most powerful countries in the United Nations, the ...view middle of the document...
Actions taken by America during the Cold War were to ensure control of the land would not go to communist rulers. Putting the nations under communist rule would take the oil out of the trading world and damage the economy greatly. In order to prevent oil fields from being taken over by communist leaders, the United States thought up some unorthodox plans. Under President Truman, top secret plans were created to sabotage Middle East Oil fields if the Soviet Union attempted to gain control of them. Though the plans to blow up and plug oil wells were never carried out, the fact that they were ever an option only furthers the idea that the United States cared more about their financial status as leading nation than furthering human rights. The US would destroy an entire area’s livelihood just to keep it out of communist grasps and in the global market.
That was not the only instance where America acted under the guise of helping the Middle East, while really only benefitting itself. In 1949 the CIA ousted Syrian President Quwatli. This coup d’etat aimed to rid Syria of their elected President who had helped his country gain independence (though he did nothing to stop communist political parties from forming). The US carried out this coup because they feared his resistance to allow a US oil pipeline to pass through Syria along with his indifference to growing communist parties meant that Syria was likely to cut any ties from the US and become a communist nation. The CIA implemented a man, Husni al-Zaim, into power and he was very agreeable with the plans that Quwatli had previously shot down. He helped the US by allowing the oil pipeline and pushing down the growing communist parties. This did not end well for the US, however, Zaim too was ousted in a coup and Syria fell into a cycle of officials coming into power only to be...