This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Cold War. Denoting The Open Yet Restricted Rivalry That Developed Between The United States And The Soviet Union And Their Respective Allies

2504 words - 10 pages

IntroductionWhen World War II in Europe finally came to an end on May 7, 1945, a new war was just beginning. The Cold War: denoting the open yet restricted rivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies, a war fought on political, economic, and propaganda fronts, with limited recourse to weapons, largely because of fear of a nuclear holocaust. This term, The Cold War, was first used by presidential advisor Bernard Baruch during a congressional debate in 1947. Intelligence operations dominating this war have been conducted by the Soviet State Security Service (KGB) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), representing the two power blocs, East and West respectively, that arose from the aftermath of World War II. Both have conducted a variety of operations from large scale military intervention and subversion to covert spying and surveillance missions. They have known success and failure. The Bay of Pigs debacle was soon followed by Kennedy's deft handling of the Cuban missile crisis. The decisions he made were helped immeasurably by intelligence gathered from reconnaissance photos of the high altitude plane U-2. In understanding these agencies today I will show you how these agencies came about, discuss past and present operations, and talk about some of their tools of the trade.Origin of the CIA and KGBThe CIA was a direct result of American intelligence operations during World War II. President Franklin D. Roosevelt recognized the need to coordinate intelligence to protect the interests of the United States. In 1941, he appointed William J. Donovan to the head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) with headquarters in London. Four departments made up the OSS: Support, Secretariat, Planning, and Overseas Missions. Each of these departments directed an array of sections known as 'operation groups'. This organization had fallen into the disfavor of many involved in the federal administration at this time. This included the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), J. Edgar Hoover, who did not like competition from a rival intelligence organization. With the death of Roosevelt in April of 1945, the OSS was disbanded under Truman and departments were either relocated or completely dissolved.Soviet intelligence began with the formation of the Cheka, secret police, under Feliks Dzerzhinsky at the time of the revolution. By 1946, this agency had evolved into the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), and the Ministry of State Security (MGB) both ruled by Lavrenti Beria. This man was undoubtedly the most powerful man in the Soviet Union with a vast empire of prison camps, and informants to crush any traces of dissent. Of considerable importance to Beria was the race for the atomic bomb. The Soviet Union and the United States both plundered the German V-2 rocket sites for materials and personnel. In 1946 the MVD was responsible for the rounding up of 6000 scientists from the Soviet zone of...

Find Another Essay On The Cold war. Denoting the open yet restricted rivalry that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies

The Soviet Union During the Cold War

1031 words - 4 pages received quickly.” In the daily life, a router basically operates the same way as post offices. Both receive packets, analyze the addresses and then send them forward to the correct destinations. All of this process makes the transportation of information faster and secure on a wide network. There are speculations whether the Internet was a product of military defense against the Soviet Union during the Cold War or was just a development of an idea

The Causes of the End of the Cold War and the Fall of the Soviet Union

819 words - 3 pages with Ronald Reagan by signing the INF (intermediate Nuclear Forces Arm Limitation) treaty in 1987. This treaty was a treaty between the Soviet Union and U.S.A. which stated that they both most dispose of all their nuclear missiles. That was how Gorbachev caused the Cold War to come to an end. Gorbachev also was voted to be the executive president of a new Congress of People’s Deputies in 1989. This new congress was created to end the communist

Space Competition Between the United States and Soviet Russia

980 words - 4 pages Throughout history there has been war, conflict, and competition. Usually this is destructive, however not in the instance of the space race. This was a competition between the United States and Soviet Russia to as one can easily guess, space. It was of course more complicated than this, it began just after the end of the cold war, and the competitiveness was not quite gone between the countries when Russia announced they would begin a space

Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union

888 words - 4 pages Thousands of men enlisted and were sent to fight during World War II. However, many people are unaware of the role that women played in the war, not only in taking over the jobs that would have previously belonged to men at home, but also in combat. D’Ann Campbell’s article “Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union” explores this topic. Campbell argues that the role of women

Account for the collapse of the Soviet Union and the ending of the Cold War.

3047 words - 12 pages Account for the collapse of the Soviet Union and the ending of the Cold War. Was the main reason for the collapse: (a) the rise of a new, youthful leadership cadre, (b) the USA's Strategic Defence Initiative ('Star Wars') (c) the expense of maintaining Soviet allies (d) some other factor(s)?The end of the WWII marked the beginning of the cold war. The conflicts between the Capitalist bloc led by United States (US) and the Communist bloc led by

The United States and the Beginning of the Cold War

2373 words - 9 pages The United States and the Beginning of the Cold War a) There were three cracks evident between the US-Soviet relationship. America and Russia argued about the opening of a second front against Germany. Stalin’s plans where that America and Britain invade western Europe so the Russian Red Army gets stronger and pressure on them is relieved. Roosevelt promised a second front by the time of 1942, but the delay of plans

The Cold War and The United States Foreign Policy

963 words - 4 pages , the United States’ desire to keep Most Powerful Nation status influenced hypocritical actions in regards to democracy, especially in its involvement in the Middle East. The Cold War created an extremely powerful rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.The two nations were battling on nearly every front except actual battlefields. The fight for control over lands in the Middle East was a particularly important aspect of their

Cold War Between Two Powerhouse - U.S. and Soviet Union

1066 words - 5 pages Yessenia Morales-Sanchez 3/20/14 History 17C Final Paper Roark, James L. The American Promise: A History of the United States. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008. Print. The Cold War was a period of economic, political and military tension between the United States and Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991. After the Second World War, United States and the Soviet Union became the two most powerful countries of the time. They were rivals in which

The Alliance Between China and the Soviet Union

1594 words - 6 pages The alliance between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Soviet Union was formed as a result of mutual interests and the desire of both states to pursue their respective national and geopolitical imperatives. Although Chinese historical experience and Marxist ideology played a role in constructing these interests, the actions of the Chinese Community Party (CCP) reflect an overarching proclivity toward solidifying their power and

Soviet Union and United States Relations: War in Vietnam

2290 words - 9 pages Untitled Soviet Union and United States Relations: War in Vietnam The communist beliefs began in 1848, when Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote a book called The Communist Manifesto. This book defined the beliefs of communism, along with portraying the natural evolution of a communist utopia from a

European Union Military And The United States

6431 words - 26 pages full membership in 2004. However, it is also highly possible that further conflicts will break out, and losses in the Balkans would likely lead to a questioning of involvement there and possibly reduced enthusiasm for common defense arrangements within the European Union.Another key policy goal pursued by the United States in the post Cold War period has been the involvement of Russia in the affairs of Western Europe. With the Soviet Union now

Similar Essays

What Were The Sources Of The Emerging Cold War Between The United States And The Soviet Union, And What Key Events In Germany Brought The Two Sid

679 words - 3 pages Q8: What were the sources of the emerging Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and what key events in Germany brought the two sides to the brink of confrontation? Despite having been allies during World War II, shortly afterwards in the late 1940s the United States and the Soviet Union found themselves in a new type of war. A war against one another. The period was known as The “Cold War”, which was a rivalry between the two

The Cold War And The Collapse Of The Soviet Union

2444 words - 10 pages decreased the USSR’s control over nuclear energy. In the 1970s, the continuation of the growing influence of nuclear power led to peace talks between Soviet Union and the United States. With the overwhelming amount of money flowing into the efforts and the continued lack of action between these superpowers, the United States and the Soviets established a détente or a time of pause. The acronym MAD or “mutually assured destruction” was developed after

Relationship Between The United States And The Soviet Union: Five Significant Meetings Between The Giants.

1552 words - 7 pages Despite the unsuccessful past during the Cold War years between the United States and the Soviet Union, President Ronald Reagan and his counterpart the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev during the 1980s should have focused on bright future by reducing the nuclear arms, because having a partnership, friendship and the common goal will move two nations toward success. On 1985, in an effort to improve

Who Is To Blame For The Cold War, Soviet Union Or United States?

1411 words - 6 pages The Cold War was the elongated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It was a clash of these supergiants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. The conflict in ideologies between capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the