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The Cold War Essay

1151 words - 5 pages

The Cold War was an interesting time period for the world, seeing that it was after one of the biggest and most memorable wars ever. Yet, it was a different type of war. One that no one had ever seen before, it was a war without fighting (kind of). It was a war fought in between the USSR and the United States. Each side also included their allies: the US had NATO and the USSR had the Warsaw pact. The timeframe of this war was from 1947 to 1991. Despite the fact that this war is one of the longest in our history, I have chosen three main points that I think are vital for understanding the Cold War.
Before when I said that this war took place without any fighting between the sides, I wasn’t ...view middle of the document...

It all started when the US dropped the two atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The US saw this as a defensive move to prevent any future conflicts with the Japanese however the Soviets saw it very differently. They saw it as the US trying to prove its might to them and to make them seem inferior. Thus the build-up of weapons of mass destruction began. Another term for the great build-up during that time was the arms race. It consisted of both the US and the USSR stockpiling as many nuclear or atomic weapons as they could produce. There was really no point to this other than to defend themselves in case the other one launched something at them however, neither side would dare do that because they knew that it would cause worldwide destruction and it would mean the end of them both. This is why this war got the name Cold War. Today we can still see these weapons that were created so long ago. Recently there has been much discussion over how we can safely limit or even decrease the number of nuclear weapons that a country has in its disposal in order to provide a safer world free from constant threats of nuclear war.
All we have talked about so far is what happened during the Cold War but we haven’t talked about why. When you closely examine it, it all boils down to one cause. Capitalism versus Communism. These two forms of government and two lifestyles are as opposite as water and oil. Communism is defined on as a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole of to the state. Capitalism is defined on as an economic system in which investment and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth. As one can see, within the definition alone, there are clear differences between the two forms of government and economic systems. Some examples of how the Soviet’s communism is different from the American’s capitalism deal with elections, types of government, and...

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