This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Cold War From 1950 1980 Essay

2610 words - 10 pages

The Cold War from 1950-1980
The period of 1950 to 1980 saw the Cold War spread from the
traditional playing field of Europe to other parts of the world.
However it is quite clear that the USA and the Soviet Union played
only a marginal role in originating these conflicts-at the most
setting up the basic framework for it to occur. Furthermore, when they
did get involved they each did so to varying degrees. The USA seemed
to be much more motivated and interested in involving themselves,
while the Soviet Union was more apprehensive. Therefore, to say that
both superpowers “were reluctantly drawn into them (the conflicts)” is
not completely true. To illustrate my point I will analyse the Korean
and Vietnam wars.

There is strong evidence to suggest that US entered the Korean War
fairly voluntarily. Firstly, the US was motivated by strong security
interests. They misperceived the North’s invasion to be Soviet
instigated and an attempt to spread communist ideology into Asia. Thus
they felt they had to do something to prevent this spread of communism
from materialising. There were two reasons for this. Firstly, US
feared that if Korea fell to the communist it would be, as then
Secretary of State put it, “a dagger pointed at the heart of Japan”.
Japan was very important to the USA as it was their bastion of
capitalism and democracy in Asia. To lose it, would be a major blow to
the USA and thus they did not wish to risk endangering it. To quote
Mark. S Byrnes:

“The United States saw the move (North Korean invasion) as potentially
damaging to Japan’s security, and the former enemy had become the
centre of American policy in Asia once the communists triumphed in

Secondly, the US were also under the impression that the Soviet Union
was winning the war. This was due to mainly two reasons-the fact that
by 1939, the Soviet Union had tested their first atomic bomb thus
breaking the USA’s nuclear monopoly and the loss of China to the
communist. As the Cold War was commonly described as a zero-sum game,
the way US saw it, they could not afford to lose anymore territories -
such as Korea. Truman was also under much fire back at home for not
intervening significantly in China and thus he saw the Korean War as a
perfect opportunity to redeem himself. As Geir Lunstead noted:

“The domestic political situation in the United States further
undermined the original stance of the Truman administration. Verbal
assaults for having ‘lost China’ to the communists became steadily
harsher. In February, Senator Joseph McCarthy had begun his attacks on
communist influence within the administration. If South Korea fell,
too, that would undoubtedly sharpen the tone even further, just a few
months before Congressional elections.”[2]

Thus the fact that US had much to gain from...

Find Another Essay On The Cold War from 1950-1980

The United States from 1865 to 1950

1239 words - 5 pages The United States changed dramatically from 1865 to 1950. Many changes occurred in industrialization, foreign affairs, government, as well as in society and culture. The events that took place within this time period helped shape this country into what it is today. Industrial development began with the railroad, with the help of Republican governments, who provided subsidies, loans and tax exemptions to railroad corporations. Over 52,000

The Cold War Essay

2556 words - 10 pages same time. Socialism undermines capitalism because it is about working for the good of the people instead of working for the good of oneself. Capitalism is about working for oneself instead of the good of the people, the extreme opposite of socialism.The period between 1945 and 1950 was a time of rebuilding war torn countries. What happened during this period set the foundation for most of the Cold War. It was the start of the Marshall Plan, the

The cold war

2499 words - 10 pages ) points out that each leader of the satellite countries who was suspected to try to take over the control of his country from the USSR's influence, at the image of Marshal Tito in Yugoslavia, was immediately dismissed. But a significant number of countries decided not to take part to the Cold War. Instead these states who had recently recovered their independence further to the decolonisation elaborated the Third World during the conference of

The Cold War

1472 words - 6 pages Soviet Union and the United States, which would be the beginning of the end for the Cold War. By 1987 Reagan and Gorbachev would remove all nuclear missiles in Europe, and in 1988 the Soviets would withdraw from Afghanistan (Edwards, Henretta, and Self 970). Reagan would renew the policy of détente to let Gorbachev initiate his domestic reforms, and Eastern Europe would rise and overthrow their communist governments through the peaceful "Velvet

The Cold War

1028 words - 4 pages had been kept in the dark from Franklin Delano Roosevelt (the current President) about military and foreign objectives. Having to deal with the onset of the Cold War, Truman was also confused and felt inadequate. He managed to anger almost everyone including liberals and conservatives, farmers, consumers, and union members (Norton 788). It definitely did not help that from 1949 to 1950 bad things kept happening to the United

the cold war

540 words - 2 pages The Cold War, often dated from 1947 to 1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the Eastern Bloc, dominated by the Soviet Union along with the Warsaw Pact. This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and

the cold war

1111 words - 4 pages brutal dictators, such as General Augusto Pinochet in Chile, as long as they were not communists. Domestically speaking the Cold War led to the election of anti-communist presidents such as Truman, Kennedy, Nixon, and Reagan. In addition to battling the Soviets politically and culturally, these presidents waged economic warfare with the Soviet Union.The Korean War began in June 1950, when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations (UN

The Cold War

1427 words - 6 pages The Cold War In November 17, 1917 the during the October revolution Lenin assumed control of Russia and instated his new form of government. This new from of government causes America and her allies to "intervene" on the sides of the "whites" against the "reds". This intervention in fact was an invasion of Russia, although this intervention was not intended to take control of the government, but to keep Russia in World

The Cold War - 2360 words

2360 words - 10 pages The Cold War was the name given to the time period from 1945 to 1991. After World War II, tensions began between the United States and the Soviet Union. Fighting between the United States and Soviet Union did not happen directly against each other. Instead they fought with arms races, space races, and spying. Both superpowers set aside their differences to defeat Adolf Hitler, even before the war the United States distrusted the Soviet Union

The Cold War (DBQ)

627 words - 3 pages The Cold WarThe Cold War was "the struggle for global power between the United States and the Soviet Union following World War II" (History book, pg. 874). The Cold War began by controversial wants and needs from two different countries and several different "weapons" were used to fight this controversial war. The feuds eventually kept building up, greater and greater, resulting in one great war. Two countries, the United States and the Soviet

The Cold War - 1492 words

1492 words - 6 pages After World War II, the relationship that developed primarily between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was called the Cold War. The Cold War took place during the period from 1947 to 1991. The goal of the Cold war was to dominate international affairs for decades and many major crises. Examples for these major crises could be the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam, Korean War, and the Berlin Wall. For many the

Similar Essays

The Cold War 1980’s 1990’s Essay

1865 words - 7 pages ideologies. Though being accurate this view of the Cold War is not complete. The Cold War was not just a nonviolent war between the United States and the Soviet Union but one affecting the entire planet in different fashions and on multiple plains. It is for these reasons that while events during the 1980’s-1990’s seemingly led to the conventional end of conflict, they ironically only facilitated the existence and continuance of the Cold War even

To What Extent Were The Moscow Olympic Games Of 1980 Affected By Cold War Tensions?

2176 words - 9 pages absentees in some events. E: Conclusion From the thorough evaluation carried out in this study, it is evident that the Cold War greatly affected the preparation, participation and implementation of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games. The Cold War, during its peak, marred its fair share of world events and the Olympics probably suffered the most. The 1980 Olympics in Moscow suffered due to the US –led boycott while the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles

From The Cold War To Today

994 words - 4 pages   Chapter 30 and 31 were named “The Triumph of Conservatism” and “A Nation Transformed” respectively. In 1980, Ronald Regan was elected as the president of the United States and he began the process of adapting the conservative values in the U.S. The “Triumph” in chapter 30 was referring to the conservatism’s victory of the cold war and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Chapter 31 revolves around globalization which “transformed” the U.S. as a

"Inside The Kremlin's Cold War: From Stalin To Khrushchev"

966 words - 4 pages revolutionary-imperial paradigm that joined an imperial nature and interests from Russia's past and present with communist revolutionary ambitions that fused Russia's legacy with Marxism and Leninism. Zubok and Pleshakov explore the shifting nature and components of this prototype in a series of chapters that begin with Stalin's perception with victory in hand in 1945, through Stalin's policies in the Cold War, to the efforts of his subordinates and