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The Cold War In Europe Essay

1455 words - 6 pages

The end of the Second World War brought about great change in the world. This was especially true in Europe, where some battles left areas completely devastated. With Hitler regime fallen, it was clear the leaders of not only European nations but other nations like the United States wanted to change the structure of land that was once occupied by the Nazi army. The U.S. and Western Bloc would be in a chess match over this land with the Soviet Union and the Western Bloc. This chess match is better known as the Cold War. The following paragraphs will discuss how this war where no blood was shed played out throughout Europe. These paragraphs will examine and provide examples of how the ...view middle of the document...

These satellite countries furthered their relationships with the Soviet Union when the Warsaw Pact was signed in 1955 (Findley and Rothney 244) . The Pact was a mutual defense agreement amongst the nations and further bonded the Soviet Empire. These agreements created a strong geopolitical relationship among the Eastern Bloc nations and hurt the Western Bloc since communism had spread through almost half of Europe. This relationship would continue to be strong until multiple turnovers in leadership of the Soviet Union the 1980’s. Those turnovers would create rebellion in satellite nations like Eastern Germany. Starting in 1989 with the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Soviets geopolitical relationship with these satellite countries faulted and the Soviet Union would soon collapse.
When it comes to the social relationships in the Cold War in Europe, both sides of the continent experienced different social relations with other nations. As stated early, the Soviet Union had multiple satellite countries who agreed to embrace the communist government of the country and be a strong ally to the motherland. But those countries were in the eastern half of the continent and almost had no choice in joining up with the Soviet Union due to the fact that the nations had been ravaged by the battles of World War 2. On the other half of the continent, the now mainly democratic nations formed NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Signed in 1949, NATO was an agreement that if any nation was attacked that was a part of the treaty; it was considered an attack on all of the nations (Findley and Rothney 242). World War 2 allies the United Kingdom and France joined the United States in a common union of defense (France would withdraw from NATO in 1966 but return in 2009). One nation who had been considered an enemy in previous world wars, but was now completely turned over was Italy. For years, Italy was led by some form of ideological politics including Mussolini’s fascist regime. However following World War 2 and the fall of the fascist government, the Italians would embrace a democratic government. West Germany would also join the NATO in 1955, but was helped out with relief aid prior to that. From 1948 through 1949, the Berlin Airlift was performed to help out the struggling country. The United States would spend $350 million and the United Kingdom would spend $17 million Euros in dropping 394,509 tons of food, coal and other supplies to the nation (PowerPoint-Simpson, 3/17). As for the Soviet Union’s social relationship with non-satellite nations, it was not very good. Cold War brought about stranded relationships with democratic governments such as the United States and the United Kingdom. Events such as the Kitchen Debate and the Cuban Missile Crisis would ever more create a stranded relationship between communist and capitalist nations of the Soviet Union and the United States (Findley and Rothney 251). Eventually, the social issues...

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