Cold War 1946-1991
The end of World War II did not end the disputed but unexpectedly causing the conflict between allied countries, led to an era known as the “Cold War”. Roughly lasted from the close of Second World War (1946) to the end of 1980s, this is a stage of political conflict, proxy wars and economic competition rather than military combat between the Communist represented by Soviet Union and the powers of Western world primarily United Stated. Although many times it appeared that both military forces would engaged in a major battle, turning the war into “hot”, the two sides just expressed the conflict through military coalition, arms races and technological competitions. Going through four long decades, it casted a shadow in the second half of 20th century and left a scar that still feel today.
The alliance that had formed between two super powers, U.S and USSR during World War II was not strong enough to overcome the past decades of suspicion and unease between the two nations. Unwilling to compromise because of paranoia about their postwar national security created high tension atmosphere in U.S- Soviet Union’s relationship. This unstable partnership finally cracked due to the defeat of Nazi German: An unnatural alliance that was bound to fall apart after the defeat of the common enemy can be considered the origin of the Cold War.The Cold War had an enormous impact on the United States politically, socially, and economically including Red hunts, unconditionally fear of Communism and McCarthyism in the period 1940s-1950s, also shaped U.S.’s political agendas. This war ended as the reform programs introduced by Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev, which unexpectedly led to the collapse of Soviet Union. The Cold War left a significant legacy where the world experienced the horrors of deep divisions amongst the nations of the world.
Despite the fact that both were allies against Japan and Germany, the U.S. and USSR always generally disliked each other, eventually turned the onetime allies into bitter rivals due to their political and economics’ differences. While the United States defined as capitalist economy based on free enterprise, Soviet Union preferred Communism where government controls everything, it also a totalitarian that similar to their past enemies. Since Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, Americans had this hatred for Communism and refused to recognize the new government aside from the fact that Bolshevik also promoted the destruction of capitalism. The United States and USSR can be considered two power that relatively unharmed by World War II whereas other worlds powers like Italy, France, England, Germany became from half to completely destroyed. The world now turned into bipolar which dominance of these two powers in economic, political and social, the new orders pushed the already distrustful partner against each other.
The Cold War had the decades long impact on American domestic and foreign policy...