The Collapse of the Weimar Republic
There are a various number of reasons for the downfall of the Weimar
republic and the establishment of the one party rule, including
Hitler's appeal, however it was his consolidation of power 1933-1934
which was largely responsible for the collapse of the Weimar regime.
Factors such as the Enabling Act of 1933, the Reichstag fire, the use
of the SA, and the banning of all opposition contributed to allowing
and enabling Hitler to form a one party, Nazi dominated state.
"In two months", Von Papen confided in a friend " we'll have pushed
Hitler in to a corner and he can squeal until his heart's content".
Hitler's conversion of Germany into a one party state 1933-1934, which
is not highlighted by the sources shows this not to be the case.
The historical circumstances Germany was experiencing including
economic depression, existing repercussions of world war one, and a
profound lack of solid constitution inevitably gave Hitler an
advantage as the need for a stable government increased, as
illustrated in sources 2 and 5. Opposing the suggestion that it was a
plethora of weaknesses Germany possessed that created the demise of
the Weimar republic source 1 indicates that it was in fact Hitler's
widespread appeal that enabled the Nazi one party state to expand.
'National Socialism was inconceivable without Hitler.'
Hitler as an individual could be perceived as a confident party
organiser, creator of Nazi ideology, good orator etc. Although Hitler
displayed his 'unique confidence' and great power to the public,
devising an era of 'Hitlercentric' followers, it could be argued that
Hitler was quite the opposite. Depicting Hitler as a weak dictator may
be highly controversial to historians yet as structuralist historian
Brozat saw Hitler as a greedy power seeker who was a referee in bitter
disputes between competing agencies of government. This is apparent as
events such as the Reichstag fire, the night of the long knives, the
passing of the enabling act, even the death of president Hindenburg
convey hints of paranoia and reluctance to trust members of his own...