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The Collapse Of The East Coast Fishery In Canada.

939 words - 4 pages

The Collapse of the East Coast fishery in Canada.By: Seth GiddensIn 1992, the devastating collapse of the fishing industry on the East Coast of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia forced the Canadian government to take drastic measures and close the fishery. But what could've caused such a horrible downfall of one of Canada's biggest national resources?The East Coast Fishery is made up of offshore fisheries and inshore fisheries. An Offshore fishery is a type of fishery that is over 25 metres of the coast. This type of fishery requires large boats. An Inshore fishery is a type of fishery that is between the 25 metres of the coast. This type of fishery requires small boats. Nets and traps were extremely common to use to catch fish.The East Coast of Canada was a great place to catch fish because it made up most of Canada's fishing industry. The natural conditions of Canada's east coast favoured fish resources. The fish were located mainly in the Grand Banks, there was a continental shelf, which benefited the fishing because it was deep, meaning you could do offshore fishing. The water varied in all depths. There is enough sunlight coming down on the coast, which penetrates to the bottom, which stimulates plankton growth, also fish like warmer water. With the cold Labrador current and the warm gulf stream coming in, it could churn the nutrients for the plankton to grow, and attracts fish. It had many types of fish, but some of the main ones were Halibut, Cod and Sole. There are three main categories which fish fall into, Groundfish, Pelagic fish, and Shellfish. A Groundfish is a fish that swims close to the ocean floor, Pelagic fish are fish that swims near the top of the water and Shellfish are crustaceans. The main location for finding the great fish was the Grand Banks. Fish were commonly around that area, so it was perfect for fishers and fishing industries.The beginning of the collapse was first observed in the mid 1980's, when fisherman realized that the numbers of Groundfish caught were decreasing rapidly. The fish were also disappearing. In 1991, it was reported that the catch of the northern cod fish, had collapsed. And so it happened, this was one of the major signs that the great industry of Canada's fishing was going to deteriorate.By now several major fishing companies were suffering a great deal from over-crowded and over-competitive fights for the fish, amplifying the never-ending problems of low incomes and shakiness. Bigger boats and better technology had multiplied fishing power, often harming fish stocks and fishermen's earnings. People raced for fish that would otherwise be caught by a competitor. Recognition spread that open-access, loosely-controlled fisheries tended to attract more fishing capacity and effort than they could properly support.Over the next few years, the federal government dropped...

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