The Collapse Of The Roman Empire

1670 words - 7 pages

The Roman Empire spaded over six hundred years, encompassing the entire Mediterranean world. This empire left an ineffaceable mark on the Western society as a whole with its creation of laws, cultures and currency. As Julius Caesar once said, “I came. I saw. I conquered.” However the real question is, why did this empire fail after providing centuries of strong political and military leadership as well as a stable economic and social organization? The truth of the matter is, that which made the Roman Empire strongest eventually lead to its demise. The political, economic, military and social aspects that made this Empire strong eventually destroyed the seemingly immortal domain.
Politics is one of the many reasons that the Rome failed, political aspects such as disordered governments, taxation and unwilling citizens to follow said government all caused the fall of Rome. One of the most influential reasons as to why Rome fell was due to the government’s anarchy and corruption. Government officials became power hungry, abusing all power bestowed upon them to benefit themselves rather than the empire. One of the many ways they abused said power was by “use[ing] tax payers money to build themselves lavish mansions” . This would eventually weaken the government as well as the peoples trust in said government. As the Roman government began it’s initial decline Rome began to impose higher taxes on the people, consequently “crushing them under a heavy burden of oppressive taxation” . At the beginning, Rome taxation was very reticent, “consisting mainly of a wealth tax on all forms of property, including land, houses, slaves, animals, money and personal effects. The basic rate was just .01 percent, although occasionally rising to .03 percent” . By the late Roman Era taxation had reached new heights. A new form of taxation called Direct Taxation came about; this form of taxation replaced the original Tax Farming, which resulted in “provinces… [Paying] a wealth tax of about 1 percent and a flat poll or head tax on each adult” . The increase in taxation created a rift between the rich and poor as well as the government. As a result of this the citizens began to no longer trust their government; as they had no idea where the money from the increased taxes was going. The people no longer trusted their government, which caused citizens to become unwilling to serve and respect said government. Therefore there were many political aspects that conducted the fall of the Roman Empire.
In addition to the political aspects, there were also many economic aspects that lead to the fall of Rome. Economic causes such as the plummet in industry and precious metals as well as the lack of innovative technology, provincial markets and opulence all contributed to all fall of Rome. In the Roman Empire the lack of industry derived from a lack of technology and a decline in materials. As the population of Rome expanded so did the need for goods and services. As Rome...

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