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The Collapse Of Ussr Essay

7455 words - 30 pages

The collapse of USSRRussian state collapsed twice during the twentieth century. Russian Empire disintegrated while fighting and losing a foreign war . The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, in time of peace, a few decades after winning the biggest war from Russian`s history. The first collapsed was before the communists came to power; and the second during the communist rule.The aim of this paper is to centralize distinct factors , certain circumstances and conditions that contributed substantially to such events without claiming , however, that these "causes" identified below are sufficient or necessary for what had happened.If the modern empires of that period have fallen while former cities were transformed into 'normal' nations and nation-states, Tsarist Imperium and then Soviet one , have fallen before the advent of modern Russian nation. A major factor in the imperial collapse of 1917 , and the Soviet collapse in 1991 , proved to be the conflict between the imperial state and the emerging Russian nation or " society" . In both cases , "Russia " contributed to the decay of the " Empire ". Also lead to concluding that both empires have failed to solve the " Russian question " (" Russian problem " ) arguably their most important nationalist question and problem .1Another major factor in the decline of both empires was the fact that the theritories were extended too much. One of the problems was the imposed hegemony on other nations and territories who refused to recognize Russia or the Soviet Union, as a superior civilization, with a higher form of economic or governmental preeminent stability and performance qualities that a empire must master the course where imperial domination is not based solely on coercive force. Maintain hegemony in the absence of such recognition requires a disproportionate dependence on coercive force, and this has made the Russian dominion in "Europe" to be a burden for the russian population.21.2 From war to revolution , 1914-1917We will never know which direction Russia would have taken if the war had not started in 1914. Already at the beginning of 1916 until 1917 , it was clear , Russia lost the war . Even the war with Japan in 1904-1905 , revealed and exacerbated the Great War unsolved problems of Russia. A series of mistakes led to the abdication of the Tsar and the fall of the monarchy in March 1917 . A new Russian provisional government was facing a choice of Duma parties . Russian people were , or so it seemed, in control of their own state . A general election campaign would be taken to select a constituent assembly that will establish Russia as a democratic and progressive problem solving imminent , that of land reform , nationalist groups and religious rights , in short, was to complete the process of forming a modern Russian state in Western lines .In a few months, in November 1917 , the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks were in power over their own government with " Soviet" . But the Bolsheviks did...

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