The Colonialism And Imperialism In China In The 19th Century

895 words - 4 pages

By 1800, China was a country with an system. China was not industrialized, but workers in small workshops were able to produce most of the goods the Chinese needed. Because China was practically self-sufficient, its emperors had little interest in trading with Europeans. For decades, Europeans could do business only at the port of Canton. Despite pleas from Britain and other nations, China refused to open other ports to foreigners. The Chinese regarded European goods as inferior to their own and bought few goods from the European merchants at Canton.European merchants were determined to find a product the Chinese would buy in large quantities. Eventually, the British East India Company discovered such a product - opium. Opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant. The Chinese government tried to stop the opium trade by appealing to British royalty. When those pleas went unanswered, the quarrel over opium grew into a war.The primary motive of British imperialism in China in the nineteenth century was economic. There was a high demand for Chinese tea, silk and porcelain in the British market. However, Britain did not own sufficient silver to trade with the Qing Empire. Thus, a system of barter based on Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment. The subsequent increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a generation of addicts and social instability.China's attempt to ban the sale of opium in the port city of Canton leads to the Opium War in 1839 in which the Chinese are defeated by superior British arms and which results in the imposition of the first of many "Unequal Treaties." These treaties open other cities, "Treaty Ports" to trade (first along the coast and then throughout China), included foreign legal jurisdiction on Chinese territory in these ports, foreign control of tariffs, and Christian missionary presence.As a result, the British were given the island of Hong Kong and trading rights in the ports of Canton and Shanghai. Although British imperialism never politically took hold in mainland China, as it did in India or Africa, its cultural and political legacy is still evident today. Honk Kong remains a significant center of global finance and its government still functioned in much of the same ways as it did under British colonialism. Furthermore, the language of English and British culture highly impacted the society of Hong Kong and Southern China for over a century.By the late 1800s, China is said to be "carved up like a melon" by foreign powers competing for "spheres of influence" on Chinese soil.Basically it was the European nations dividing China into spheres of influence during the Qing Dynasty at the end of the nineteenth/beginning of the twentieth century. They were able to do this because of the...

Find Another Essay On The colonialism and imperialism in China in the 19th century

The Impact of 19th Century European Imperialism in Africa

1134 words - 5 pages European Imperialism heavily impacted the African continent through culturally, economic, and political ideas. This era of history is heavily drenched in the aspect of ethnocentrism, which is the belief that one’s own culture is superior that of another. The Europeans colonized Africa believing that they could bring civilization, but they were often ignorant of Africa’s very complex societies. The European powers divided up the continent of

Imperialism and its Negative Impacts in the 19th and 20th Century

2216 words - 9 pages nineteenth and beginning of twentieth century, European nations began influencing much of the known world such as China, while nearly dominating all of Africa and India setting the tone for a new imperialistic age, particularly between the period of 1880 to 1914 (Snyder, p. 141.) When imperialism struck Africa, the movement began to spread at rates never seen before. Ancient tribes, entire cultures, and invaluable lives disappeared in the fog

The Brain Drain and Revolution in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century China

1693 words - 7 pages Introduction By the end of the 19th century, Chinese officials were beginning to realize that their country’s educational infrastructure was becoming increasingly anachronistic. Traditional education largely ignored technology—considered it low class, even—and students instead focused on cultivating a sense of moral righteousness. Yet, the Confucian-centered examination system was beginning to prove ineffective in a world where modern

THE 19TH CENTURY OF CHINA

1528 words - 7 pages Every country has its own history, and China had over 5,000 years of history. Like many other countries, there are glory times and dark times. 19th century of China is considered one of the darkest times in history. The first is that in the 1800s beginning with the demands made by England and China’s conflict with an aggressively expanding West at the end of the eighteenth century. England was intent on opening up trade with China as was true

American expansion in the 19th century was an act of aggressive imperialism, not manifest destiny

773 words - 3 pages under Mexico's jurisdiction. In each of these cases, the opportunity existed to further expand the United States, but more aggressive measures were not taken. America did not have to have any of this additional land.I feel that the idea of manifest destiny is simply a way to rationalize the United States practice of imperialism in North America. None of the land gained in the 19th century was given to the U.S., it was taken using force and often

Study notes on Western influence and pressure in the history of China and Japan in the 19th and 20th Century

850 words - 3 pages PART 1Western influence and pressure in the history of China and Japan in the 19th and 20th Century should not be dismissed, because they are often the impetus, if not the main driving force, of important internal events. China and Japan's own situation and internal forces, then, temper how each country responds to these Western pressures and influences. China, already under the yoke of the Manchurian Jun Hsien rule, wrestled repeatedly with

Compare and contrast America’s “Manifest Destiny” of the mid-19th century with its “Imperialism” of the late 19th century

1301 words - 6 pages , the Manifest Destiny became a popular idea to follow; it was God’s will for America to expand their land to the West Coast. However, after this was accomplished, Imperialism came about a short time period later. Imperialism is much like the Manifest Destiny, but in a more greedy way. Imperialism is most definitely glorified to seem like a favor America is doing—by becoming an empire—and taking these smaller nations and countries ‘under their

An Evaluation of Imperialism in 19th Century Europe

1414 words - 6 pages There are many actions taken by the Europeans of the late 19th and early 20th centuries that, in retrospect, modern people view as abhorrent. Among these practices, and possibly at the top of the list, is European imperialism in Africa. Really beginning in the late 1870s and early 1880s, European imperialists managed to subdue an entire continent of people in less than 40 years. However, before one dismisses these actions as a lapse in human

Comparison and Contrast 19th Century Colonialism and Contemporary Globalization

1304 words - 5 pages Recent decades have witnessed increasing globalization, in which interdependence is escalating among countries around the world, politically, economically, and culturally. Given this background, some people liken this global interaction to the 19th century colonialism (Mufwene 2002), which is characterized by the occupation and control of African and Asian nations by European countries. From my point of view, however, 19th century colonialism is

Questions Regarding 19th Century Colonialism and Similar Topics

1315 words - 6 pages 1. Discuss the economic, political, social, and intellectual changes that occurred in the 19th century which were carried over to the 20th century. Most of the economic, political, social, and intellectual changes were brought about by the Industrial Revolution, which began sometime around the 1800s. When the Industrial Revolution started sometime around the 1800s, many things started to happen. From political to intellectual changes, it

Imperialism and Colonialism in The Tempest

1118 words - 4 pages The Tempest was Shakespeare’s last play that was written shortly after England colonized Virginia in 1609. Throughout the play, there are many different references to imperialism and colonialism within the characters. The Tempest analyzes the imperialistic relationships between England and America but applies it to personal human interaction between the central characters. The island gives newcomers a sense of endless possibilities like

Similar Essays

Imperialism In The 19th Century Essay

1745 words - 7 pages There was a great deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa.Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of

Colonialism In The 19th Century Ucsc History 40 Essay

1127 words - 5 pages Colonialism in the 19th Century (Prompt #1) India in the early 19th century was a time of change and consolidation of ideals within the culture. The British classification of people as groups rather than individuals led to the decidualization they needed to maintain control of their colonial settlement. Split by caste and religion new meaning arose over what it means to be an individual. Huge strides were made in the rights provided to women

Negative Affects Of Imperialism In Africa In The 19th Century

1913 words - 8 pages Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the

China In 19th Century Essay

895 words - 4 pages had no involvement in China, which led to the "Open Door Policy" which stated that all nations should have an equal opportunity at China.What are the characteristics of 19th century imperialism in China?In politics, foreign imperialist occupation of the land of China, and gradually establish potential power range, such as the Treaty of Nanking. In addition, foreign consular jurisdiction also achieved through war to erode the autonomy of