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The Colonization Of Latin America. Essay

1562 words - 6 pages

A new conquest, a new era, and a new frontier are some of the many elements human civilization is no stranger to. Throughout mankind's existence on earth it has dealt with these complex and dynamic issues before, but what was about to take place was unprecedented and would in innumerable ways forever change the face of the planet. During the early 1400's three dominating societies, the Spanish, Aztec, and Inca empires conquered and quickly expanded their borders. The historical question arises in spite of this; did the newly acquired territory and subjugation of its people strengthen or weaken the political empires ability to fight the imminent conquest? In an almost paradoxical-like answer, while the expansion of their borders strengthened the civilizations externally, internally however dissenting ideas, bitter beliefs, and internal defiance, temporarily weakened the Spanish crown's control its colonies in the New World and ultimately led to the demise of the Aztecs, Incas. What on the outside looked like a firm and robust imperialistic sovereignty was in actuality a hollow and fragile shell waiting to collapse.Long before the Aztec and Incan civilizations rose to power, the Iberian Peninsula was divided into five kingdoms. Four out of the five would eventually join to become what is today now known as Spain. Spain was first conceived with the marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469. About 32 years later Spain captured Granada during the Reconquest and in 1512 annexed Navarre. Throughout the Reconquest, the Christians used religion and holiness as a cause to spearhead for what in actuality was a battle for land and wealth. They would later on use the same stratagem for conquering the New World. While Spain's total dominance over the Iberian Peninsula, with the exception of Portugal, made it a power to be reckoned with, the additions of news lands and did not weaken its ability to fight the conquest. Nonetheless, the same could not be said with the Spanish conquest of the New World.Columbus' intentions to discover a route to India began with a dream and by "Following the light of the sun, we left the Old World." he eventually discovered the New World in 1492, the very same year the Spanish expelled the Moors; Spain was on the threshold of becoming the richest nation in the world. The only thing that stood in its path to the riches and power that awaited Spain was the conquering and assimilation of the Aztec and Incan indigenous people. The Spanish crown's first obstacle was the Aztec located in what is now known today as Mexico. It took the Spanish conquistador Fernando Cortés about two years from the time he set foot in Mexico until his men breached the walls of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, to conquer the Aztec but during those two years Cortés faced several uprisings from within his own army.To begin with, the act of Cortés even being in Mexico was an act of defiance towards the Spanish crown....

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