This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Common Factors That Led To The Establishment Of Totalitarian Regimes In Italy And Germany In The Inter War Period

1358 words - 5 pages

The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period

Totalitarian regimes refer to the type of government in which the
State has total control over all aspects of people's life. Main
features include an infallible leader, planned economy, strict party
discipline, strong armament, an official doctrine that everyone has to
believe, and absolute obedience of individuals to the State, etc.
During the period 1919-39 there saw the rise of totalitarian regimes
in some European countries. The most important ones in Western Europe
were Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Their respective rise to power
shared many similarities but there were some differences.

The leaders of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were Benito Mussolini
and Adolf Hitler respectively. The aftermath of the First World War
provided both men with a hotbed to come to power. Both Italians and
Germans were dismayed and annoyed with the Paris Peace Settlement.
Italy joined the First World War in 1915 because the Allied Powers had
promised her territorial gains. Premier Orlando joined the Paris Peace
Conference as one of the "Big Four". Yet by the Settlement Italy did
not get all she wanted. Especially Fiume was given to Yugoslavia, the
Italian rival in Adriatic. Italians thought that their tremendous
losses and contribution during the war were not rewarded. In 1920 the
Italian government tried unsuccessfully to occupy Fiume. This was a
blow to the national pride. As the major defeated country, on the
other hand, Germany was heavily punished with the Treaty of
Versailles. She was never invited to join the Paris Peace Conference,
and thus regarded the treaty as the "Versailles Diktat". By the treaty
she lost all her overseas possessions, ceded many traditional
territories, carried out almost total disarmament, paid a huge
indemnity of ï¿¡6.6 billion, handed in the Saar Basin, and accepted the
"war guilt" clause. Naturally, a revengeful spirit took place among
Germans. Both Italians and Germans were dissatisfied with their
respective weak governments, and hoped that a strong leader could help
recover the national glory. "Lacking faith of any critical ability,
the masses saw in Hitler a saviour and a prophet", says G. Ritter.

Postwar economic hardship was also accountable for the rise of both
the Nazi and Fascist regimes. Both Italy and Germany had already been
exhausted in the war. Hyper-inflation, sharp decline of industrial
production, the wartime loss of huge manpower and massive
unemployment, etc. resulted immediately after the war. In 1921 there
were 2.5 million returned Italian soldiers waiting for re-employment.
Especially in Germany, the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923 led
to terrible devaluation of the mark and paralyzed the industrial
production. The...

Find Another Essay On The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period

Analyses of the factors that led to the rise of the communist party in China

2422 words - 10 pages SanyaDP-1Q. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the communist party in China.In the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty, which had ruled China for 2000 years, was in decline. The period following the end of the empire in 1911 was a turbulent one, with various groups fighting for power in China. This civil war ended only in 1949, with the Chinese Communist Party establishing control over the country. There are quite a few

Factors that Led to Northern Victory during the Civil War

2250 words - 9 pages north won the civil war was written by Andrew F. Smith in 1946. Smith teaches food studies at the New School University in New York has edited or authored 24 books and written over 1000 articles. The book was written to analyze factors that led to northern victory and southern defeat during the civil war and mainly focuses on the distribution and availability of food in the south during that time and explains how these factors led to southern

Factors that Led to the Great Depression

1505 words - 7 pages set the tone for the overproduction in industry that led to the bubble because many workers could not afford to buy the industrial output. Also, during the 1920’s, credit was introduced and the stock market was booming. What caused the worst depression in history? What events led up to the economic failure? Was the government aware that the crash was coming? Traditionally, President Roosevelt has been lauded as a savior of the economy and one of

Factors that Led to the Outbreak of WWII

1927 words - 8 pages 1939 and 1945 (Preston, 1321). • The rise of militaristic and totalitarian regimes in Japan, Italy and Germany contributed greatly to the outbreak of the war (Casey, 365). • The World War I may have ended, but most countries still had wounds to heal. They needed to settle scores (Preston, 1321). • Germany had been disappointed, Italy defeated and Japan’s ego enthused. They hoped to make amends even if it took thriving at the expense of their

Access the view that the Red Army's victory led to the establishment of Bolshevik power by 1924

2375 words - 10 pages Assess the view that the Red Army's victory in the Civil War was responsible for the establishment of Bolshevik power by 1924.Why the reds won:Much credit must go to Trotsky who, despite the criticism aimed at him over the Czech Legion issue, was a brilliant War Commissar. Untrained in military matters, Trotsky seemed to be a natural leader of men. His beliefs were simple. If a Red commander was successful in combat, they were promoted. If a

Changes in Germany After World War I That Led to World War II

1312 words - 6 pages 37%. The next election Hitler won and became the leader of Germany. (Rise) In World War II Germany, Japan, and Italy fought together to increase their land and economy. Unlike the Allies, the Axis never built a common meeting ground to coordinate foreign or military policy, the Axis had four interests they shared: territorial expansion, the foundation of empires that were gained by military force, the destruction of the post-World War I allies

Criminal profiling should become a common tool in criminal investigations because it provides a plethora of critical information that has led to the arrest of elusive and dangerous criminals in the...

3241 words - 13 pages profiling in the United States. Criminal profiling should become a common tool in criminal investigations because it provides a plethora of critical information that has led to the arrest of elusive and dangerous criminals in the past. Used on rare occasions, and almost exclusively on serial murder cases, criminal profiling analyzes all aspects of a crime. A criminal profiler examines the different phases of a crime, the key elements involved, and

How successful was organized labor in improving the position of workers in the period from 1875-1900? Analyze the factors that contributed to the level of success achieved

1086 words - 4 pages interests. This led to ineffectiveness as the different groups kept getting in each others way. This is illustrated in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper in 1887 in which he shows many "cooks" (groups supporting laborers) fighting over the "labor interest broth". This picture shows that while these groups kept fighting with each other, they were not taking care of the broth.Another reason why the labor union and strikes were not effective was

Account for the conditions that led to the development of the Greek Poleis during the Archaic period

1051 words - 4 pages Account for the conditions that led to the development of the Greek Poleis during the Archaic period.!!! Throughout Ancient Greece there were many different conditions that led to the development of the Greek Poleis during the Archaic period however the three most significant conditions were the Geography, the structure and the Greek Foreign Policies. !! Firstly there were several different geographic factors that led to the development of

The common factors experienced by all countries who industrialized(2)the factors that were unique to individual countries. Which were the most important factors in a country's industrialization?

1415 words - 6 pages worker output." Britain's successes of the Industrial Revolution directly lead to two other waves of industrialization. Around 1760, the United States, France and Germany followed Britain's lead. The third wave occurred in Asia, which included Russia and Japan. All three waves of industrialization contained certain characteristics that were essential to be successful, but conversely, they all had their own variations. Also, it is the factors that

Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany as Totalitarian Atates

1810 words - 7 pages return of German greatness. Hitler carried out conscription and full-scale rearmament, annexed Austria, Czechoslovakia and invaded Poland. They even formed the Axis and withdrew from the League of Nations. Both were accountable for the outbreak of World War Two. In a nutshell, we may say that both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were totalitarian states though there were some differences.

Similar Essays

How Accurate Is The Claim That The Effects Of Wwi Were The Most Important Reason For The Rise Of Totalitarian Governments In Italy During The Period To 1939?

1164 words - 5 pages The rise of totalitarian governments in Italy became a decisive issue in the history of Italian politics. Many historians believe that the effects of the First World War were the most important reason for the rise of these fascists. However the war simply accelerated the necessity for a new and reformed government. Many factors existed before the war and the First World War simply highlighted the necessity for change. In addition, without the

Study The Rise Of Condottieri Warfare In Italy. What Political And Economic Factors Led To The Employment Of Condottieri?

856 words - 4 pages Study the rise of condottieri warfare in Italy. What political and economic factors led to the employment of condottieri? Describe their tactical organization, weapons and tactics.Although Italy was not immune to the mercenary-phenomenon that was spreading fast throughout Western Europe, the for-hire professional soldier did not consume the Italian armies until approximately 1320-30. Italy was absorbed with the current Renaissance, and therefore

Comparison Of Three Factors That Led To The Great War

779 words - 3 pages The three factors that I think that lead to World War I was German Ship Law, Balkan Crisis, and the Bosnian Crisis. They are all quite closely related still there is a level of influence in each one of these factors.The German Naval Law in 1900 literally marked the beginning of trouble. The Kaiser said he wanted a navy because he wanted colonies in Africa. In 1906 he started to build dreadnoughts. Because of this the British felt threatened. The

Key Factors That Led To Union Victory In The Civil War

2788 words - 11 pages have to enforce a draft into military service. Most citizens in the North shared the political view that the country should be once again rejoined as one nation, and a common distaste for slavery did bring in many volunteers. The government of the Union proved to be more successful than that of the Confederacy during the period of the Civil War. This was the case because of several reasons, first and foremost of these was the