Romania and Communism
The Communist Regime in Romania was overall one of the toughest compared with what happened in other countries in Central-Eastern Europe; except, of course, the Soviet Union under Stalin. Communism in Romania is presented from the politic and economic points of view, as well as social perspective through the lack of freedom that affected Romanians’ lifestyle for many years.
The history of Romania sees several criminal and political facts through Communism Regime. The Socialist Republic of Romania comes into effect officially from 1947 to 1989. The Romanian Communist Party made up from about 1,000 people, evolved from a Leninist sect into a mass party and became an important part for the establishment of Nicolae Ceausescu’s personal dictatorship. The creation of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) takes place on May 8, 1921, and from 1924 to 1944 was under the name of Romania Mare. Initially, it was a small party until 1944, having about 300 members, mostly workers. The coming to power of the Communists took place on August 23rd, 1944 when Romania fell from the alliance with Germany. The goal of the Communists ensures a parliamentary majority. After the 1946’s elections, the Communists took the systematic liquidation of dissent. In the evolution, the communist regime in Romania had two stages: the Stalinist regime and the national-communist. Applying the Soviet model - Sovietization of society, economy and culture on the principle of class struggle, supervision institutions, nationalization and collectivization and Russification phenomenon, meaning Russian culture and Russian language as the only language. Romania was under the Soviet influence between 1945 and 1989. In 1985, by the time when the first numbers of the Universe Magazine appear in New York, Chicago and Los Angeles "who had no ambition she said direct descendant of the famous publications Bucharest did a survey on reader preferences Roman abroad needs. Paradoxically speaking, Romanian readers from United States of America, Canada, South America, and Europe even further away from their country have great interest in modern and contemporary history of Romania. The book printed by Ion Mihai Pacepa is questioning the different wings of power as business intelligence. The volume of Red Horizons appeared in 1981 in Washington and it was a bestseller on the United States’ market. (Pacepa 14)
The secret police of communist Romania was hard to fight against because every word used to be recorded. Fighting the system was too dangerous. Recruiting agents for NATO countries was one of the most important goals of Ceausescu. Their goal was to spy the operation led by Ceausescu called Horizon coding. Ceausescu intends this operation in order to have political support, money and technology from the West. The operation used equipment that included hidden microphones, documents with false signatures of foreign leaders’ governments. Secret agents were...