This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Components Of A Computer And Information Processing System

975 words - 4 pages

The Components of a Computer and Information Processing System
In today’s world, computers are everywhere. People use them in a wide range of ways in every aspect of life whether it is interacting with friends, cooking a meal, or transferring funds from one account to another. However, many people do not think about the many aspects of computing and the various devices and software that are part of the information process.
Basics of the Computer
A computer is a device that can be programmed to perform a specific operation. Computers take input from human operators and process it into something the user can see on an output device (Computer, 2012).
Hardware and software are what make up computers. Hardware is the physical aspect of a computer. The monitor, mouse, keyboard, and the computer itself would all be hardware. Software is the program that runs on a computer like Apple’s OS X Lion, for example. Software is usually thought of as something involved with computers but it can actually be used on other forms of hardware such as cell phones, GPS devices, or PDAs (Kayne, 2012).
Basic Components of a Computer
Computers today come in many different shapes and sizes. However, the basic components that make up computers are all generally the same. The computer case is where all the other components are stored. The brain of the computer is the CPU, or central processing unit. It is used to process all the functions the computer performs. RAM is where data is temporarily stored and accessed and is attached to the motherboard. The motherboard is the most important component; it connects all the other hardware in a computer system. A power supply sends the other hardware power so that they can run. Hard drives are used for permanent file storage. A disk drive can be a floppy drive, CD drive, DVD drive, or any other file storage devices that are used. Video cards are the parts that convert binary code into images so that the user can see it on a monitor. Monitors are the screens that allow users to see what the computer is doing. The keyboard and mouse are input devices that allow the user to enter text or point and click to enter commands, respectively (Basic Computer Components, 2011).
Information Processing
Information processing is a cycle. The sequence of events includes input, processing, output, and storage, in that order (Karbo, 2002).
Inputs and Related Hardware/Software
Input is the information that a person puts into a computer. Input can be in many different forms such as text, voice, or clicking. An input device is the hardware or software that a person uses to put information in the computer. The hardware might include keyboards, microphones, or a mouse (input, 2012).
Processing and Related Hardware/Software
When talking about computers, computing is referred to as an instance a computer program is executed. A computer program is a collection of instructions and a process is the actual execution of the...

Find Another Essay On The Components of a Computer and Information Processing System

The Respiratory System: A Review of the System, Its Components, and Diseases That Can Affect It

985 words - 4 pages The Respiratory System A Review of the System, Its Components, and Diseases That Can Affect It What is the respiratory system? Why do we need to breathe? Can the process be changed or altered? The information in this paper will help you find out how the respiratory system works, what the components are that make the system work, and the many diseases that can change or alter the process. The respiratory system is made up of the organs and

Outsourcing the Processing of Sensitive Information

3772 words - 15 pages Outsourcing the Processing of Sensitive Information A current trend in business in the first-world (United States and Western Europe) is for the service sector to follow the lead of the manufacturing sector in looking to the global marketplace to find the lowest-cost means of production. That is, to lower costs and maximize profits, first-world service providers are increasingly seeking to outsource "knowledge worker" type tasks to

Components of the US Judicial System

845 words - 3 pages parts of the criminal justice system operate together under the rule of law and principal means of maintaining the rule of law within society. Now its time to study each component system's organization and administration: what is the standard organizational structure for police,courts and correction? Police police organization structure : The following seven elements are the core dimensions of a police organization structure.(Adapted from

The Components of a Society

1107 words - 5 pages “Many people want the government to protect the consumer. A much more urgent problem is to protect the consumer from the government”. Here Milton Friedman, American economist and a famous writer share his views about the society or government who is responsible for the protection of the people. Most of the people in this world are familiar with the word society. The term society describes a group of people as the members of certain communities

An operating system is a program that acts an intermediary betweena user of a computer and the computer hardware

663 words - 3 pages The Operating System With Advantages and Disadvantages Nowadays,most of the computers are using the Window as their operating system.Microsoft-designed computer operating system, a program that controlsthe basic functions of personal computers. Windows started life asMicrosoft?s take on a graphical user interface (GUI). Windows 3.0,Window 3.1, and Window 3.11 were the three earliest versions ofMicrosoft?s Windows operating system. Windows 95 is

The influence of Personality Traits on the Processing of Visual and Verbal Information

1236 words - 5 pages types of thinking, is associated with the right hemisphere of the brain; the way this side functions. Also explaining how two people who have a different thought process naturally have a different way of processing the information given in an ad, article, etc. In conclusion, this portion of the essay, more visual thinkers use the right hemisphere of the brain to think and if you’re spatial or verbal thinker then you’re using the left hemisphere of

A Critique: Web-based Orientation Materials and Information Processing

2574 words - 11 pages through the use of technology, this dual stimulation becomes more applicable for trainers and more interactive trainees needing to process pertinent information. And Ward and his colleagues (2001) describe computer-base environment as highly interactive for users. Looking at this information processing literature and critique this environment based with that particular criteria, it seems as though a computer based environment would enhance

CIS 319 Computers and Information Processing Analyzing the Use of Databases in the Workplace

904 words - 4 pages , inventory, and a wide array of other business information in companies of all sizes.The server-based databases that we use utilize the Structured Query Language (SQL) Server to run security and transactions. The SQL server provides client computers with highly efficient access to database files. SQL is a relational database management system for building business applications with increased data protection. The SQL server acts like an engine

The Computer Central Processing Unit

2410 words - 10 pages volatile because once you shut off the power to the computer, all of the data information loaded into the memory is lost since the cells are no longer being refreshed. The memory cells are etched onto a silicon wafer in columns (bit lines) and rows (word lines). The intersection of a bit line and word line is the address of the memory cell. On a RAM stick, along with the memory circuits, is a support structure of other specialized circuits that

Information processing and cognitive development

631 words - 3 pages Information Processing and Cognitive Development      Information processing is a perspective (approach) to the study of cognition and cognitive development in which the mind is likened to a computer. However, rather than focusing on mere input and output, psychologists who adhere to this approach place specific emphasis on the processes of cognitive development. Cognitive perspectives examine development in terms of

Describing the Interaction of the Components of the Autonomic Nervous System in a Relation to the Stress Response

1260 words - 6 pages , breathing and swallowing. The autonomic nervous system is located in medulla oblongata in the lower brain stream. There are three components of the ANS which are Parasympathetic Nervous System (PSNS), Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) and Enteric Nervous System (ENS). The enteric nervous system is a system of neuron that controls the gastrointestinal system. The main two components of the ANS are Parasympathetic and Sympathetic. Autonomic nervous

Similar Essays

Riordan Manufacturing Overview: Computer And Information Processing Cis/319

1274 words - 5 pages . This will make things much easier and accurate compared to manually entering products into inventory and personally counting them. The use of this system will also enhance customer service due to inaccurate inventories and computer updates. It will improve delivery times, increase sales, and productivity rates because all information will be at the employee's fingertips by use of a database on the personal computer. The data entered into the

Computer Information System Essay

1587 words - 6 pages INTRODUCTIONDue to the advance of the technology, we should upgrade our computer system to meet the latest computer technology. We must keep up to date so that we can compete with other company. We can also improve our work, by using computer the work would be more professional, tidy, and fast compare with using typewriter to make a report.An insurance company like Big Red might have to delivered information quickly to other department and it is

Computer Information System Essay

759 words - 3 pages relevant information. As a software suite, its applications have similar user interfaces. This feature makes it easy to learn all the software by learning only one of them (Stair and Reynolds, 2006). Documents made in MS Office can also be accessed quickly and easily by the Internet.DisadvantagesThere are several disadvantages of using MS Office. First, MS Office is pretty expensive to buy. The presence of many tools has made the user interface of

Informational System Proposal Summary: Computers & Information Processing

638 words - 3 pages project is to implement computer systems that will be more effective and efficient. The use of the new computer system, running the latest software, built with the latest technology, allows the company to provide a first class product and service to all participants and clients. Furthermore, implementing computer systems is the solution to the prevention of inaccurate inventories. If implemented properly by the IT staff, the technology can help to