The Concept Of Culture In Counselling

1853 words - 7 pages

The Concept of Culture in Counselling


Culture may be defined in a broad and narrow context. The broad definition includes demographic variables ( age, gender), status variables ( social, educational, economic) and affiliations ( formal and informal), as well as ethnographic variables, such as ethnicity, nationality, language. Narrow definition of culture is limited to the terms of ethnicity and nationality, which are important for individual and familial identity, but the concept of culture in Counselling usually goes beyond national and ethnic boundaries. It interprets culture in a broader aspect, it aims to go beyond its more obvious and verifiable symbols toward the more subjective perspectives its members hold. Counselling deals with the subjective aspect of culture, which refers to the internalised feeling, attitudes, opinions and assumptions that members of a particular culture hold, as well as with the objective, which involves visible aspects, that are culturally adopted and determined and can be identified by both persons within and outside a given culture.

There are different perspectives, however, which put stress on various aspects of culture and try to identify its boundaries and its substitutes. Some regard culture as separate entity from demographic factors, some point out acculturation as one of the obstacles, which makes culture difficult to identify, some show how an intimate and meaningful relationship between a counsellor and a culturally different client to be established. In this essay I will be discussing what the different concepts of understanding of culture in Counselling are, by examining different authors and perspectives and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses.

Herskovits ( 1948 cited in Serpell 1978 ) defines culture as the part of the environment, which is created or shaped by human beings. Triandis ( 1972 in Pedersen 1994) focused on the culture ‘in our heads’ , which is composed of the shared experiences and knowledge of a self-perpetuating and continuous human group, which is part and parcel of the personal reality. Triandis, Bontemplo, Leung & Hui (1990 cited in Pedersen 1994) distinguished between demographic, cultural and personal constructs. Cultural constructs they identified as being shared by group of people, who live in the same geographical location at the same time, speak the same dialect and shared the same norms, roles, values and ways to describe experience. Demographic constructs deal with the same topics, but when shared by a particular demographic group within a culture, such as men and women, young and old. Personal constructs belong to another category of individual differences and cannot be meaningfully interpreted with references to the cultural and demographic membership. Each of the three constructs are closely related with the others, but they should be examined independently. Counselling in this case should take into account cultural and demographic differences, but work...

Find Another Essay On The Concept of Culture in Counselling

The Concept of Dukkha in Buddhism

2969 words - 12 pages The Concept of Dukkha in Buddhism From its origins in India to its expansion North to Tibet and East through China and eventually Japan, Buddhism has undergone many changes. These changes are usually evidenced in its iconography, and somewhat in popular practice, but the essential tenets remain unchanged. One of these tenets is "Dukkha" or the idea of inescapable human suffering. The kinds and origins of dukkha are as

The Concept Of Power In Politics

742 words - 3 pages The Meaning of Power      The instrumental character of power is that of a “means to an end.” It includes the tools, resources, and abilities used to pursue goals. The meaning of power and its role in politics is understood first with a background of its dual nature. De jure refers to the theory of power. The concept of “absolute power,” considers tangible factors. When comparing nations’ power, money and gross

Do you think that the concept of organisational culture is a useful one in the real world? If so, why? If not, why not?

3912 words - 16 pages The concept of organisational culture has been discussed in great detail in management literature and despite considerable enthusiasm, has proved to be an elusive topic to define, yet alone apply. The interest in organisational culture arose principally in an attempt to understand its impact on organisational change and its utility as a concept must be judged in terms of the positive outcomes (if any) from managerial attempts to influence and

From eudaimonia to happiness. Overview on the concept of happiness in the ancient Greek culture with a few glimpses on modern time

7352 words - 29 pages From eudaimonia to happiness. Overview on the concept of happiness in the ancient Greek culture with a few glimpses on modern time*"... that man is happy (eudaimon) and blessed (olbios) who, knowing all these rules, goes on with his work guiltless before the gods... and avoids transgression" (Hesiod, Works and Days 826-828) "Good sense is by far the chief part of happiness, and we must not be impious towards the gods..." (Sophocles, Antigone

The concept of reflexivity

2375 words - 10 pages Seifeldin Soliman Advanced Writing in Disciplines Final DraftUnit Four: Investigating learning transfer: Reflexivity in actionAn Essential ReflectionDear Professor Noonan,The most challenging aspect of this project was understanding the concept of reflexivity. Qualley's passage explaining the concept guided me through what it was exactly. Although I wasn't well acquainted with the concept at first, I quickly realized that there were many

The concept of Prejudice

811 words - 3 pages attitudes and behaviors associated with prejudice in our society.POVERTYCONCEPTUALIZATION OF POVERTY:Poverty is a concept that entails very concrete and measurable elements as well as more theoretical components. For the purposes of this paper, poverty can be defined as suffering from the lack of financial resources needed to sustain human life, employment, and materials deemed necessary by the prevalent culture of the society in which that

The Concept of Intelligence

3430 words - 14 pages from the function of the adverb ‘intelligently,’ the concept of intelligence does not have essential reference to specific verbs but rather to the manner or style of proceeding of nearly any verb that is descriptive of the proceedings of an agent. Intelligence- words are expressive of a manner of doing things that may be narrated in one of two ways. The first takes the form of a series of contrasts which, when put together as a list of disjuncts

Concept of the Automobile

646 words - 3 pages The invention of the automobile has been one of the greatest achievements of the 20th century. To mankind, it has been a definitive icon of independence and personal freedom. But with the birth of the automobile now comes the beginning of the concept vehicle.The invention started with the Tin Lizzies in the 1900's. Vehicles in the early days were produced to look the same. These vehicles looked like a box on wheels, similar to a horseless

The Concept of Marriage

1041 words - 4 pages marriage for different reasons. These reasons may include social, economical, religious, emotional, or for legal reasons. There are a lot of expectations on both parties entering into a marriage agreement. If these expectations are not fulfilled, people handle the problems differently. The overall pursuit for society is conquering happiness throughout life. To understand the concept of marriage in a biblical sense, God created Adam and Eve. Before

The concept of mimesis

1432 words - 6 pages The idea of mimesis is that a certain medium is a representation of reality. The concept of mimesis extends to art, media, and other texts. Mimesis also creates a sense of false reality, as often the art appears and is can be taken as real as the real world. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the concept of mimesis is explained and through analysis of the novel and several other pieces of work can the implications and effects of mimesis be grasped

The Concept of Psychology

767 words - 4 pages and behavior in terms of the active adaptation to a person's changing environment. Functionalism came to be in the United States in the late nineteenth century. Eventually functionalism ended as well. Psychology turned into the study of all the states of the human mind and that might change one day as well. Even though it is always changing and may never be understood fully, the concept of psychology will always be a very interesting topic for me.

Similar Essays

Evaluating The Main Theories Of Counselling

1793 words - 7 pages This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term. The three approaches in discussion are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioural and humanistic. The psychodynamic theory originated from Sigmund Freud, a medical doctor and philosopher (1856 - 1939) founded in the 1900s. Freud developed his ideas whilst working as a psychiatrist in Vienna

The Appropriate Use Of Counselling Skills And Of Pastoral Care

1906 words - 8 pages Introduction Pastoral care as a source of counselling advice is one of the key areas of development for pastoral training. For many people who approach religious leaders for counselling support, this may be their first approach for assistance and it may be the only opportunity that any service provider has to intervene in order to provide them with assistance. This places a great responsibility on the pastor, who needs to be able to

The Concept Of Martyrdom In Islam

2461 words - 10 pages ISLAM as an all inclusive systematic religion is an interrelated set of ideals and realities covering the entire area of human notion and action, beliefs and practices, thought, word, and deed. Islamic principles and concepts cannot be fully and properly appreciated unless they are analysed and realized within the framework of Islam as a whole. [1]The concept of martyrdom (shahada) in Islam can only be understood in the light of the Islamic

The Concept Of Comedy In Aristophanes’ Acharnian

2614 words - 10 pages . But his followers never failed in trying to restore his concept of tragedy into comedy. In Tractanus Coislinianus (The Outline of Theory on Comedy as the Chinese Translation by Luo Nian-sheng) which is at least influenced by Aristotle's Poetics ensure us a reconsideration of comedy in the conventional binary system of drama. Comedy was explained in a way just parallel to Aristotle's words on tragedy in Poetics. Though the author tried his best in