The Concept Of Legitimaiton In Oedipus The King By Sophocles And Crito By Plato

994 words - 4 pages

Oedipus the king by Sophocles and Crito by Plato both have an active indication of the concept of legitimation and each one presents variations in using the authority through the rational and the traditional forms of legitimation. However, there was a minor concern about the charismatic legitimation in both of them. Traditional legitimation was shown in Oedipus the king by the Delphic oracle and the divine intervention. Also, it presented in Crito by Socrates believes in the vision of his delay death. However, rational legitimation was clarified in the logical way which Oedipus uses to find the killer of Laius. Crito used reasons to persuade Socrates to smuggle from the prison like: Socrates responsibilities towards his sons, how Socrates death will have negative impacts on his friends and how Socrates has been unjustly sentenced. In addition, the social contract with Athenians was an argument used by Socrates to show why he should stay in prison.

Traditional legitimacy is addressed in different avenues in Oedipus the king. Perhaps the most significant avenue is the underlying theme of divine intervention. The first indication of the Gods role in the play is the prophecy of the oracle, Oedipus fate was related to the oracle. Oedipus was well known of the ancient Greek believes that god can see the future and some people can access this information. Therefore, when a plague strike the city Oedipus act as traditional leader and sent Creon to Delphi-Apollo the prophet oracle to know what he can do to save the city. The Delphic oracle showed that the problem is because a religious pollution, the murder of the king Laius has been not caught yet. Oedipus believed that god is telling the truth therefore he sent for the blind prophet Tiresias to help him.

In comparison, the vision that Socrates had in the beginning of the dialogue was an avenue of traditional legitimation. Socrates had dream of women telling him that “the third day hence, to Phthia shalt thou go”. Therefore, Socrates believed that will be a one delay and he will not die the day after the ship arrive. So Socrates had a strong belief that there is no doubt in Gods words as the ancient Greek believes.

Rational legitimation is a growing threat in Oedipus the king. One of the most important avenues of rational authority in Oedipus the king is the reasoning that Oedipus used to find the killer of the king. After what the oracle said to Creon, Oedipus was trying to investigate and use sources to find the murderer of Laius. Therefore, he asked for Tiresias help, he questioned and listen to different people to catch the murder and save the city from the plague. Another argument which shows the use of reasons is when Oedipus left Corinth to escape the prophecy. So Oedipus rather than surrender to the oracle that he will murder his father and marry his mother,...

Find Another Essay On The Concept of Legitimaiton in Oedipus the King by Sophocles and Crito by Plato

Hubris in Oedipus the King by Sophocles

966 words - 4 pages picture. They think the world revolves around them and think they are the best. They are always going to be successful but suddenly will drop down. They will do anything to make themselves look good. There are many people that contain hubris. Oedipus is a fictional character in the novel Oedipus the King by Sophocles. The novel focuses on hubris. Oedipus is a man that is blinded by hubris through his whole life. Oedipus killed his father and married

Oedipus’s Downfall in Oedipus the King, by by Sophocles

710 words - 3 pages In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Oedipus’s downfall can be interpreted as brought about by his certainty of knowledge. The scholar Bernard Knox expresses that, “these attributes of divinity – knowledge, certainty, justice – are all qualities Oedipus thought he possessed – and that is why he was the perfect example of the inadequacy of human knowledge, certainty, and justice.” Oedipus is first held as the king of kings, and he believed

The Role of Irony and Fate in Oedipus The King by Sophocles

2679 words - 11 pages , and then marrying his mother, Jocasta (Sophocles 638). After a son was born, Laius and Jocasta had a shepherd take their newly born son and leave him in the desert to die. Unknowingly to the king and queen of Thebes, the shepherd took the baby boy to Corinth, where he was raised by the king and queen in Corinth (Sophocles Lines 1301-1306). The baby’s new adoptive parents named him Oedipus, which in Greek translates to swollen foot (Sophocles 638

Similar Ideas of Fate in Oedipus the King, by Sophocles and Crash

672 words - 3 pages The play, Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, shares very similar ideas of fate as the movie Crash. Fate is the idea that the outcome of events are out of our control, that your life is predetermined. Both of these works use the idea that one cannot escape their fate, that it is set and nothing can change it. However, in Oedipus the King, Oedipus believes that he can escape or change his fate while the characters in Crash do not even try to. In the

Fate Versus Free Will in Oedipus the King by Sophocles

910 words - 4 pages Oedipus the King is play that tells of a renowned king and his struggle between free will and his alleged fate. Oedipus was prophesized to kill his father and marry his mother. After learning about the prophecy, Oedipus immediately takes action by leaving his hometown of Corinth and avoiding his supposed parents. In Oedipus the King, Sophocles shows that Oedipus' actions contribute to his downfall; it is his vain short temper, enormous pride

Fate against Free will in Oedipus the King by Sophocles

1589 words - 6 pages The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that the events in Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, are the result of the hero’s self determination and restless attempt to escape a terrifying destiny predicted for him by the oracle of Apollo at Delphi.
My intention is to prove that although the Fates play a crucial part in the story, it is Oedipus'choices and wrong doing that ultimately lead to his downfall. At first glance, it seems that

Shame, Equality, and Blindness: Oedipus the King by Sophocles

1537 words - 6 pages Throughout Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, shame, equality, and blindness are all themes presented. Tiresias, a blind prophet attempts to convince King Oedipus that he has lived a shameful life by bringing light to the truth that Oedipus had no idea who his real parents are, and that he himself is the one who killed Laius. Tiresias, though blind, can clearly see the truth and shame that Oedipus lives in, while Oedipus, though he can see, is

Contrast Between Oedipus the King and Antigone by Sophocles

945 words - 4 pages Contrast between Oedipus the King and Antigone Sophocles, a famous and renowned Greek dramatist, is the playwright to both the play Oedipus the King and Antigone. Along with Antigone and Oedipus Sophocles had also wrote Electra and Fete. Sophocles wrote many Greek tragedies which are plays in which the main character in the play suffers a tragedy due to some flaw of theirs. An example would be how Oedipus (thinking he is defying a prophecy

"Oedipus, the King" and His Fate, by Sophocles

872 words - 3 pages Oedipus The King, by Sophocles, is a play about how Oedipus lives up his fate that he will kill his father and marry his mother, both of which are extremely bad in the Greek society, even though he thinks he is getting away from it. Despite the Greek notions of supreme power of the gods and fate, Oedipus' downfall is primarily the result of King Laius' and his own actions and attempts to defy the gods, consequently Sophocles says that prophecies

Sophocles: Oedipus the King

916 words - 4 pages .). Colonus had its own legendary heroes, one of which was the center of “three of Sophocles' most famous tragedies”, Oedipus. According to the legend, one of the local heroes had “been an exiled Theban king who vanished mysteriously in a grove at Colonus and who continued to protect the area until Sophocles' own day”. During the fifth century, contests were held and prizes were awarded to the finest playwrights. “Sophocles was to receive the first

King Oedipus Rex by Sophocles

1124 words - 4 pages ” this he makes an attempt to change what he thinks is true, when in reality he knows nothing and his blindness to this inevitably succumbs him to what is foretold. Through the story we find that Oedipus is not only blind to what is happening around him but also to the ambition of finding King Laius’s killer and also his own involvement in it. Sophocles plays with blindness and sight very vividly throughout the story line. The stories first irony

Similar Essays

Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay

650 words - 3 pages Oedipus the King conveys many lessons that are relevant to people living today despite the fact that it was written by Sophocles twenty four centuries ago. Oedipus is a child destined to kill his father and marry his mother. During his life, he makes many mistakes trying to avoid his fate. These mistakes teach us about the nature of humans under certain circumstances. Oedipus possesses personality traits which causes him to make wrong

"Oedipus The King" By Sophocles Essay

1653 words - 7 pages Oedipus the King - Research PaperIn the fourth century B.C., Aristotle formulated his own definition and concept of a tragedy, outlining the rules by which he thought a tragedy should follow. Corresponding with Aristotle's view of tragedy, Oedipus the King meets the strict and detailed standard of Aristotle's idea. The handling of the elements of plot is masterly, and even a modern audience has little difficulty in seeing this. In Oedipus the

Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay

623 words - 2 pages According to Bernard Knox, “these attributes of divinity – knowledge, certainty, justice – are all qualities Oedipus thought he possessed – and that is why he was the perfect example of the inadequacy of human knowledge, certainty, and justice”. The lack of these qualities pushed Oedipus farther from the truth and closer to his great downfall. In Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, Oedipus’ tragic downfall was caused by his alleged certainty of

Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay

1536 words - 6 pages Oedipus the King, a tragedy which was written by the ancient greek dramatist Sophocles, is often referred to as the perfect tragedy (McManus, 1999). According to Aristotle in his Poetics, in order for a story to be considered a tragedy, it must be realistic, evoke a series of emotions leading to catharsis, which is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed