This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Conception Of Hero In Iliad

2153 words - 9 pages

Joyce LanIntroduction to Western Lit., Friday 789Oral PaperJan, 4 2013The Conception of Hero in IliadGenerally, we regard Homer's epic as stories about hero, these heroes maybe have wisdom, chivalry, strong sense of manliness or meritorious military service. In Iliad, the sentence "hero" is used frequently in the text like character's dialogue and the narrator's words. However, the background of Iliad is in at least past two thousand years ago, some of their value and definition of hero is different from many other eras like middle ages and modern ages. In middle ages, hero is a representative for chivalry, which characteristic is courteous, meek, even " as meek of his bearing as a maid" (2). This concept is unessential in the definition of hero in the background of Iliad. Because there are such difference between moral principles of heroes in the two era, so we can infer there may be more discussible ideas in the conception of hero between Homer Epic and modern. For this, I am going to talk about some of the conception of hero in time period of Homer, and use Iliad as a proof.The word "hero" we use nowadays comes from ancient Greek mythology. To ancient Greek, heroes are not only literary figures but also historical and religious people who they respect. In Homer Epic, this word can also be interpreted as "brave warrior; a person with unusual courage and ability." Hence, this word makes a general reference and is used in many different ways in Iliad. For example, it is used as a pronouns of Menelaos when he fight with Paris in furiousness "The hero whirled the helmet about and sent it flying among the strong-greaved Achaians, and his staunch companions retrieved it" (110). When Menelaos captured Adrestos, who is thrown from his chariot when it crashes, Agamemnon came. In the text, the author wrote "The hero spoke like this, and bent the heart of his brother since he urged justice." (154) We can see another example that Agamemnon is a hero in Iliad in a sentence "The hero spoke like this and bent the heart of his brother since he urged wisely" (171). Agamemnon is care about his brother deeply. When Menelaos attends to fight with Hector, he caught Menelaos by the right hand, and called his brother by name, and spoke to him "Menelaos, beloved of god, you are mad; you have no need to take leave of your sense thus. Hold fast, though it hurts you, nor long in your pride to fight with a man who is better than you are, with Hector, Priam's son. There are others who shudder before him" (171). The relationship between then is far closer than Hector and Paris, despite Agamemnon and Menelaos broke up finally for dispute. The common point between them is, both of Agamemnon and Menelaos are hero. In the Kingdom of the Death, Achilles greet Agamemnon "you were the one, we thought, of all our fighting princes Zeus who loves the lightening favored most" (483). In the Latin words, "fighting princes" means "andron heroon," and heroon means heroes. In the...

Find Another Essay On The Conception of Hero in Iliad

Conception of Love in The Kreutzer Sonata

841 words - 3 pages Conception of Love in The Kreutzer Sonata Perhaps Tolstoy's short story, “The Kreutzer Sonata”, truly captures one definite conception of love, albeit a very negative one. To understand more what is brought to light in this story, we need to take a look at it, more importantly at the character of Pozdnychev.    Pozdnychev has just spent several years in prison for the murder of his unfaithful wife, as we find out early in the story

Essay on Diomedes, the True Hero of Homer’s Iliad

1552 words - 6 pages Diomedes, the True Hero of The Iliad In The Iliad, written in a 3rd person omniscient point of view, Homer gives a very serious account of the tenth and last year of the Trojan War.  It was in Homer's account that the very idea of becoming a legendary hero reached its pinnacle; the choice of the better hero was not decided on the events they participated in, but rather by their characteristics.  The ancient Greeks had strict criteria for

Essay on Achilles as the Hero of Homer’s Iliad

1628 words - 7 pages Achilles as the Hero of Homer’s Iliad       When Homer lived, the stature of a hero was measured by the yardstick of fighting ability. In Homer's Iliad, the character of Achilles represents the epitome of the Greek 'heroic code'. Only Achilles fights for pure heroics, while the characters of Diomedes and Hector provide good contrasts. "Prowess on the battlefield was ranked supreme, high above any considerations of morality"(Martin 26

Hector as the True Hero of Homer’s Iliad

2416 words - 10 pages Hector is the True Hero of Iliad        In today's society, a man's mind is his most important tool. In the past, however, a man's courage and strength is all that he had to keep him alive. In Homer's Iliad, courage is valued over honesty and even faithfulness to one's wife. If a hero is the most courageous man in the bunch, then Hector is more heroic than Achilles and King of the Myrmidons. Hector is the true hero of Homer's Iliad

The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad

1883 words - 8 pages The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad Throughout history, people have pondered the question of human mortality. In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals. The Gods are destined to eternal youth and life; however, for humans who are predestined to die, this existence is impossible to attain

Roles of Gods in The Iliad

1130 words - 5 pages “Nine days the arrows of god swept through the army.” (Homer, The Iliad, 1.61) The Iliad written by Homer portrayed the war between the Achaeans and the Trojans. In addition to the mortals fighting each other gods also intervened in the war between the two sides, the gods in The Iliad played very significant roles in the battles; they brought divine powers on to the mortal sides of the war, Greek gods embody many human characteristics, there

Presence of Gods in "The Iliad"

704 words - 3 pages In the novel “The Iliad” as well as many other literatures of Greek mythology all include the presence of gods. It was once said that mythology and gods are the explanations and sciences of the historical times. The gods’ presence enhances the story of the Iliad because they act as explanations for some things that occur as well as acting as imagery for the events that take place. There are many examples in this Homeric novel

The Role of Women in Homer’s Iliad

796 words - 3 pages The Role of Women in Homer’s Iliad Homer’s Iliad is undoubtedly focused on its male characters: Achilles, primarily, but also Hector and Agamemnon. Nevertheless, it seems that the most crucial characters in the epic are female. Homer uses the characters of Thetis, Andromache, and Helen as a basis for comparison to the male characters. Homer wants his audience to see and understand the folly of his male characters in choosing war over peace

The Lack of Credibility in Homer's Iliad

1405 words - 6 pages fact that it was an oral story long before it was written in the form it is today, is the cause of oversight of the narrative qualities of Homer's Iliad by many critics. The narration of the story has, however, been noted as a classic example of in medias res. "The term is derived from Horace, literally meaning `in the midst of things'. It is applied to the literary technique of opening a story in the middle of the action and then applying

Manipulation of desires in The Iliad

835 words - 3 pages In Book IX of The Iliad by Homer, Agamemnon gives gifts to Achilles to get help. Therefore, Agamemnon tries to bribe Achilles into following his agenda. By giving specific gifts to fulfill personal desires, apparent weaknesses are opened up in an attempt to manipulate them. The first desire, sex, targets instinct and is represented by the gifts of women; the second desire, pride/honor, targets ego and is represented by political power and

The Conception of Time in William Buck's Mahabharata

3435 words - 14 pages The Conception of Time in William Buck's Mahabharata      In Hindu philosophy, there is no absolute beginning to the universe and no absolute ending. Therefore, time is not conceived of in a linear fashion as is common in western philosophy. Instead, time is seen as a wheel turning within a larger wheel, and moksha, or the release from this wheel is one of the goals of of the Hindu devotee. In William Buck's Mahabharata, time is

Similar Essays

The Conception Of Hero In Iliad

2153 words - 9 pages Joyce LanIntroduction to Western Lit., Friday 789Oral PaperJan, 4 2013The Conception of Hero in IliadGenerally, we regard Homer's epic as stories about hero, these heroes maybe have wisdom, chivalry, strong sense of manliness or meritorious military service. In Iliad, the sentence "hero" is used frequently in the text like character's dialogue and the narrator's words. However, the background of Iliad is in at least past two thousand years ago

Achilles; The True Hero Of The Iliad

842 words - 4 pages battlefield and killed Hector. It took a great deal of bravery for Achilles to face the man who killed his best friend but Achilles, being the hero that he was, got back into battle and killed him because he couldn’t let Patroclus’ death go unavenged. Because he embodied Greek ideals, was ‘immortalized’ through his actions and glorious death, and was courageous, Achilles was an epic hero. Honor was of the utmost importance to both him and the entire Greek society, he chose to die a hero in battle, and he avenged the death of Patroclus even through mourning; Achilles is the true hero of the Iliad.

Qualities Of A Hero Illustrated In Homer’s Epic Poem, The Iliad

645 words - 3 pages The Ancient Greeks idealized and worshiped their heroes, this is portrayed in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad. To become a hero in ancient Greece, one would have to live and die in pursuit of glory and honor. Both Achilles and Hector seek victory in battle to become the “true hero.” Although both characters possess many hero-like qualities, Hector proved to be the genuine hero. Heroes are viewed differently today as the average person

Who Was The Real Hero In Homer's The Iliad?

1187 words - 5 pages warriors both show different kinds of traits that shape the character they become throughout the The Iliad. Achilles is the main hero in The Iliad, but Homer subliminally tries to persuade the reader that Hector is the true hero in this story. The Iliad is not a story about the Trojan War at all, the war is just to set the stage for Homer to bring together the swift footed Achilles and Hector, the Prince of Troy, so they can be compared. The