This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Fear Of Communism In The Years Of 1945 To 1954

1081 words - 4 pages

The Fear of Communism in the Years of 1945 to 1954

After world war two there was a steady build up of tension between the
United States of America and the Soviet Union, which grew to such a
level that the hostility grew to just short of military action. This
period, known as the cold war was a large factor in causing the
paranoia over communism in the USA. The Soviet Union was a communist
country and historically America had always opposed communism. It was
also clear that the USA- USSR alliance of World War Two was just to
serve a specific purpose. This bond was broken after the war, due to
the countries’ perceived differences and the apparent rivalry between
them.

The main American fear was the actual spread of communism and the fear
that a domino affect would occur; after one country having turned
communist, there would be a knock on effect and more would follow
suit. In March 1947 the Truman doctrine declared that America was
going to be extensively involved in world affairs, primarily to stop
the spread of communism. A few months later the Marshall plan was set
up aiming to aid war torn countries, however it’s other significant
aim was to stop the spread of communism. The United States followed
the policy of containment whereby it remained ‘friendly’ in order to
track the movements of other countries and halt the spread of
communism. In 1949 the communist Chinese took over power in China and
as a classic example of the domino effect North Korea became a
communist country and threatened pro-American South Korea, and
eventually invaded causing the Korean war and confirmed American
fears.

In August 1949, the Soviet Union developed and tested its first atomic
bomb, which was four years earlier than American scientists, had
anticipated. As America had spies in the Soviet Union, it was a
natural assumption that there were soviet spies in America who had
passed on crucial nuclear information, and an investigation was
launched. Several people including Klaus Fuchs and the Rosenburgs
were tried for passing on information to the Soviet Union and were
sentenced to death in 1953. This series of events began the Arms race
between the Soviet Union and the USA, which would continue until the
late 1980s with each side trying to out do the other. Although it
started as an arms race it eventually became an economic war.

Against this background certain people and events helped to stir
suspicion and set up what became known as the ‘red’ scare. The House
Un-American Activities Committee was set up in 1930 but made headlines
when it investigated ten famous screenwriters on suspicion of
sympathising with communists. The ten...

Find Another Essay On The Fear of Communism in the Years of 1945 to 1954

1954, the Year of Firsts Essay

1441 words - 6 pages The year 1954 is not one that comes to mind frequently unless one actually lived during that time. Even though this year was not the most memorable, many remarkable events in American history occurred during this time. Numerous other events also happened in 1954, but four best represent the amazing capabilities Americans have to change the world. The first kidney was successfully transplanted; the verdict on the Brown V. Board of Education was

"Assess the impact of Nazism on the Army in the years 1918 - 1945."

1587 words - 6 pages countries in order to achieve Lebensraum and the contribution towards Hitler's 'Final Solution', or extermination of the Jews.The surrender of the German Imperial Force on the 11th of November 1918, German soldiers were expected to return to their homeland after 4 years of treacherous war and assimilate back into German society. Feeling out of place, most returning soldiers joined right-winged, anti-Weimar constitution and military oriented political

The Fear of Communism in The United States: Joseph McCarthy Era

1704 words - 7 pages America has endured many difficult times throughout history. One such time is known as the McCarthy era. During the early 1950's, "witch hunts" occurred of suspected communists. One only needed to be suspected of communism to be accused. Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin, in order to gain political power, capitalized on the fear of communism in the United States in the early 1950's by falsely accusing innocent citizens of political

How was Ho Chi Mihn's leadership essential to the Viet Minh in the defeat of the French in 1954?

832 words - 3 pages trust and respect. Seen as a nationalist by many, Ho used communism as a way to achieve Vietnams independence and was the basis for exploiting the French throughout 1946- 1954 bringing them back into the country only so it would be easier to defeat them. All this brought confidence to the people and they in fated their support with Ho Chi Minh.Vo Nguyen Giap was a huge asset to the defeat of the French at Dien Bien Phu. Giap was the scourge of the

The Spread of Soviet-Backed Communism Across Eastern Europe after 1945

2033 words - 8 pages The Spread of Soviet-Backed Communism Across Eastern Europe after 1945 In seeking to provide an answer to the question, “Was the spread of Soviet-backed communism inevitable across Eastern Europe after 1945?,” I would like to point to the words of a contemporary specialist. At the end of World War II, R. R. Betts, the Masaryk Professor of Central European History at London University, asserted that much of the “revolution in central

Communism, Containment & the formation of a Nuclear World Order-1945-1960

815 words - 3 pages was presented as the principal guide to foreign policy during the Cold War. The United States and the Western Allies wanted to stop Communism from spreading. The American foreign policies in Europe during the Cold War have been considered mostly successful. From 1948 to 1960, the Marshall Plan provided economic resources for West Europe to recover from the war. It was one of the best U.S. foreign policy achievements. The plan assured markets for

The 'Fear Years' in the United Kingdom

2565 words - 11 pages For the last few decades, crime has seemed to play a part in the shaping of politics and law. The topic of crime is often shown in the media and discussed by politicians. This emphasis has seemed to create a ‘fear’ of crime and developed a penal system based on popularity. As criminologist Jonathan Simon described the ‘fear years’ of 1970s USA, I hope to outline a period of fear years in the UK. The topic has been in the headlines for some

The Creation of Israel in 1945

982 words - 4 pages Discuss the varying responses to the conflicts between the Arab's and the Jew's, leading up to the creation of Israel in 1945.Throughout history there have been many conflicts between the Jewish Israelis and the Arab Palestinians, both of who claim the right of sovereignty over the current land of Israel. The Jewish claimed they needed a national homeland and Palestine had been promised to them in biblical times while the Arabs claimed that it

The Demise of Communism

1329 words - 5 pages people for so many years to conceal them from the truth of the demise of the country as a result of communism. It was this recognition of the negative consequences of communism that was one of the primary factors in the decline of the Cold War and the main reason that I will be assessing This essay will incorporate both Havel's speech and Mikhail Gorbachev's addresses to the people of Russia in order to evaluate some reasons that the Cold War came

the failure of communism

2117 words - 9 pages in most of the countries got pushed back about 10 years. Communism is an economic and political system that sought to create an egalitarian society; it collapsed because of personal interest and government’s corruption. Communism was first found by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the second half of the 19th century. They met each other at 1844, and found out that they had almost similar Principle, so they wrote the book together at around 1848

The Death of Communism

839 words - 3 pages The Death of Communism The United States longest and bloodiest war was the Vietnam War, which was fought from 1959 until 1975.(Communist Manifesto 1) In this war 57,685 Americans were killed, and their were over 2 million Vietnamese deaths.(Communist Manifesto 3) One of the main causes of the war was a commonly held American belief called the Domino Theory. This theory stated that if the U.S. allowed one country to fall to communism, those

Similar Essays

How Was America Affected By The Fear Of Communism Between 1945 And 1960?

1728 words - 7 pages been committed over 10 years before. Instead, he got 5 years in prison on the grounds of Perjury. However, this case still affected the American public greatly. The whole country knew about the case and were following it until the end, many of them scared of Whittaker Chambers. It shows how the fear of communism affected America because it shows to what extreme measures the government would go to stamp out communism.The American government were

Fear Of Communism Caused The Vietnam War

1649 words - 7 pages 'neither eat or sleep'. This worked very well. Another demoralizing tactic the VC used was their landmines; they were designed to blow the limbs off the soldiers without killing them. This tied up hospital beds and meant the soldiers had to carry the wounded back to the base. As you can see, the US has had better ideas than entering in this war. So why did we enter in it? Mainly because of fear, fear of communism. Communism is a socioeconomic

"To What Extent Was The United States Successful In Stopping The Spread Of Communism From 1945 1963?"

747 words - 3 pages The United States was successful in stopping the spread of communism to a limited extent, as there were several failures from 1945-1963. As people feared the Domino Theory, which quintessentially stated that if one country turned communist, their neighboring countries would as well, the U.S. commandeered the fight to eliminate the threat. In order to accomplish this goal, there were many urgent actions taken that inadvertently was a huge factor

How Far Did Stalin’s Social Policies Change The Lives Of Children And Women In The Years To 1945?

1428 words - 6 pages schools were changed by a law passed in 1935, enabling teachers to resort to harsher methods, this could have been introduced to prepare students for military life in the lead up to 1945. The students were even targeted outside of school by organisations wanting to help them become good communists in aid of creating a stable population for the future of Russia. The syllabus was changed to focus on maths and science the previous syllabus of Lenin’s