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The Conflict Of Northern Ireland Essay

1976 words - 8 pages

The Conflict of Northern Ireland Works Cited Not Included The ongoing conflict in Northern Ireland is in general between two
main groups. Nationalists and Unionists or Catholics and Protestants.

Unionists form the majority of the population in Northern Ireland.
They are for the most part protestant and see themselves as British.
They advocate Northern Ireland remaining part of the United Kingdom.

On the other hand Nationalists make up an ever increasing amount of
the population of Northern Ireland and are almost without exception
Catholic. They see them selves as Irish and support the uniting of the
whole of Ireland.

The politics of Northern Ireland reflect the overlapping of opinions
of the population of two nations Ireland and the United Kingdom. The
two sides of this conflict are the direct opposite of each other. The
unionists see see Ireland as their home as they have occupied it since
the 1600’ but still consider themselves British while the Nationalists
feel that the British are an occupying army fell that Ireland as a
whole Island should govern itself.

The partition of Ireland in 1921 was seen for the most part by
Catholics/nationalists as a temporary measure and that in time the
whole island of Ireland would be united and Independent from Britain
but what happened was the differences between the two states grew
after the partition. The 1937 constitution cited the whole of the
Island of Ireland as national territory and gave the Roman Catholic
Church a special position in the constitution. The British government
handed over rule of the state of Northern Ireland to a Unionist
parliament in Stormont. The civil rights of Catholics were ignored and
they suffered widespread injustices under the rule of this parliament.

In 1966 the Ulster Volunteer force mobilised and murdered a number of
Catholics. In response to the Irish Republican army mobilised and
since then their has been widespread conflict in Northern Ireland.
This period in Irish history has been known as the troubles.

In recent years there have been a number of attempts by both the
British and Irish governments to put an end to the conflict and
establish government structures in Northern Ireland. Throughout this
process the two governments have been met with a number of stumbling
blocks most notably paramilitary decommissioning and police reform and
the particular discourses of the two main parties Nationalists and
Unionists towards this conflict.

On the 10th of April 1998 a compromise was reached and agreed upon by
both sides in the Good...

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