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The Conquests And Legacy Of Alexander The Great

848 words - 3 pages

Alexander III of Macedon, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, is one of the most legendary figures in our history and in the history of the world. His conquests and endeavors echoed far and wide, bringing about new eras and ideas to the world. Alexander earned his place in the world’s history and is worthy of the title ‘The Great’ because of his military prowess, his idealism and his legacy.

During the course of his life and reign, Alexander had fought and won many battles and wars, defeating many kings and warlords throughout the ancient world. Perhaps his most recognized conquest was of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and its ‘King of Kings’ Darius III during the Battle of Issus 1. After defeating the Persians at the Battle of Granicus, Darius gathered an enormous army from his empire and moved through the Greek line of supply, these actions required Alexander to counter attack which staged the battle near the Pinarus River and south of the Village of Issus 2. Darius’ army outnumbered Alexander’s by a 2:1 ratio 3. Attesting to his title, he deployed superior battlefield tactics and practices that led his army to victory, causing the Persian king to flee, leaving his empire to Alexander. The phalanx was used throughout history as an effective battlefield maneuver from roughly 2500 B.C until around 200 B.C and altered and refined as time passed 4. Never was this tactic used more effectively and more efficiently than by Alexander the Great, who used it to expand his empire as far as Punjab, India 5. As a final testament to his military prowess, the fact that under Alexander’s control, the Macedonian civilization army effectively conquered and controlled almost every known region in the ancient world 6. As a military leader, Alexander’s legendary victories earn him the title of ‘the Great’.

Alexander’s greatness stretched beyond military prowess, he was also an idealist, shaking the foundations of the ancient world with new and radical ideals. At a young age, Alexander believed his destiny was to exact revenge on the Persians for the burning of Athens 7, but as his campaign became longer and longer, his ideals changed and his vision for the ‘new world’ came into existence. His vision for a united Macedonia, along with conquered countries being absorbed into the empire, came with the prospect of global trade routes, intermingling of the Persian and Macedonian cultures and people, and interracial marriage between royalty of Persian and Macedonian empires 8. His vision was far more ambitious than what the Macedonian leaders had...

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