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The Consensus Perspective Essay

1058 words - 4 pages

Criminologists have long tried to fight crime and they have developed many theories along the way as tools to help them understand criminals. In the process of doing so, criminologist have realized that in order to really understand why criminals are criminals, they had to first understand the interrelationship between the law and society. A clear and thorough understanding of how they relatively connect with criminal behavior is necessary. Therefore, they then created three analytical perspectives which would help them tie the dots between social order and law, the consensus, the pluralist and the conflict perspectives. Each provides a significantly different view of society as relative to the law. However, while they all aim to the same exact purpose which is to help us understand crimes from a social viewpoint, the consensus perspective is more effective as it presents a more radical and logical view of how society interacts with the law. For instance, the consensus view focuses more on norms, unification, and equality. At the same time, it questions individuals ‘self-control as causes of crime.
As Michalowski described it, most members of a society believe in the existence of core values (Schmalleger, 2012). The consensus view is about nothing but values, the different that are commonly known as right and wrong. The teaching of those values start at a very early stage of one’s life and we tend to adapt to them quite effectively. Most importantly, they become part of our lives to a point where we do not very much need a piece of paper to demonstrate it, we just grow to know that, for example, the killing of another person is wrong and respect for others is right. Those are the things that we know and believe and what makes it so effective is that, it isn’t just shared among a certain group of people. Every single member knows the difference between right and wrong regardless of their actions sometimes. It becomes part our nature so much that oftentimes, even if we do not get caught doing the wrong thing, our conscience just turns against us and we just cannot live with ourselves without making it right. It is automatically a part of us and it is not so very easy to break away from it, we cannot escape it. As a society, we know what is right and wrong and we live by it. Now, one might think just because within a specific group, there are various backgrounds and cultures, but as different as we may seem, when it comes to morality, there is not so much of a difference as we all want the same thing, to live peacefully and safely.
Moreover, the notions of right and wrong are not only shared, but also unify us as a society. For instance, majority of society’s members join hands toward together to work toward what they believe is “the greater good” (Schmalleger, 2012). Family, church, schools all teach the same thing. Within the family, one learns that hitting your sibling as well as taking back to your parents is wrong and going to school and...

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