This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effect Of Motivation On An Employee's Work Performance

1883 words - 8 pages

The aim of this essay is to give an in depth explanation on the effect that motivation can have on an employees' commitment and performance at work. It will examine several different motivational theories and their criticisms. It will also look at how differing attitudes of an employee affect motivation. Finally it will examine how motivation is linked to commitment and performance at work.

What is Motivation? Motivation can be described as a driving force within us. It makes people try and achieve certain targets in order to satisfy a particular need or expectation. It makes an individual behave in a certain way and makes them make decisions to act in a certain way and to continue with these actions until they satisfy their needs and expectations.

According to Mitchell there are four particular characteristics that support the definition of motivation. First of all motivation is described as an individual phenomenon. This implies that every person has different characteristics and is unlike any other. This allows them to demonstrate their "uniqueness". Mitchell also suggests that motivation is intentional and is therefore under the control of an individual. From this statement we can conclude that actions that are influenced by motivation are in fact a choice of action. Mitchell also identified that motivation can be used to predict behaviour but it is not actually behaviour itself. Finally Mitchell described motivation as being multifaceted. He argued that the two most important factors of motivation are arousal and direction of choice or behaviour. In summary Mitchell defined motivation as "the degree to which an individual wants and chooses to engage in certain specified behaviours".

Maslow (1943) believed that it is inbuilt in human nature to always want. What we want also depends on what we already have. Marlow suggested that human needs have a hierarchy. His hierarchy of needs is shown as a series of steps in the form of a pyramid. There are 5 main levels in the hierarchy ranging from physiological needs at the lowest level to self actualisation at the highest level. Maslow's hierarchy also takes into consideration the physiological need of the body, the safety needs, the love needs and finally esteem needs. The physiological need of the body includes satisfying hunger and thirst, as well as the need for oxygen, sleep and sexual desire. The safety need is based on the idea of being free from any pain or threat of physical attack and for predictability and orderliness. The love need level of the hierarchy includes the sense of being part of a group, taking part in social activity, having friends and the sharing love. Finally there is esteem which is gaining self-respect involving confidence, independence and achievement. Maslow stated that "a satisfied need is no longer a motivator". Only needs that are unsatisfied motivate a person. If people can no longer be motivated then arguably their performance in the work place will...

Find Another Essay On The Effect of Motivation on an Employee's Work Performance

The Effect of Red on Performance Attainment

1489 words - 6 pages . The “Journal of Experimental Social Education”, conducted an experiment that explored cognitive associations with the color red they found, “Red often carries the meaning of danger or negative event … undermine[s] performance on challenging intellectual task ” ( Lichtenfel 1273). Therefore when students see the red ink corrections, their brains is alerting them that they did something wrong within in their papers. Even though the comments might

The Effect of Glucose on Brain Performance

726 words - 3 pages used to substitute breakfast. This study is significant because people will be informed about the effect of blood glucose level on brain performance particularly after fasting; therefore, they will have a guide to an ideal breakfast composition. Proposal: The participants are 5 female and 5 male college students who will be tested on two types of treatments for four consecutive weeks, two meetings with glucose consumption and two meetings

The Effect of Sportsmanship and Motivation on Athletic Aggression

1433 words - 6 pages consequences, reactive aggression and instrumental aggression.. Therefore, sportspersonship behaviors play an important role in the relationship between the two forms of athletic aggression and sports motivation. Methods: Study 1: They experimented with a total of 102 male physical education students. All of them were volunteers. They all participated in different sports ranging from Judo to Rugby. After a playing they went into the

The Effect of Music on Performance of a Task

6654 words - 27 pages cannot stand alone and be generalised to these other areas. This study could be seen as the first step into investigating the subject of music aiding performance. With more published research in this area, the effect of music could be made more publicly aware. As music is such a huge industry with an even bigger following, people could learn about the types of music that would help them possibly improve their work though

The Effect of Self-Esteem and Stereotype on Task Performance

4069 words - 16 pages . While with high self-esteem line had a buffer, it didn’t change a lot depending on the conditions. We can say that participants with high self-esteem did not have an effect from the stereotype threat. Discussion The purpose of this study was to see how the pairing of high or low self-esteem along with the presence or lack of stereotype threat affects individuals on task performance. We expected to find participants with high self-esteem

The Effect of School Leadership on Academic Performance

2138 words - 9 pages subjective research makes it hard to have ample empirical data that supports the assertion that leadership style contributes to better student performance. The purpose statement of this intended research is to take an objective view of the effect of leadership styles on academic performance. This will include exploration of all leadership styles and related data in academic institutions including how these leadership styles might have

The Effect of Dominating Leaders on Team Performance

3240 words - 13 pages done using simple statistics such as percentages and frequencies. This study will be of importance because it will help inform leaders of whether to adopt a dominating leadership or not. Organizations will also benefit from the study because they will also learn about the type of leadership that brings the best out of the workforce. Literature Review The effect of dominating leaders on team performance Introduction Leadership plays

The Effect of the External Environment on Work in Australia

2034 words - 8 pages The Effect of the External Environment on Work in Australia This essay considers how changes in the external environment of organisations have altered the world of work. Australia is currently experiencing a period of economic growth. But some new challenges have appeared. Australian organisations are facing skill shortages and an aging workforce. This shortage has been addressed by introduction of new technology in workplaces and influx of

The Effects of Intelligence Theories on Motivation, School Performance, and Learning

1748 words - 7 pages those of the entity belief (Mangels et al., 2006). The Effects of Intelligence Theories on Motivation, School Performance, and Learning An individual’s beliefs about intelligence can have an impact on their motivation and school performance. One study by Blackwell, Trzesniewski, and Dweck (2007) confirms that adolescents who possess an incremental theory of malleable intelligence also possess stronger learning goals and have more positive

Motivation and Reinforcement on Performance

1475 words - 6 pages perform better, when they are given incentives to work for and clearly told what those incentives are.ReferencesAtkinson J.W. (1965). An Introduction to Motivation. New York, London, New Jersey (Princeton), and Toronto: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc.Berlyne D.E. (1969). Reinforcement and Behavior. The Reward-Value of Indifferent Stimulation. New York and London: Academic Press.Brody N. (1983). Human Motivation: Commentary on Goal-Directed Action. New

The Effect Of Limited And Extensive Options On Motivation, Satisfaction And Choice

2074 words - 8 pages embraced choice. Half the students were shown an Extensive choice of 20 Nokia mobile phones, whereas the other half was shown a limited choice of 6. The participants were asked to choose a phone from the list which them deemed as the phone they would most like to win. The students expressed their motivation, satisfaction and ease of choice on a 10-point Likert scale. Each phone was of similar value and had similar features.It can be hypothesised

Similar Essays

The Effect Of Diversity On An Company’s Structure And Performance

644 words - 3 pages litigation. Diversity, if unattended, is likely to have a distasteful result on groups’ processes communications, conflict, and cohesion in the work palace. This conflict can be beneficial if it avoids group discussion and brings additional points and views into the discussion where other forms may impair group performance. Diversity can have a positive and negative impact on the performance of a company structure depending on the corporation

The Effects Of Motivation On Performance

4990 words - 20 pages work by interviewing an employee in-depth and comparing their attitudes with your own. Relate you findings to motivation theories and provide a description of the motivators appropriate for different types of individual performance. Andrew and Robertson: An Introduction to the Business Objectives Andrew and Robertson have started put life as property mangers in 1887. Managing properties on behalf of owners. Southwark Council also

The Effect Of Motivation On Language Learning

897 words - 4 pages -knowledge refers to the motivation necessary to perform an activity for the related pleasure of developing knowledge and new ideas. IM-accomplishment however, is the feeling associated with attempts to achieve a goal or master a task. IM- stimulation refers to motivation based on the sensations stimulated by doing a task, i.e. fun and excitement (Carreira, 2005). Teachers can exploit stimulating tasks to increase motivation by engaging students

The Effect Of Reinforcement On Performance

2391 words - 10 pages biological component, such as hunger or thirst.Psychologist B. F. Skinner proposed the reinforcement theory of motivation, which suggests that an individual's behaviour is likely to be repeated if it has positive consequences. This theory is particularly relevant to our experiment, as we are investigating the effect of verbal reinforcement on the performance of our subjects.Reinforcements can be in the form of rewards. Rewards can be of various