Becoming a major trend in the United States among families, is the increase of marital instability (Del Boca & Cigno, (2003). Economic difficulties arise for various reasons such as finances and custody battles, when it comes to the separation of parents. In most cases, the mother receives the child while the father has to contribute time and income for the child. For families, divorce can be a devastating experience that has a major impact when children become involved (Welton, 2014). New research proposes that children whose parents are divorced had a difficult time adapting to the social, mental, and physical changes in their lives. Children between the ages 3 to 5 years old have a higher level of feeling insecure than those children whose parents divorced when they were older (Author Unknown, 2013). In the early stages of childhood development, kids are most inclined because of the rapid time of change and learning.
Regarding the reasoning for divorce, children become emotionally, socially and physically vulnerable because the child tends to blame him or herself (Welton, 2014). These feelings of blame then lead to aggression, anger or anxiety. Relationships with your family plays a major role in your life because we grow and become attached to our family members, especially our parents (Author, Unknown, 2013).
In early childhood, a child learns the needs to create relationships and learn to work together with others (Welton, 2014). Parents who experience divorce become less responsive to the need of their children which may cause a deterrence of attachment or bonding time for that child. To maintain a healthy development for children they need this type of affection because any disturbance may lead to problems with how a child learns and how much they will trust others.
The physical developments in a child includes the growth and motor skills which may not be affected by divorce until the child feels a sense of neglect by the parent(s) (Author Unknown, 2013). According to Welton, children who are about the age of 2 to 4 are most highly to suffer physically because during this time they are being potty trained and can lose bladder and lose control of the bowel sometimes cause stuttering and drastic changes (Welton, 2014).
A theory that can explain why a child is emotionally, and socially physically affected by divorce is because of the attachment theory. Psychologists Bowlby and Ainsworth defined this theory as the way in which children bond with their caregivers such as their mother (Ghose, 2013). Recent studies such as the studies that will be mentioned throughout this paper will propose that children who are attached tend to do better than those who are not attached to their parents.
In recent years, the increase in divorce in many countries has gained much interest in the relationship between the divorce and the children (Del Boca & Cigno, 2003). In many cases of divorce, the mother is given full custody of the children and this study...