The Effects Of Population Growth In China

2336 words - 9 pages

Thesis statement : Since the population has grown rapidly since in the past Fifty (5) years, how did the Chinese government deal with the population explosion in the past and how will they deal,with it in the future?

Though China is the world's fifth-largest country in terms of area and the second largest country in Asia, it is the most populous country in the world. There is over one billion Chinese people which is 19 percent of the world's population and the population still keeps growing. From 2000 to 2010, Chinese population growth is about 6.2% and if we compared the population from 1960 with 2010, the population had grown more than 100%. While half of Chinese people live in the rural areas, the urban population is growing rapidly. In January 2012, urban population has exceeded the rural population for the first time. Now about 100 million rural people become migrant workers which move in and out the cities in search of work. This has caused many problems in China , since in the past and the present day, such as traffic jams in the city, pollution, and most importantly the shortage of food and shelter. This might affect the Chinese economic as well.

China has 3.748 million square miles (or 9.707 million square kilometers). As a whole, China only has a population density of 139.6 people per square kilometer, or 363.3 people per square mile. Due to the large area of land, this results China to has a huge population.

In 1911, Sun Yat-sen, the leader of the Nationalist Party, was a part of the revolution to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. The nationalist declared China a republic, and Sun Yat-sen became the country's first president. The nationalist had fought against many local warlords and they realized that they need to defeat all the warlords in order to unify China. After Sun Yat-sen died in 1925, Chaing Kai-shek took control in 1927. Later, the communist wanted to give more power to the workers by giving land to the landless peasants, but Chaing Kai-sek disagreed. In 1927, Chaing Kai-sek forsake the communist party and ordered those who favored communist ideas to be killed. This led to the endless civil war.

In the early 1930s, the Japanese had used the advantages from the civil wars in China to invade and attempted to take over control of some part of China. At this time, the communist and the nationalist were united and helped each other fight against Japan during World War II. However, after the war end in 1945, civil war resumed and ended with Mao Zedong, the leader of the Communist Party in China, took over the control. Chaing Kai-sek's army had been fleeing to regroup in Taiwan and never returned.

Before Mao Zedong gained all power, there were many civil wars and also an important war against the Japanese. Many people had died from the war, so there was not a very high population growth during that time. However, during Mao Zedong's period, Chinese population has grown a lot. Mao had...

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