The Constitutional Convention Essay

643 words - 3 pages

Weak Articles of Confederation, a Congress without power to raise taxes, a collection of states in debt from the Revolutionary War and local rebellions from frustrated citizens led to the decision to call for the Constitutional Convention of 1787. Stemming from the causes of the Revolutionary War, the Articles of Confederation were intentionally structured in such a way as to create a limited central government. Just a few years after the ratification of the Articles the structure of the burgeoning country was teetering. “…international weakness and domestic economic turmoil led many Americans to consider whether their newly adopted form of government might not already require revision” (Lowi 40).
The colonies had fought hard to escape the tyranny of Britain and worked to craft a working constitution that reflected their desire to escape an all-powerful government. The Articles centered around the Congress which was given the limited power of the declaration of wars, signing of treaties, coinage of money and regulation of trade with the Native Americans. It did not have the power to raise taxes and left the tax collection to the states. Additionally, the states were not bound together by the Articles in a cohesive manner. In fact, the states could fight with one another for trade with foreign entities. Money was shipped from the states to Europe through trade and left the states poor. State taxes were high and many land owners were in debt and in order to prevent foreclosures on their land, one group of farmers in Massachusetts, led by Daniel Shay, rebelled against the government to shut down the county courts that were hearing the debtor’s cases. The Massachusetts rebels in Shay’s rebellion also “terrified the state government by attempting to capture the federal arsenal at Springfield” (Lowi 41). This prompted a request for Congressional help to quell the insurrection and startled the state government. As reported by a citizen of Massachusetts at the...

Find Another Essay On The Constitutional Convention

Alexander Hamilton and His Contributions to the Constitutional Convention

421 words - 2 pages Alexander Hamilton and His Contributions to the Constitutional Convention Alexander Hamilton was the one to first suggest that the Constitutional Convention be called in May of 1787, in Philadelphia. He was one of the three delegates of New York at the time (1782-83). He had a plan of government already outlined to be held over the current feeble system of the Articles of Confederation. He was a very strong advocate when it came to the

An essay about the Constitutional Convention of 1787

1297 words - 5 pages Following the Revolutionary War, the new American Government was set up under the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation did not give the federal government enough authority to be effective. So in 1787 delegates from all the states attended a meeting known as the Constitutional Convention. Among those attending were James Madison, representing Virginia, William Paterson, representing New Jersey, and Roger Sherman, representing

The Evolution Of Individual Rights And Liberties Prior To The Constitutional Convention

1143 words - 5 pages paper, I will analyze the evolution of individual rights and liberties in England, and in the Colonies, and States of the Confederation during the years preceding the Constitutional Convention. In the year 1215, at a place called Runnymede in England, is where the story begins about the English barons forced King John to sign the Magna Carta, the first document to put limits on the king's power. While the document itself did not establish the

Evolution Of Individual Rights And Liberties Prior To The Constitutional Convention

1186 words - 5 pages Evolution Of Individual Rights And Liberties Prior To The Constitutional ConventionThere are many factors that may have combined to bring about the strong individual rights focused on the Convention on the Rights of the Child. One factor might be that, unlike the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948 and the two legally binding human rights covenants that grew out of it the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and

What happened at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and why was it significant

1225 words - 5 pages looking slightly grim when North Carolina and Rhode Island said they would not ratify, but things managed to shape up for the better. New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify on June 21, 1788, thus putting the new constitution into action.The Constitution is perhaps one of the greatest documents in the world. People attended the Constitutional Convention to revise the Articles of Confederation; but after discussing the weaknesses of the Articles, the framers began forming a new document later known as the Constitution of the United States of America. The liberties and rights given by the Constitution have proven to be one of the best forms of government today.

Explain the impact of the Articles of the Confederation on the Constitutional Convention of 1787. How were the imperfections of the Articles ‘corrected’ with the new constitution?

1870 words - 7 pages of the Articles of Confederation, or the union itself would have disintegrated. "The result of these observations to an intelligent mind must clearly be this, that if it be possible to any rate to construct a federal government capable of regulating the common concerns and preserving the general tranquility, it must be founded…"14In May 1787, the Constitutional Convention opened in Philadelphia. "The delegates who assembled …had to

What happened at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and why was it significant?

1247 words - 5 pages . However, it was until the convention of 1787, which was for the "sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation," that our country really took shape. (www.sinc.sunysb.edu 1)The Philadelphia Convention proved to take on a completely different role than was expected.Seventy-four delegates from twelve of the thirteen states were invited to attend this Convention. Of these seventy-four, only fifty-five managed to show up. All states

Constitutional Convention

1457 words - 6 pages Constitutional Convention After the Revolutionary War, Congress had faced a huge debt. The United States owed money to the French since they aided support to the war. The government did not have a straightforward plan to meet its financial debt. They did not have right to tax; they could only request money, and had no control over commerce. Americans bought bonds to help support the war and in return, would be repaid in full at an agreed-upon

Constitutional Convention

1374 words - 5 pages The constitutional convention was the beginning of one of America’s greatest documents. There were many drafts presented to the convention, but only one was ratified. The constitution has helped shape America because of the twenty-eight amendments that were brought to the table by the delegates.In September 1786, a gathering was called in Annapolis, Maryland to deliberate on the state of commerce throughout the nation. The national

Constitutional Convention & Federalists

1046 words - 4 pages The Constitutional Convention was held during the hot summer of 1787 in town of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At this convention, delegates from twelve different states came together to begin to write the Constitution of the United States. The first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was abandoned so that they could create a stronger, more reliable form of government. In this constitution they created a central government with three

Establishment of the Stable American Government

512 words - 3 pages The stable national government that we have in the U.S. today isn't the same government that we had when we first gained our independence. Many events, and much thought and effort went into the creation of the Constitution of the United States. The major contributing factors include the Articles of Confederation (our first form of government), Shay's Rebellion, The Annapolis Convention, and the Constitutional Convention. Our Forefathers created

Similar Essays

The 1787 Constitutional Convention Essay

1951 words - 8 pages The 1787 Constitutional Convention was paramount in unifying the states after the Revolutionary War. However, in order to do so, the convention had to compromise on many issues instead of addressing them with all due haste. This caused the convention to leave many issues unresolved. Most notably were the issues of slavery, race, secession, and states’ rights. Through the Civil War and the Reconstruction, these issues were resolved, and in

The Constitutional Convention Of 1787 Essay

768 words - 3 pages The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was held to address problems in governing the United States which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation since it’s independence from Britain. Fifty-five delegates from the states attended the convention to address these issues. The delegates consisted of federalists who wanted a strong central government to maintain order and were mainly wealthier merchants and plantation owners and anti

George Washington’s Mind On The Constitutional Convention

1069 words - 5 pages In the beginning, George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States. There was a thought floating in the clouds as to why George Washington did not want to be present at the Constitutional Convention. Merely opposite of the fact, George Washington changed his mind and made his appearance at the Constitutional Convention. All the same, George Washington’s attendance at the Constitutional

Benjamin Franklin, And The Constitutional Convention

1043 words - 4 pages Benjamin FranklinAccording to legend, as the exulted Benjamin Franklin stepped out of the last session of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in September of 1787, a curious woman queried, "What kind of government have you given us, Dr. Franklin?" Franklin answered, "A Republic, Madam, if you can keep it."1 Remarkably, over 200 years later, the United States has kept its constitution, and the republic for which it was created has