The Constitutional Law Of Uk In Comparison With The Constitutional Law Of Russia

4961 words - 20 pages

Constitutional LawThe Constitution of United Kingdom In Comparison with the Constitution of RussiaIntroduction:Constitutional law is concerned with the role and powers of the institutions within the state and with the relationship between the citizen and the state . Thus, it tends to concentrate on the relation between the primary organs of sovereign power (for example, Parliament and the judiciary) and the fundamental principles of constitutionalism, such as the rule of law. All constitutional law presupposes the existence of a constitution, whether written or not.A constitution sets out the relationship between individuals and the Government. It is a document that sets out necessary rules for the framework and operation of state institutions, for example defining the powers of the state and its agencies . Who can do what and where the limits of power are. This can only be of value if people feel an ownership of their constitution and other institutions are open and fair.This essay will examine the constitutional law of the United Kingdom in comparison with the constitutional law of Russia. To do so a brief background and history will be discussed in order to explain how the current constitutional law of these two countries came about.An Introduction to the United Kingdom and Russia's ConstitutionSimilarly, the study of constitution of the United Kingdom and Russia involves acquiring an understanding of variety of historical, legal, philosophical and political factors which have, over the centuries, shaped the organisation of these states. The United Kingdom appears to be almost unique in not having a constitution, which is conveniently set out in a single written document . Instead, it is comprised of Acts of Parliament, treaties, common law and European law, amongst others.The Russian constitution, on the other hand is in a written format. The most important documents in the Russian constitutional law are the Constitutions adopted on 12 December 1993, the Declaration of Independence of Russia (12 June 1990), and the Federal Treaty (the treaty on allocation of subject matter jurisdiction and competence between the federal bodies of state power and bodies of state power of subunits of the Russian Federation 31 March 1992) . Nevertheless, under all constitutions, not all the rules will be written and collected within a single document.Basic Structure of the United KingdomThe UK is a unitary state and a constitutional monarchy. The monarch's role is basically ceremonial, with the queen or king taking decisions only on the advice of the Prime Minister. The latter is the most powerful figure in the executive, which is recruited from the legislature, Parliament. The Prime Minister appoints the cabinet, the body of ministers which formulates and applies government policy. All members of the cabinet support its collective decisions. This is known as the doctrine of responsibility . The cabinet is answerable to the Parliament, principally to the House...

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