The Comparison Of Parliamentary Political System In Sweden And Semi Presidential Political System In France And The Results For Turkey.

3339 words - 13 pages

INTRODUCTIONDemocracy is spreading all around the world in different forms. Countries shape democracy according to their own needs and political structures. So, democracy as a political system is represented in different ways in the world. Two of the more common appearing style of democracy in the political structures of the countries' is presidential and parliamentary political systems. Parliamentary and presidential political systems also have different kind of qualities. Which one is better for the better working of political structure and as a result creating stability in the country? This question is important because in their natures both systems have different structures. Some countries adapt to the presidential system and some countries adapt to the parliamentary system in the world (Shugart and Carey, 1994). Some countries unite these two and create semi-presidential and semi-parliamentary systems (Shugart and Carey, 1994). Whether depending on these political systems or not, they have different levels of stability in politics. According to Linz, it has been argued that the terms presidentialism and parliamenatrism both cover a wide range of political institutional formulas, and the variety among these formulas is such that it is misleading to generalize about either term (Linz and Valenzuela, 1994). I have chosen France and Sweden cases for research. France is governed by the semi-presidential system and Sweden is governed by the parliamentary system. They represent the one of the most powerful examples of semi-presidential and parliamentary political systems. These countries are both from Europe and their societies almost have the same culture. Both of them have similar backgrounds; however, they differ in terms of their political systems. So, it is good to compare and contrast these two countries for taking out lessons for Turkey because in Turkey there is the pure parliamentary system, like in Sweden, now and there are some discussions about passing through presidential system, like in France, for better stability in politics. By this comparison, it will be good for me to see the importance of presidential versus parliamentary political systems and how the transformation from one to the other affects the country. Finally, I will be able to evaluate my hypothesis which are presidential political system is better than parliamentary system for better working of political structure and as a result creating stability in the country and Turkey should adopt to the presidential system.MAIN PARTIn this part, the political systems in the case countries of France and Sweden are told. Firstly, in France, the concept of a semi-presidential form of government is defined only by the content of the constitution (Hancock, Conradt, Peters, Safran, Zariski, 1998). A political regime is considered as semi-presidential if the constitution which established it combines three elements, 1) the president of the republic is elected by universal suffrage, 2)...

Find Another Essay On The comparison of parliamentary political system in Sweden and semi-presidential political system in France and the results for Turkey.

The Political Party System Essay

1733 words - 7 pages answer affiliated with them, along with a corresponding party. Unfortunately we are not computers and we do not work in a binary fashion. Life has grey areas far beyond the binary 1’s and 0’s of the two party political system. This two-party system severely limits voter choice when trying to pick the “right” candidate. Picking someone who fits some of your needs but not all of them is common American voting practice, year after year. Oftentimes

The American Political System Essay

1088 words - 4 pages expected goals, particularly those of strong defense and an integrated economy (p. 60).” In this essay, it will be discussed how federalism changed our nation by a division of authority between two governments, nation and state. The national government was weak, since it relied on the states for money the cost of national defense. They needed more power to strengthen the national defense system and add more army and navy

The Separation of Powers in the United States Political System

892 words - 4 pages Powers. The system of checks and balances have also been under heat for not providing satisfactory Separation of Powers because some have observed how since the 19th Century right up to the modern day, the presidential authority seems to dominate in government. They observe how President Thomas Jefferson in 1803 authorised the 'Louisiana Purchase' without the consult of Congress. This more than doubled the size of the US

The Bell Tolls for the Educational System in Turkey

1056 words - 4 pages Turkey. Educational system in Turkey based on mechanistic approach hence teachers focus on efficiency and they only appreciate for exam results, test scores and individual performance. Probably, the most obvious clue for mechanistic approach is centralized placement examination for entering university. According to this exam you have to answer to questions directly related to text books, you have to memorize lots of formulas, you have to obey too

Freedom and Equality in the Comparison of Political Systems

2490 words - 10 pages unsatisfactory situation the basic notions have to be studied in more precise terms and have to be compared with each other with respect to their contributing to the quality of political systems. In will go some steps in this direction and present some results showing that the scientific study of these aspects or dimensions is promising. I concentrate here on the most important notion: freedom and equality. As a background for my explications I

Cigarette Smoking and the Healthcare System in France

3902 words - 16 pages and became society-focused in times of great suffering; the depression era and post World War II. Many governmental support programs emerged and for France, there was a great push for compulsory health insurance (Dutton, 2012). A Comparative Sample Norway, Turkey, and Sweden were selected for a few comparative facts. Health Expenditure as % of GDP Life Expectancy at Birth Female/Male Expenditure on Health per Capita France 11.6 78/85 4086

Political System

1724 words - 7 pages Running head: POLITICAL SYSTEM POLITICAL SYSTEM PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 9 Political SystemBUS230 Unit 1 Individual ProjectAbstractI have picked Wal-Mart and Australia. I need to talk about the overview history of Wal-Mart and why is it a potential market? Do they have political legal systems if so what are they, what are the benefits from them. Does Australia offer free elections like we do in the United States. Does the government care about its

Analysing the British Political System

3567 words - 14 pages ' man.Finally, in relation to the Prime Minister and presidency, one of the main reasons why a presidential system is not at work in Britain, is that Britain is still a Cabinet government. They still hold the power to reject the PM, for example, the defeat of Margaret Thatcher came from the Cabinet when they rejected her for, basically, being too presidential like.In comparison to the US president, Tony Blair (or any PM for that matter), will not

The Need to Reform the Political System in 1815

1466 words - 6 pages of a change in organization for the British political system to work fairly for the benefit of the entire British nation in the future. In order to answer this question it is clear that there were indeed people who wanted to reform the parliamentary system. However, there were also those who were content with the system that was already in place. Nevertheless, the question of whether it was right to want a reform will be

An Outline of the English Political System

4650 words - 19 pages commonly accepted by democratic systems have been formally recognised E.g. discrimination of sex, race...  FOR: This way the political system is less rigid to adapt to new situations.  AGAINST: Absence of written constitution is dangerous because there's no limit in the abuses of power on the part of the government and no guarantee of the population's right defence. The demand for reform hasn't been achieved. 2.- THE

How unfair the justice system is in regards to race and the results of it.

1764 words - 7 pages juries as well as in their neighborhoods by local police.When asking for fairness, the desire isn't for more rights for the criminally accused, yet for those rights of the accused to be fairly executed, before they are found guilty or innocent. This being because the system is unfair, it seems to be two different systems: one for the privileged, and one for the less privileged. Cops use methods of investigation and interrogation against

Similar Essays

The Parliamentary System Vs. The Presidential System

1455 words - 6 pages . The characteristics are not set for a specific one because each democracy in the world today contains different ones but essential ideas. The executive-legislative relation is one of these aspects and the state differs in which one is practiced. The presidential system is used by the democracy of the United States but on the other hand the parliamentary system is used by the democracy of Great Britain.Characteristics of the systemsThe presidential

Polarization In The Political System Essay

2334 words - 9 pages congenitally impossible to cooperate? What is it about politics and power that seem to always put them at odds with good government? Indeed, is an effective, well run government even possible given the current adversarial relationship between our two main political parties? It would seem that the exercise of power for its own sake, and a competitive situation in which one side must always oppose the other on any issue, is incompatible with the

The American Presidential System Vs. The Canadian Parliamentary System

1978 words - 8 pages branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. Together, these branches govern the country. In the American presidential system the President is the head of government and chief executive officer. Both Canada and the United States are representative democracies with a federal structure. I prefer The Canadian parliamentary system of government over the American Presidential system of government. The leader of a political party in the

To What Extent Has The French Political System Become Less 'presidential' In Character Since 1986?

2869 words - 11 pages To what extent has the French political system become less 'Presidential' in character since 1986?The French political system is described as a hybrid system with a separately elected President who shares executive power with the Prime Minister. It is a hybrid model that is most cited as a semi-presidential system where the constitution and political circumstances tend to place the emphasis on the powers of the President. The Constitution of the